Rhaphiolepis indica (L.) Lindl.
  • Bot. Reg. 6: t. 468 (1820)
  • kapkae (กับแก)(Northeastern)

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2023): Rhaphiolepis indica (L.) Lindl. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0001016273. Accessed on: 29 Jan 2023'

General Information

Shrubs, rarely small trees, to 4 m tall. Branchlets purplish brown when young, grayish brown when old, terete, initially brown tomentose, glabrous when old. Petiole 0.5–1.8 cm or nearly absent, slightly brown tomentose or, subglabrous; stipules caducous, lanceolate, sparsely brown tomentose, apex acuminate; leaf blade ovate, oblong, rarely obovate, oblong-lanceolate, narrowly elliptic or lanceolate-elliptic, (2–)4–8 × 1.5–4 cm, leathery, veins prominent abaxially, reticulate veins conspicuous abaxially and conspicuous or not adaxially, abaxially pale, glabrous or sparsely tomentose, adaxially lustrous, glabrous, base attenuate, margin crenulate, serrate, or obtusely serrate, apex obtuse, acute, acuminate, or long caudate. Panicle or racemes terminal, many- or few flowered; peduncle and pedicels rusty tomentose; bracts and bractlets caducous, lanceolate or narrowly lanceolate, 2–7 mm, both surfaces initially brown tomentose, densely so at margin, soon glabrescent, apex acuminate. Pedicel 0.5–1.5 cm, initially brown tomentose, soon glabrescent. Flowers 1–1.3(–1.5) cm in diam. Hypanthium tubular, brown tomentose at margin and on both surfaces or glabrous. Sepals triangular-lanceolate or linear, 4.5–6 mm, both surfaces slightly brown tomentose or glabrous, apex acute. Petals white or pinkish, obovate or lanceolate, 5–7 × 4–5 mm, pubescent basally, apex obtuse. Stamens 15, ca. as long as or shorter than petals. Ovary glabrous, 2- or 3-loculed, with 2 ovules per locule; styles 2 or 3, connate at base, subglabrous. Pome purplish black, globose, 5–8 mm in diam., glabrous; fruiting pedicel 5–10 mm, glabrous; sepals caducous, leaving an annular ring. Fl. Apr, fr. Jul–Aug.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora of China @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Shrub 2–8 m tall. Leaves coriaceous, lanceolate-oblong or obovate, 5–10 by 2–4 cm, narrowed at base, acuminate, acute or obtuse at apex, ± serrate in the upper part, entire in the lower half, glabrous; nerves 6–12 paris. Petiole 10–30 mm long. Stipules minute, subulate, deciduous. Panicles 3–10 cm long tomentose or glabrous. Calyx tomentose or glabrous; calyx lobes subulate, acute or obtuse. Petals white or pink. Stamens about 20. Ovary glabrous. Styles glabrous or pilose. Fruit globose, bluish black, 3–5 mm in diameter.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of Thailand
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 


    From sea level to 1200 m, in open evergreen forests. Flowers from December to March. Fruits in August–September.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of Thailand
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 


    Thailand, S. China (type), Taiwan, Indochina, Indonesia.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of Thailand
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 


    Local medicine (Phu Kradung, Loei). Sometime cultivated in the temperate regions for ornamental purposes.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of Thailand
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

    • Introduced distribution
    Introduced into
    • Asia-Tropical Indo-China Thailand

    Other Local Names

    kapkae (กับแก)(Northeastern)ThaiTHA
    phangki (พังกี่)(Northeastern)ThaiTHA
    khan khak (คันคาก)(Eastern)ThaiTHA
    meng sakroen (เม้งสะเกริน)(Eastern)ThaiTHA
    ahuai (อะห้วย)(Northeastern)ThaiTHA

     Information From

    e-Flora of Thailand
    Chayamarit, K. & Balslev, H. (eds.) (2019). Flora of Thailand. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.
    • A All Rights Reserved
    • B Forest Herbarium All rights reserved
    Flora of China @ efloras.org
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online Data. 2021.
    • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online Data. 2021.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Global Tree Search
    BGCI. 2022. GlobalTreeSearch online database (version 1.6). Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, UK. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.34206.61761 Available at https://tools.bgci.org/global_tree_search.php. Accessed on (15/06/2022).
    • F Botanic Gardens Conservation International
    International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources
    IUCN 2022. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2021-3. ISSN 2307-8235
    • G See IUCN Terms and conditions of use http://www.iucnredlist.org/info/terms-of-use
    World Flora Online Data. 2021.
    • H CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online Consortium
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • I CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).