Capsicum annuum L.
  • "L., Sp. Pl. 188. 1753, 1753."


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Capsicum annuum L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0001019982. Accessed on: 09 Apr 2020'

General Information

Shrubs or annual or perennial herbs, 20-80 cm tall. Stems glabrescent. Leaves solitary or paired; petiole 4-7 cm; leaf blade oblong-ovate, ovate, or ovate-lanceolate, 4-13 × 1.5-4 cm, glabrescent, base narrowed, margin entire, apex short acuminate or acute. Inflorescences solitary flowers or few-flowered clusters. Pedicel bent at apex, 1-2 cm. Calyx cup-shaped, undulate, 2-3 × 3 mm. Corolla white, ca. 1 cm. Anthers purplish, 1.8-2 mm. Berry mostly red (orange, yellow, or purple in cultivation), variously shaped, up to 15 cm. Seeds pale yellow, discoid or reniform, 3-5 mm. Fl. May-Aug, fr. Jul-Nov.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Capsicum annuum L., Sp. Pl. 188. 1753.

    Hierbas o arbustos, erectos o trepadores, ramificados, hasta 4 m de alto. Hojas solitarias o en pares, ovadas, hasta 10 cm de largo y 4 cm de ancho, ápice acuminado, base cuneada o atenuada, escasamente pubescentes; pecíolos 0.3–4 (–7) cm de largo. Flores solitarias o en pares, pedicelo 2–7 cm de largo; cáliz con umbones de hasta 0.5 mm de largo; corola 2–7 mm de largo, lobada hasta ca la 1/2 de su longitud, blanca o verdosa, sin marcas, a veces amarillenta o violeta; anteras 1.5 mm de largo. Fruto una baya mayormente globosa, ovoide o piriforme pero también de forma y tamaño variado, seca o carnosa, amarilla, roja, morada o verde; semillas de diferente tamaño, amarillas.

    Ampliamente distribuida en las tierras bajas de América tropical, pero probablemente nativa de Sudamérica, domesticada en México antes de la conquista. Las plantas con crecimiento leñoso inusual, generalmente con frutos delgados, a veces se identifican como C. frutescens. Las plantas con frutos redondeados y pericarpo más grueso a veces con coloración rosada se identifican como C. chinense (Robleto 902, 1179). Dos variedades se encuentran en Nicaragua.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Cultivated.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Stout herb 2-5 ft. high, much branched, angular, glabrous stems

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Flowers white or greenish

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Fruits red

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

     
    • Native distribution
    Specimens
    Found in
    • Southern America Brazil Acre
    • Amazonas
    • Parí
    • Rondônia
    • Roraima
    • Maranh

     Information From

    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • A Missouri Botanical Garden
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • C The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • D Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    International Union for Conservation of Nature
    https://www.iucn.org/
    IUCN 2016. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-2
    • G All Rights Reserved
    International Union for Conservation of Nature v.3
    https://www.iucnredlist.org/
    IUCN 2019. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2019-1.
    • H See IUCN Terms and conditions of use http://www.iucnredlist.org/info/terms-of-use
    SolanaceaeSource.org
    http://solanaceaesource.org/
    PBI Solanum Project. 2017. Solanaceae Source. Jan.31st, 2015. http://www.solanaceaesource.org/.
    • I All Rights Reserved
    • J CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • K CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).