Datura metel L.
  • "L., L., L., L., and L., Sp. Pl. 1: 179. 1753 [1 May 1753], 1753."


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Datura metel L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0001021339. Accessed on: 26 May 2020'

General Information

Datura metel L., Sp. Pl. 179. 1753.

Hierbas robustas y perennes o arbustos hasta 2.5 m de alto, casi glabros; tallos a veces purpúreos. Hojas ampliamente ovadas, 8–22 cm de largo y 5.5–11 cm de ancho, ápice agudo a acuminado, base cuneada o truncada, sinuado-lobadas; pecíolos 8–15 cm de largo. Pedicelos floríferos erectos, 6–10 cm de largo, doblados hacia abajo en el fruto; cáliz 5–7 cm de largo, dientes deltoides, mayormente más largos que anchos, subiguales; corola 8–20 cm de largo, con 5–10 puntas, a veces doble o triple, blanca o purpúrea; anteras ca 10 mm de largo. Cápsula ovoide, péndula, 3 cm de diámetro, cubierta de tubérculos cónicos, tardíamente dehiscente; semillas carunculadas, 3–5 mm de diámetro, cafés.

Arbusto ornamental, poco cultivado y a veces escapado, en todo el país; 0–900 m; fl sep–nov; Nee 27726, Stevens 19842; aunque se dice que es nativa de la India, es probablemente nativa de México.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    tube filling the calyx, 8-20 cm long, the limb sometimes double or triple, flaring to 3-10 cm across, sinuately 5-lobed with 5 or 10 linear teeth; filaments glabrous, sometimes connate or apically appendaged, anthers ca. 10 mm long; ovary short- conical, style glabrous. Fruit ovoid or elliptical to 4 cm long, splitting irregularly, covered with conspicuous tubercles or soft, stout teeth, 4-loculed, many seeded, nodding to somewhat upright but not strictly erect; seeds flattened, reniform, ca. 5 mm long, with a small fleshy aril.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Glabrate shrub to 2 m tall; twigs dark, purplish-colored (Panama). Leaves broadly ovate, to 15 cm long, margins subentire to repand-dentate, the base truncate or obtuse and oblique, the lamina with scattered small hairs; petioles slender, 3-8 cm long. Pedicels stout, erect or nodding, ca. 10 mm long, tardily deciduous at the base. Flowers with the calyx tubular, little or not inflated, slightly wider at base and apex, 3-8 cm long, opening by 5 subequal lobes 1-2 cm long, circumscissile near the base leaving a distinct flange 5-15 mm long, glabrous or puberulent with short, simple hairs, drying with prominent longi- tudinal veins; corolla showy white or purple, tubiform, the narrowly obconical

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    "A sp. of uncertain geographic origin, is rarely adventive in waste places. It has glabrous to subglabrous herbage, coarsely few-toothed, basally truncate to broadly cuneate lvs with a few large coarse teeth on the margins, and a 10-lobed cor-limb."

  • Provided by: [G].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Habit of the last (Datura innoxia), 2-3 ft. high

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    White or wine-purple, sometimes (in cultivation) double flowers.

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Calyx (3.5)4–7.5(8.5) × (0.8)1.1–4 cm, ± 5-angled or slightly 5-ribbed, subdensely pubescent to glabrous, sometimes hairy along margins of lobes and midvein inside, drying with prominent longitudinal nerves; tube little or not inflated and slightly wider downwards and upwards; lobes subequal, (0.4)0.7–2.4 × (0.3)0.4–0.9 cm, ovate to triangular-lanceolate, acute to long-acuminate; in fruit the flange up to 15 mm wide, appressed to the fruit or ± reflexed.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Corolla showy, white or yellow, purple or violet, sometimes purple or violet outside and whitish inside, 12–19 cm long, trumpet-shaped to ± tubular, simple or sometimes double or triple, sparsely pubescent, at least, or more densely, along the nerves, or ± glabrous; tube narrow, filling the calyx for half or a third of its length, with very short hairs scattered mainly below on the staminal region within; limb (3)6–10 cm across, sinuately 5- or 10-toothed or -lobed, the teeth or lobes ovate or ± triangular with a ± wide base and narrowing to the apex into an acute to long-acuminate tip up to 15 mm long, usually recurved, when 10, 5 shorter alternating with 5 longer ones.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Stamens (4)5, included, rarely subexserted; filaments adnate to above the middle of the corolla tube and with a few white, relatively wide, short hairs, free upwards for 3.5–5(7) cm and ± glabrous; anthers 10–17.5 mm long, linear in outline.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Ovary up to 8 × 8 mm, shortly conical, with short (or rarely longer and thinner) appendages, very shortly pubescent or ± glabrous; style 11–13(17.5) cm long, straight, glabrous.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Erect or occasionally decumbent herb or shrub, (0.2)0.6–2(3.5) m high, sometimes ± bushy, sometimes tinged purple or violet.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Seeds whitish, yellowish-brown or brown, 4–6 × 4–5 × 1.4 mm, subcircular, ovate to obovate in outline, or sometimes ± reniform, strongly thickened and longitudinally ridged at the border, finely tuberculate to almost smooth; caruncle small, fleshy.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Fruit somewhat upright to nodding, reddish-brown or purplish when ripe, 3–3.8 × 2.4–3.3 cm including spines, ovoid or ± globose, with walls up to 4 mm thick, covered with few–many, stout, conical spines 2.5–8 mm long or tubercles, densely and shortly pubescent to ± glabrous, irregularly breaking up.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Flowers solitary or rarely 2 together, terminal or lateral, at first erect, later drooping; pedicel 5–11 mm long, stout, ± densely pubescent mainly towards the base and near the calyx, in fruit elongated to 20 mm.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Leaves solitary, the upper ones often geminate; petiole 1–8 cm long; lamina membranous or papyraceous, 4–24 × 2–20 cm, broadly to narrowly ovate or ovate-lanceolate, sometimes rhombic-ovate or elliptic, base cuneate to rounded or truncate, sometimes cordate, and oblique to dimidiate, often ± decurrent into the petiole, apex obtuse to acute or acuminate, entire or sinuate to coarsely dentate or lobed with a few, irregular, broadly triangular, obtuse to acute teeth or lobes, at first densely pubescent, later sparsely pubescent, more densely so on the nerves, to glabrous, the lateral nerves extending to the margin.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Branches striate and ± sulcate, glabrous to ± densely pubescent especially when young.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Annual herb, up to 1.5 m or higher. Pedicels up to 10 mm long. Calyx up to 50 mm long. Corolla 160-180 mm long. Fruit tubercled or covered with short spines, densely short strigose-pubescent. Flowers white, yellow or purple.

  • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 12
    • ]. 

    Habit

    shrub

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Cytology

    Chromosome number: 2n=24.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    Disturbed places.

  • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 12
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Native to Europe and Asia.

  • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 12
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

     
    • Introduced distribution
    Introduced into
    • Southern America Brazil Alagoas
    • Bahia
    • Ceará
    • Maranh
    • Pernambuco
    • Piauá

      Bibliography

     Information From

    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • A The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • B
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • D All Rights Reserved
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • E Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • G Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    SolanaceaeSource.org
    http://solanaceaesource.org/
    PBI Solanum Project. 2017. Solanaceae Source. Jan.31st, 2015. http://www.solanaceaesource.org/.
    • H All Rights Reserved
    • I CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • J CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).