Datura stramonium L.
  • "L., L., L., L., and L., Sp. Pl. 1: 179. 1753 [1 May 1753], 1753."
  • Stoc an aingil


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Datura stramonium L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0001021374. Accessed on: 27 Nov 2020'

General Information

Datura stramonium L., Sp. Pl. 179. 1753.

Hierbas anuales, hasta 1 m de alto, robustas, glabras; tallos a veces purpúreos. Hojas ovadas a deltoides, 8–20 cm de largo y 5–19 cm de ancho, ápice y lobos agudos o acuminados, base cuneada o acuminada, prominentemente sinuado-lobadas o dentadas; pecíolos 3–12 cm de largo. Pedicelos floríferos erectos, 4–6 cm de largo; cáliz 3–5 cm de largo, dientes deltoides, iguales; corola 6–9 cm de largo, lobos 5, blanca, azul o malva; anteras 3–4 mm de largo. Cápsula ovoide, erecta, 3–4 cm de diámetro, copiosamente cubierta de acúleos rígidos y puntiagudos, dehiscente desde el ápice; semillas sin carúncula, 3–4 mm de diámetro, negras.

Maleza común, en pastizales y orillas de caminos, zona norcentral; mayormente 1000–1300 m; fl y fr jul–dic; Stevens 9957, 10242; aunque se dice que es nativa de la India, es probablemente nativa de México pero actualmente está ampliamente distribuida.

  • Provided by: [G].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Short-lived perennial or ephemeral herb, to 1 m tall, stems green or purplish. Leaves mostly repand-dentate, the teeth acuminate, the base often dimidiate, glabrate to pubescent with small, simple, multicelled, pulverulent hairs, the petioles less than half as long as the blades. Pedicels mostly erect, stout, 5-10 mm long. Flowers sometimes showy; calyx tubular, ca. 5 cm long, puberulent, slightly wider at the base, opening by 5 lanceolate-acuminate teeth ca. 5 mm long, circumscissile near the base leaving a distinct flange ca. 5 mm long; corolla showy, white (Panama) or purple, tubiform, 6-8 cm long, about twice as long as the calyx, the limb with 5 subulate 4-5 mm long teeth; anthers 3-4 mm long, ellipsoid. Fruit erect, ovoid, 2 cm long, covered-,with slender, stiff, ascending spines, 4-loculed, many seeded, dehiscing to near the base by the apical sutures.

  • Provided by: [I].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    "Coarse, heavy-scented, inconspicuously puberulent annual to 1.5 m, often divaricately branched; lvs petiolate, with large, coarsely few-toothed or sublobate blade to 2 × 1.5 dm; cal 3–5 cm, strongly prismatic and narrowly 5-winged, unequally 5-toothed, the persistent base 4–6 mm and spreading to reflexed; cor white or anthocyanic, 7–10 cm, the limb 3–5 cm wide, shallowly 5-lobed, each lobe with a slender, projecting tooth to 1 cm; fr erect, ovoid, 3–5 cm, generally covered with short prickles, the lower prickles often shorter than the upper (or the fr smooth); 2n=24. Dry soil and waste places; widespread in temperate and warm regions, perhaps of American origin. June–Aug. (D. tatula, with anthocyanic fls)"

  • Provided by: [K].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 13
    • ]. 

    Plant 60-120 cm or more tall, branched, pubescent; the branches often purplish. Leaves 8-17 x 4-13 cm, ovate or broadly so, sinuately dentate, minutely puberulose, cuneate. Petiole 2-5 cm long. Calyx 3.5-5.5 cm long, tubular, 5-dentate, puberulous, persistent. Lobes 6-9 mm long, strongly reflexed in fruit, apiculate. Corolla 7-10 cm long, white or purplish suffused; limb up to 8 cm broad. shallowy 5-lobed, with the lobes, ± triangular-acuminate. Anthers ± 5 mm long, with the lobes narrow oblong, usually white. Capsule erect, 3-4 cm long, ovoid, spiny and densely pubescent, splitting by 4 valves; spines up to 5 mm long. Seeds 3 mm long, reniform, reticulate-foveolate, black.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora of Pakistan
    • Source: [
    • 14
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Erect branched, annual with smooth stems 1-2 ft. or more high

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Rather slender white (D. stramonium Linn. proper) or purple-violet (D. tatula Linn. proper) flowers. The flower-colour is of no taxonomic importance.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Stamens 5, white or purple, included; filaments adnate to above the middle of the corolla tube, with short, hyaline, occasionally glandular hairs, free upwards for 1.8–3.3 cm and ± glabrous; anthers (4)5–7.5(8) mm long, elliptic or ± oblong in outline.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Ovary up to 5 × 4 mm, pyramidal or ovoid, with ± long, fleshy appendages (or smooth outside the Flora Zambesiaca area), puberulent and glandular; style 3.5–6.8(7) cm long, straight, glabrous.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Calyx 2.5–5 × 0.4–1 cm, 5-angled to 5-ribbed, ± puberulent, more densely so towards the base and on the lobes, especially at the margins inside and out, drying with somewhat prominent longitudinal nerves, the tube little or not inflated and slightly wider at the base; lobes unequal, 4–10 × 2–4 mm, triangular to lanceolate, acute to long-acuminate or cuspidate; in fruit the flange up to 13 mm wide, reflexed.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Corolla white or faintly tinged purple, sometimes becoming purple or violaceous in the tube, (4)6–10(11) cm long, narrowly tubular-infundibuliform, simple, glabrous or with a few short hairs scattered especially along the longitudinal nerves; tube filling the calyx for ± half or more of its length, with a few minute and short hairs scattered mainly below on the staminal region within; limb (1.5)3–7.5 cm across, 5(6)-lobed; lobes triangular or ovate, narrowing into a long-acuminate tip up to 15 mm long, spreading or recurved.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Flowers solitary, inserted in the forks of the branches, erect; pedicel 5–15 mm long, slender to ± stout, ± puberulent, in fruit elongating to 30 mm and stout.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Seeds dark brown to black, 3.5–4.5 × 2.5–3.3(3.5) × 1.2 mm, ± reniform, strongly thickened and alveolate at the border, finely pitted; caruncle very small, fleshy.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Fruit upright, yellowish to brown when ripe, 2.5–5 × 2–4.5 cm including spines, subglobose or ovoid to ± ellipsoid, thick-walled, densely covered with many, rather slender to occasionally stout, stiff, ascending, subequal or unequal spines up to 16 mm long (rarely unarmed elsewhere), puberulous, less abundantly on the spines, regularly breaking up downwards (and bearing a strikingly developed false dissepiment).

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Leaves solitary, occasionally geminate; petiole 1–9.5 cm long; lamina membranous or papyraceous, 3.5–20 × 1–15.5 cm, ovate or rhombic-ovate to elliptic or ± oblong to ± lanceolate, base cuneate to ± rounded, truncate or ± cordate, occasionally attenuate, and often dimidiate, sometimes decurrent into the petiole, apex ± acute or acuminate, coarsely and sharply incised-dentate to repand-dentate with irregular, obtuse to acuminate teeth, rarely ± entire, at first minutely pubescent, later sparsely so, more densely towards the base, at or near the margins and on the nerves, to ± glabrous, the lateral nerves extending to the margin.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Branches striate and ± sulcate, ± glabrous or with ± sparse hairs, more abundant on the young parts and near the nodes, and often glandular.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Erect, usually ± dichotomously branched, annual, biennial or more rarely short-lived perennial herb, sometimes ± bushy, less often a shrub, 0.2–1.5(2) m high, unpleasantly scented, green or tinged purple or violet.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    30–100 cm hoch, meist verzweigt. Stängel kahl, stumpfkantig. Blätter buchtig und grob gezähnt, spitz, kahl, bis 20 cm lang. Blüten einzeln in den Blattwinkeln, gestielt. Krone lang trichterförmig, weiss, selten hellpurpurn, 6–9 cm lang

  • Provided by: [L].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 15
    • ]. 

    Annual herb, up to 1.5 m high. Pedicels 5 mm long. Calyx 40 mm long. Corolla up to 100 mm long. Fruit over 30 mm in diameter, covered with spreading spines up to 10 mm long. Flowers white, mauve or purplish.

  • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 16
    • ]. 

    Annual herb, up to 1.5 m high; robust. Leaves petiolate; blade ovate, up to 200 mm long, margins coarsely and irregularly toothed, veins prominent, upper surface dark green or purple, paler below. Flowers: solitary; pedicels 5 mm long; calyx up to 40 mm long; corolla up to 100 mm long, with 5 prominent teeth on rim, white, mauve or purplish; Oct.-Mar. Fruit an ovoid capsule, up to 50 x 30 mm, covered with slender, spine-like outgrowths of unequal length, up to 10 mm long.

  • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 17
    • ]. 

    Habit

    herb

  • Provided by: [I].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Cytology

    Chromosome number: 2n=24.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Ecology

    6–10. Wegränder, Schuttplätze, Äcker, in warmen Lagen, kollin(-montan). Zerstreut CH.

  • Provided by: [L].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 15
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    Disturbed places; weed.

  • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 16
    • ]. 

    Vredefort Dome Savanna; Kalahari Deciduous Acacia-wooded Grassland; Dry Grassland; Mesic Grassland; Dwarf Karroid Shrubland; Zastron Moist Grassland. Disturbed places, weed.

  • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 17
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Native to North America.

  • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 16
    • ]. 

    Native to tropical America.

  • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 17
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

     
    • Introduced distribution
    Introduced into
    • Europe Northern Europe Ireland
    • Southern America Brazil Alagoas
    • Bahia
    • Ceará
    • Paraába
    • Pernambuco
    • Piauá
    • Rio Grande do Norte
    • Sergipe
    • Paraní
    • Rio Grande do Sul
    • Santa Catarina
    • Minas Gerais
    • São Paulo
    • Brazilia Distrito Federal

    Nationally Preferred Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Stoc an aingilIrishIE
    Thorn-appleEnglishIE

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Stramoine communeFrenchCH
    Stramonio comuneItalianCH
    StechapfelGermanCH

      Bibliography

     Information From

    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • A Missouri Botanical Garden
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • D All Rights Reserved
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • E
    Flora of Pakistan
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Pakistan
    Flora of Pakistan. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2020.
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • G Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • H The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • I Missouri Botanical Garden
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • J Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • K Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    http://www.flora-helvetica.ch
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz, Konrad Lauber, Gerhart Wagner, Andreas Gygax. Haupt Verlag 2018.
    • L All Rights Reserved
    Irish Vernacular Names
    https://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/plant-science/plant-science/research-staff/article/380/wyse-jackson-peter-s.aspx
    • M All Rights Reserved
    SolanaceaeSource.org
    http://solanaceaesource.org/
    PBI Solanum Project. 2017. Solanaceae Source. Jan.31st, 2015. http://www.solanaceaesource.org/.
    • N All Rights Reserved
    • O CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • P CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).