Hyoscyamus niger L.
  • "L., L., L., L., and L., Sp. Pl. 1: 179. 1753 [1 May 1753], 1753."
  • Gafann


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Hyoscyamus niger L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0001021850. Accessed on: 28 Sep 2021'

General Information

Herbs biennial, to 1 m tall, pubescent throughout with sticky glandular hairs. Roots sometimes stout, fleshy, 2-3 cm in diam. Leaves sessile, sometimes forming a rosette; blade of rosette leaves ovate-lanceolate or oblong, ca. 30 × 10 cm, coarsely dentate or pinnately lobed or parted, apex acute; blade of cauline leaves ovate or deltate-ovate, 4-10 × 2-6 cm, pubescent with sticky hairs, nearly clasping or broadly cuneate at base, lobed or entire. Flowers subsessile or on pedicels 3-5 mm. Calyx tubular-campanulate, 1-1.5 cm; lobes deltate, unequal, acute. Corolla pale yellow, usually with purple veins, campanulate, 2-3 cm. Stamens exserted. Fruiting calyx urceolate, 2-2.5 × 1-1.5 cm; lobes mostly erect, tipped with a sharp tooth. Capsules ovoid-rounded, ca. 1.5 × 1.2 cm. Seeds yellow-brown, discoid, ca. 1 mm in diam. Fl. May-Aug, fr. Jul-Oct.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    "Coarse, strong-scented biennial or annual to 1 m, conspicuously villous, especially the stem; lvs large, sessile, 5–20 × 2–14 cm, rather shallowly pinnatilobate, with unequal, triangular segments; mature cal 2.5 cm, urceolate, reticulate-veiny; cor 2.5–4.5 cm, nearly or quite as wide, prominently purple-reticulate on a pale, often greenish-yellow background, more distinctly purple in the throat; fr 1–1.5 cm, with a strongly thickened lid; 2n=34. Native of Europe, now established as a weed of roadsides and waste places in n. U.S. and s. Can., more especially westward. May–Sept. A source of hyoscyamine and scopolamine."

  • Provided by: [A].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Plants annual or biennial, up to 1.5 m tall, pubescent to hairy. Leaves sessile, 5-12.5 x 2.8-7.5 cm, ovate-oblong, sinuate to pinnately lobed, ± semi-amplexicaul, glandular-pubescent, especially on the nerves and margins. Calyx 14-16 mm long, up to 26 mm in fruit, campanulate to infundibuliform, ± urceolate in fruit, nervose, glandular-pilose; lobes triangular, aristate. Corolla (18-) 20-30 mm long, infundibuliform, pale yellow, with brown-purple nerves; lobes ± obtuse, unequal; tube glandular-pilose to the outside. Stamens subexserted, unequal. Lower part of filament pilose, purplish. Style exceeding the stamens in length, purplish. Pyxidium 11-13 mm long, ± pitcher-shaped; operculum usually of a darker colour. Seeds ± 1.2 mm long, reniform, rugose-tuberculate, brown.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora of Pakistan
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    20–80 cm hoch, einfach oder verzweigt, drüsig und zottig behaart, reichblättrig. Blätter grob buchtig gezähnt bis etwas fiederteilig, am Rand und auf den Rippen kurz behaart. Blüten einzeln in den Blattwinkeln, aufrecht, fast sitzend. Kro

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Ecology

    6–9. Wegränder, Schuttplätze, in warmen Lagen, kollin-montan(-subalpin). Zerstreut CH, v.a. VS.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

     
    • Native distribution
    Specimens
    Found in
    • Europe Northern Europe Ireland

    Nationally Preferred Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    GafannIrishIE
    HenbaneEnglishIE

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Bainne cích na n-éanIrishIE
    Giusquiamo nero, DisturboItalianCH
    Flur da santeriRaeto-RomanceCH
    Schwarzes BilsenkrautGermanCH
    DeodhaIrishIE
    Jusquiame noireFrenchCH
    Crann gafainnIrishIE
    Beann mhearIrishIE
    Caoch na gcearcIrishIE
    Deódha gafannIrishIE

      Bibliography

     Information From

    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • A Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    http://www.flora-helvetica.ch
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz, Konrad Lauber, Gerhart Wagner, Andreas Gygax. Haupt Verlag 2018.
    • B All Rights Reserved
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of Pakistan
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Pakistan
    Flora of Pakistan. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2020.
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Irish Vernacular Names
    https://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/plant-science/plant-science/research-staff/article/380/wyse-jackson-peter-s.aspx
    • E All Rights Reserved
    SolanaceaeSource.org
    http://solanaceaesource.org/
    PBI Solanum Project. 2017. Solanaceae Source. Jan.31st, 2015. http://www.solanaceaesource.org/.
    • F All Rights Reserved
    • G Solanaceaesource.org
    • H CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • I CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).