Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.
  • "Mill. and Mill., Gard. Dict., ed. 8, no. 2. 1768, 1768."

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. Published on the Internet; Accessed on: 25 Oct 2020'

General Information

Herbs annual, sprawling, 0.6-2 m tall, viscid pubescent, odorous. Petiole 2-5 cm; leaf blade mostly pinnately compound or divided, sometimes entire, 10-40 cm, base oblique, cuneate, apex obtuse; leaflets mostly 5-9, sessile or petiolulate, unequal, ovate or oblong, 5-7 cm, entire or irregularly dentate, sparingly glandular pilose. Peduncle 2-5 cm, little or not branched, often 3-7-flowered. Pedicel 1-1.5 cm. Calyx rotate-campanulate, lobes lanceolate. Corolla 2-2.5 cm in diam.; lobes narrowly oblong, 8-10 mm, often reflexed. Filaments ca. 1 mm; anthers 6-10 mm. Style ca. 1.2 cm. Berry red or orange-yellow, subglobose, fleshy, juicy, shiny. Seeds straw colored, 2-4 mm, pilose. Fl. May-Sep, fr. Sep-Nov.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora Of CHina @
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Lycopersicon esculentum Mill., Gard. Dict., ed. 8, Lycopersicon no. 2. 1768; Solanum lycopersicum L.; L. lycopersicum (L.) H. Karst.

    Hierbas erectas o escandentes, hasta 80 cm de alto, inermes, viscosas. Hojas mayormente pinnadas o pinnatisectas, ovadas, los folíolos 8–20 cm de largo y 4–12 cm de ancho, ápice y lobos agudos o acuminados, base cuneada o acuminada, dentado-lobadas, haz escasamente pubescente; pecíolos 3–7 cm de largo. Inflorescencias racimos cortos o alargados, a veces ramificados, mayormente en las dicotomías del tallo o en los nudos de las hojas, pedunculadas, pedicelo 1–3 cm de largo, flores actinomorfas, 5–9-meras; cáliz lobado casi hasta la base, lobos 4–6 mm de largo, apicalmente agudos y apiculados; corola rotácea, amarilla brillante, profundamente 5–9-lobada, lobos 3–4 cm de largo; estambres 5–9, insertos cerca de la base del tubo, filamentos basalmente tomentosos, anteras oblongas con ápices delgados estériles unidos en una columna, amarillas, longitudinalmente dehiscentes por dentro del tubo; ovario 3–5-locular, el estilo basalmente pubescente. Fruto una baya roja y jugosa; semillas numerosas, discoides, 3 mm de diámetro, pubescentes, amarillas, con el embrión enrollado.

    Ampliamente distribuida en las tierras bajas de América tropical, cultivada en las regiones tropicales y templadas, a veces escasamente naturalizada. Aunque las flores de esta especie son mayormente 5–9-meras, otras especies silvestres del género son generalmente 5-meras. Dos variedades se encuentran en Nicaragua. El género consta de 8 especies nativas del oeste de Sudamérica. "Tomate".

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Sprawling ephemeral herbs to 1 m long, viscid-pubescent and, strongly aromatic. Leaves to 25 cm long and 20 cm broad, broadly ovate, mostly pin- natisect, the lobes on petiolules often toothed, alternating with minor interstitial leaflets; petioles 2-5 cm long; minor leaves often large and conspicuous, often in pairs. Inflorescence lateral, few-to-several-flowered, the peduncles to 7 cm long, pedicels articulating in the lower half; flowers (5-)6-9-merous. Flowers with the calyx accrescent and reflexed in fruit; corolla yellow, 6-9 mm long; filament flattened dorsally, anthers 11-14 mm long, coherent into a stout tube; ovary with some minute, erect, simple hairs, the stigma included. Fruit a large, red or yellow, juicy berry to several cm in diameter, the placenta fleshy and much ramified. Seeds 2-3 mm in diameter, discoid, compressed and thick-winged, yellow, the surface appearing smooth but if cleaned then evidently pilose.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    "Sprawling and freely branched, clammy-pubescent annual (potentially perennial but tender); lvs pinnately or bipinnately compound, to 3 dm, the lfls variable, the larger ovate or lanceolate, toothed or shallowly lobed; fls yellow, 1 cm wide; fr very juicy, several cm thick, in most cultivars scarlet; 2n=24, 48. Native to the Andes, widely cult.; seedlings frequently appear about gardens, roadsides, and waste places, but do not persist. July–Sept."

  • Provided by: [D].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 



  • Provided by: [B].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

     Information From

    Flora Of CHina @
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • A Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Panama
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Nicaragua
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • D Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    PBI Solanum Project. 2017. Solanaceae Source. Jan.31st, 2015.
    • E All Rights Reserved
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).