Nicotiana tabacum L.
  • Sp. Pl. 180. 1753.
  • fumo


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2022): Nicotiana tabacum L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0001023987. Accessed on: 30 Nov 2022'

General Information

Herbs viscid, annual or short-lived perennial, 0.7-2 m tall, glandular hairy overall. Leaves decurrent, winging stems; leaf blade ovate to elliptic or lanceolate, 30(-70) × 8-15(-30) cm, membranous, glandular hairy, base narrowed, nearly half clasping, apex acuminate. Inflorescences many-flowered, much-branched panicles. Pedicel 0.5-2 cm. Calyx tubular or tubular-campanulate, 2-2.5 cm; lobes deltate, acuminate, unequal. Corolla yellowish at base, yellowish, greenish, red, or pink distally, funnelform, 3.5-5 cm; limb 1-1.5 cm in diam., with acute unequal lobes. Stamens unequal, sometimes partly exserted. Capsules ellipsoid or ovoid. Seeds brown, rounded, ca. 0.5 mm in diam. Fl. summer, fr. autumn.

  • Provided by: [J].Flora of China @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Nicotiana tabacum L., Sp. Pl. 180. 1753.

    Hierbas robustas y erectas, hasta 3 m de alto, víscido-pubescentes, inermes. Hojas simples, ovadas, 8–50 cm de largo y 5–20 cm de ancho, ápice agudo o acuminado, decurrentes pero estrechas justo encima de la base, enteras, apareciendo pecioladas y estipuladas. Inflorescencias panículas terminales de hasta 30 cm de largo, pedúnculos presentes, pedicelos hasta 2 cm de largo, bracteados y bracteolados, flores ligeramente zigomorfas, 5-meras; cáliz campanulado, 10–18 mm de largo, lobado 1/3–1/4 de su longitud, persistente, lobos desiguales, agudos o acuminados; corola hipocrateriforme, 4–6 cm de largo, pubescente por fuera, blanca, rosada o roja, el tubo angosto, 2.5–3 cm de largo y ensanchándose hacia arriba, el limbo campanulado, ca 1 cm de diámetro en la boca, lobos puntiagudos; estambres 4, subiguales, 1 más corto, filamentos insertos por abajo de la parte media del tubo, basalmente pubescentes, anteras oblongas, 6 mm de largo, versátiles, exertas, dehiscencia longitudinal; ovario en un disco hipógino, angostamente cónico, 2-locular, estigma globoso, ligeramente exerto. Fruto una cápsula elipsoide, 1.5–2 cm de largo, papirácea, dehiscente apicalmente, mayormente envuelta por el cáliz; semillas numerosas, subglobosas, 0.6–0.8 mm de diámetro, con el embrión linear y ligeramente doblado.

    Planta narcótica cultivada, rara vez escapada, zonas pacífica y norcentral; 0–1300 m; fl mayormente jul–oct; Moreno 22367, Stevens 10159; nativa de Sudamérica, actualmente cultivada en todo el mundo. Género con ca 80 especies de México, Sudamérica, Australia y Africa. "Tabaco".

    T.H. Goodspeed. The genus Nicotiana. Chron. Bot. 16: i–536. 1954.

  • Provided by: [L].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 11
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    Stout, erect, viscid ephemeral or short-lived perennial to 3 m tall; stems stout, sparingly branched, very leafy. Leaves large, to 50 cm long, elliptic or obovate, apically acute or acuminate, basally narrowed into a winged petiole and expanded to give the appearance of 2 foliaceous stipules, the petiole and its foliose wings decurrent on the stem. Inflorescence a large, many-flowered, open, terminal panicle to 30 cm long with clasping bracts and linear to foliaceous bracteoles; pedicels slender, erect or nodding, to 2 cm long, mostly erect in fruit. Flowers with the calyx campanulate-tubular, 10-18 mm long, irregularly lobed ca. 'A the way down, the lobes acute, the tube slightly accrescent; corolla variously pastel colored, obconic with an expansion about 2/3 the way up, ca. 1 cm broad at the mouth, the lobes pointed, the top 2-3 cm across; 4 stamens subequal, one somewhat shorter, the filaments inserted equally at the base of the corolla throat, pubescent except near the apex; stigma globose-capitate, somewhat exserted. Capsule exserted about 1/2 the way from the calyx (or included, Goodspeed), 15-20 mm long, ovoid, the main openings septicidal; seeds globose or ellipsoid; ca. 0.5 mm long, ridged, brown; embryo straight.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 12
    • ]. 

    N. rustica L., a smaller sp. (to 1 m) with fls 1.5–2 cm, the wide tube dilated from below the top of the cal, the limb greenish-yellow, was cult. by Amerindians, but is now very rare or extinct in our range.

  • Provided by: [E].Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern US and Canada
    • Source: [
    • 14
    • ]. 

    Plant up to 1 m tall, viscid-pubescent. Leaves cauline, 24-40 x 13-25 cm, oblong to broadly elliptic-ovate, cuneate or ± auricled, texture thin. Flowers pink, in axillary and terminal compact corymboid panicles. Calyx 10-12 mm long, oblong, persistent in fruit; lobes unequal. Corolla tube 3.5-4.6 cm long, glandular-hairy without; limb up to 15 cm broad, lobes acute to apiculate. Anthers 3 mm long, oblong; filaments ± 3.5 cm long. Capsule 20 mm long, oblong-ovoid. Seeds less than 1 mm long, angled, minutely ruminate, brown.

  • Provided by: [K].Flora of Pakistan
    • Source: [
    • 17
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    Diagnostic Description

    Petioles winged and expanded to resemble leafy stipules, these decurrent on the stem.

  • Provided by: [H].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 15
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    Morphology

    Tallo: planta(s) erecta(s). Hoja: limbo ovado(s)/elíptico(s)/oblanceolado(s)/lanceado(s). Inflorescencia: forma tirso(s) paniculado(s). Flor: cáliz campanulada(s)/cupuliforme(s)/subcilíndrico(s); corola color limbo blanco/rosado/rosa. Fruto: cápsula(s) oval(es)/orbicular(es)/elíptica(s). Semilla: forma reniforme(s).

  • Provided by: [D].Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Stem: plant erect. Leaf: limb ovate/elliptic/oblanceolate/lanceate. Inflorescence: form thyrse paniculate. Flower: calyx campanulate/cupuliform/subcylindrical; corolla colour limb white/pinkish/pink. Fruit: capsule ovate/orbicular/elliptic. Seed: form reniform.

  • Provided by: [D].Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Caule: planta(s) ereta(s). Folha: limbo ovado(s)/elíptico(s)/oblanceolado(s)/lanceado(s). Inflorescência: forma tirso(s) paniculado(s). Flor: cálice(s) campanulado(s)/cupuliforme(s)/subcilíndrico(s); corola cor limbo branco/rosado/rosa. Fruto: cápsula(s) oval(ais)/orbicular(es)/elíptica(s). Semente: forma reniforme(s).

  • Provided by: [D].Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Long tubular white, pinkish, or sometimes cream flowers, viscid-glandular outside.

  • Provided by: [I].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    Robust annual up to 6 ft. high

  • Provided by: [I].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Corolla pale greenish to white, sometimes pink to red in upper half or pinkish only at the margins of the lobes, 3–8 cm long, tubular-infundibuliform to salviform; tube straight or scarcely curved, dilated in upper part, 3–9 mm wide distally, not or very slightly constricted under the limb, viscid, puberulent outside; limb 3–10(12) mm long, (8)10–25(30) mm across, lobed to subentire; lobes 3–10 × 3–10 mm, broadly triangular to ovate, acuminate to acute or obtuse-apiculate, ± spreading.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Zambesiaca - descriptions
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Calyx 8–25 × 3.5–8 mm, tubular or tubular-campanulate, viscid, glandular and shortly hairy; lobes unequal to equal, 2.5–13 × 1.5–5 mm, triangular to narrowly lanceolate or subulate-acicular, acute to long-acuminate, somewhat ciliate; in fruit somewhat enlarged to 25 × 15 mm and enclosing it or not.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Zambesiaca - descriptions
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Flowers often many, erect to nodding, in broad, loose, flat, sometimes rounded at the top, several–much-branched, spreading, glandular-pubescent, paniculiform inflorescences up to 23 cm long, terminal and axillary; bracts foliaceous, clasping; bracteoles small, linear to foliaceous, often ephemeral; pedicels (2)5–17 mm long, slender, later markedly thickened distally and 10–20 mm long, ± erect in fruit.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Zambesiaca - descriptions
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Leaves green or brownish, not glaucous, puberulent to ± hairy and viscid on both sides; lamina of stem leaves basally narrowed into a winged petiole and expanded to resemble 2 leafy stipules, the petiole and its foliose wings decurrent on the stem; lower leaves often in a sparse rosette, up to 50 × 26 cm (elsewhere said to reach 150 cm in length), obovate or spathulate to elliptic or ovate, occasionally lanceolate, apex obtuse to acute; upper ones solitary, with lamina (3.5)5–21.5(39.5) × (1)1.5–8(17) cm, narrowly lanceolate to ovate or elliptic, occasionally obovate, apex long-acuminate to acute, entire or sometimes undulate.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Zambesiaca - descriptions
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Fruit ± erect, brownish, 10–20 × 7–15 mm, narrowly ellipsoid, ovoid or globose, with a short apical beak, thin-walled, glabrous, splitting above into 2 valves by septicidal slits, each one later 2-fid.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Zambesiaca - descriptions
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Ovary 3–7 × 2–3.5 mm, conic or ovoid, glabrous; style 2.5–6 mm long, straight, glabrous.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Zambesiaca - descriptions
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Disk to c. 0.8 mm high, thick, coalescent to the basal part of the ovary, deeply lobed.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Zambesiaca - descriptions
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Stamens unequal, one somewhat shorter than the other 4, usually included, sometimes slightly exserted; filaments (1)2–3.5 cm long, attached at or near the base of the corolla dilation, shortly hairy at the base and on the decurrent ridges, sometimes to near the apex, erect; anthers 2–3 × 1–1.5 mm.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Zambesiaca - descriptions
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Branches herbaceous, ± terete.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Zambesiaca - descriptions
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Seeds brown, 0.7–0.8 × 0.4–0.6 mm, globose or ellipsoid, wrinkled.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Zambesiaca - descriptions
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Annual to short-lived perennial herb (0.5)0.6–1.5 m tall (elsewhere said to reach 3 m), somewhat bushy below, somewhat viscid, shortly glandular-pubescent.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Zambesiaca - descriptions
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    80–150(–200) cm hoch, meist kurzdrüsig behaart. Untere Blätter eilanzettlich, bis über 50 cm lang, ganzrandig, sitzend, herablaufend, die obersten lineal. Blüten in endständigen, rispigen Blütenständen. Krone vorn rosa, gegen den Grund gelbgrün,

  • Provided by: [G].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 13
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    Annual to short-lived perennial herb (0.5)0.6-1.5 m tall (elsewhere said to reach 3 m), somewhat bushy below, somewhat viscid, shortly glandular-pubescent. Branches herbaceous, ± terete. Leaves green or brownish, not glaucous, puberulent to ± hairy and viscid on both sides; lamina of stem leaves basally narrowed into a winged petiole and expanded to resemble 2 leafy stipules, the petiole and its foliose wings decurrent on the stem; lower leaves often in a sparse rosette, up to 50 x 26 cm (elsewhere said to reach 150 cm in length), obovate or spathulate to elliptic or ovate, occasionally lanceolate, apex obtuse to acute; upper ones solitary, with lamina (3.5)5-21.5(39.5) x (1)1.5-8(17) cm, narrowly lanceolate to ovate or elliptic, occasionally obovate, apex long-acuminate to acute, entire or sometimes undulate. Flowers often many, erect to nodding, in broad, loose, flat, sometimes rounded at the top, several-much-branched, spreading, glandular-pubescent, paniculiform inflorescences up to 23 cm long, terminal and axillary; bracts foliaceous, clasping; bracteoles small, linear to foliaceous, often ephemeral; pedicels (2)5-17 mm long, slender, later markedly thickened distally and 10-20 mm long, ± erect in fruit. Calyx 8-25 x 3.5-8 mm, tubular or tubular-campanulate, viscid, glandular and shortly hairy; lobes unequal to equal, 2.5-13 x 1.5-5 mm, triangular to narrowly lanceolate or subulate-acicular, acute to long-acuminate, somewhat ciliate; in fruit somewhat enlarged to 25 x 15 mm and enclosing it or not. Corolla pale greenish to white, sometimes pink to red in upper half or pinkish only at the margins of the lobes, 3-8 cm long, tubular-infundibuliform to salviform; tube straight or scarcely curved, dilated in upper part, 3-9 mm wide distally, not or very slightly constricted under the limb, viscid, puberulent outside; limb 3-10(12) mm long, (8)10-25(30) mm across, lobed to subentire; lobes 3-10 x 3-10 mm, broadly triangular to ovate, acuminate to acute or obtuse-apiculate, ± spreading. Stamens unequal, one somewhat shorter than the other 4, usually included, sometimes slightly exserted; filaments (1)2-3.5 cm long, attached at or near the base of the corolla dilation, shortly hairy at the base and on the decurrent ridges, sometimes to near the apex, erect; anthers 2-3 x 1-1.5 mm. Disk to c. 0.8 mm high, thick, coalescent to the basal part of the ovary, deeply lobed. Ovary 3-7 x 2-3.5 mm, conic or ovoid, glabrous; style 2.5-6 mm long, straight, glabrous. Fruit ± erect, brownish, 10-20 x 7-15 mm, narrowly ellipsoid, ovoid or globose, with a short apical beak, thin-walled, glabrous, splitting above into 2 valves by septicidal slits, each one later 2-fid. Seeds brown, 0.7-0.8 x 0.4-0.6 mm, globose or ellipsoid, wrinkled.

  • Provided by: [H].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 15
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    Viscid annual or perennial herb, 0.9-3.0 m high. Leaves ovate to lanceolate, sessile. Corolla tube 12-18 mm long, dilated throat 25-40 mm long, limb 25 mm across, shallowly acuminately lobed. Flowers greenish cream to pink or red.

  • Provided by: [H].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 16
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    Cytology

    Chromosome number: 2n=48.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Zambesiaca - descriptions
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Ecology

    7–10. Schuttplätze, als Zier- und Nutzpflanze in vielen Sorten angebaut und selten verwildert, kollin.

  • Provided by: [G].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 13
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    Escape from cultivation.

  • Provided by: [H].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 16
    • ]. 

    Riversides and -beds, old cultivated ground, waste places.

  • Provided by: [H].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 15
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Originally South America, now cultivated in many parts of the world. Rarely naturalized in South Africa: Limpopo, KwaZulu-Natal, Western and Eastern Cape. Also garden ornamental.

  • Provided by: [H].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 15
    • ]. 

    Native to tropical America.

  • Provided by: [H].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 16
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

     
    • Introduced distribution
    Specimens
    Introduced into
    • Southern America Brazil Amazonas
    • Parí
    • Bahia
    • Paraába
    • Pernambuco
    • Paraní
    • Rio Grande do Sul
    • Santa Catarina
    • Espirito Santo
    • Minas Gerais
    • Rio de Janeiro
    • São Paulo
    • Brazilia Distrito Federal
    • Goiás

    Synonyms

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    fumoPortuguese
    Virginischer TabakGermanCH
    Tabacco VirginiaItalianCH
    TabacFrenchCH
    Tabac da VirginiaRaeto-RomanceCH
    tabacoPortuguese

      Bibliography

     Information From

    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • A Missouri Botanical Garden
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Zambesiaca - descriptions
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • C
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    https://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
    The Brazilian Flora Group (2018): Brazilian Flora 2020. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2175-7860201869402 Dataset/Checklist: https://ckan.jbrj.gov.br/dataset/thebrazilfloragroup_feb2018
    • D Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern US and Canada
    https://www.nybg.org/
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • E Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    http://www.flora-helvetica.ch
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz, Konrad Lauber, Gerhart Wagner, Andreas Gygax. Haupt Verlag 2018.
    • G All Rights Reserved
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • H All Rights Reserved
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • I The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    Flora of China @ efloras.org
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • J Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of Pakistan
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Pakistan
    Flora of Pakistan. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2020.
    • K Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    W. D. Stevens, C. Ulloa Ulloa, A. Pool & O. M. Montiel. 2001–. Flora de Nicaragua, Tropicos Project. Loaded from Tropicos Project: October 2017
    • L Missouri Botanical Garden
    Solanaceae
    Solanaceae. World Flora Online Data. 2022.
    • M All Rights Reserved
    • N CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online Consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • O CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).