Solanum melissarum Bohs
  • "(S. ) Bohs et al., Taxon 44: 584. 1995., 1995."

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Solanum melissarum Bohs. Published on the Internet; Accessed on: 22 Oct 2020'

General Information

Small tree 1-6 m tall. Stems glabrous to densely pubescent-pilose with curled eglandular hairs ca. 1-2 mm long.
Sympodial units 4-foliate.
Leaves simple, the blades 3-18 x 1.5-7 cm, 1.5-3 (-4) times as long as wide, chartaceous to membranaceous, elliptic to ovate, sparsely to moderately pubescent-pilose adaxially, glabrous to densely pubescent-pilose abaxially; base cuneate, truncate, or rounded, without basal lobes; margin entire; apex acuminate; petioles 0.5-2 cm, glabrous to densely pubescent-pilose.
Inflorescences 5-30 cm, unbranched, with 4-20 (-30) flowers, all flowers perfect, the axes glabrous to densely pubescent-pilose; peduncle 2-6.5 cm; rachis 3-27 cm; pedicels (10-) 15-25 mm, 20-35 mm in fruit, spaced (1-) 4-15 (-30) mm apart, articulated near the base, leaving pedicellar remnants up to 1 (-2) mm long.
Buds ovoid, acute or obtuse at apex. Flowers with the calyx radius 3-7 mm, the lobes (1.5) 3-6 x 1.5-2 mm, triangular, acute at tips, often dentate at base, chartaceous, moderately pubescent-pilose. Corollas 2.5-3.5 cm in diameter, the radius 10-22 mm, (stellate-) campanulate, chartaceous to membranaceous, white, green, or purplish, the tube 3-4 mm, the lobes 7-19 x 3-5 mm, narrowly triangular, acute at apices, sparsely to densely pubescent-pilose abaxially, glabrous to sparsely pubescent adaxially, the margin tomentose to ciliate with hairs up to 1 mm long. Anther thecae 7-8 x 1.5-2 mm, lanceolate, connivent, yellow, white, or purplish, the pores directed abaxially; connective 8-9 mm x 2-3 mm wide at base, broad at base, abruptly constricted 1-2 mm above base, abaxially slightly shorter than thecae at apex, exceeding them at base by 1 mm, absent adaxially, purple. Ovary glabrous; style 6-9 x 0.5-1 mm, about equal to or exserted ca. 1-2 mm beyond stamens, cylindrical, glabrous; stigma truncate.
Fruits 2.5-5.5 x 1-3 cm, ellipsoidal, somewhat flattened laterally, obtuse or somewhat acute at apex, light green with dark green longitudinal stripes, glabrous (occasionally minutely puberulent); stone cell aggregates smooth, oval, ca. 3-5 x 3 mm.
Seeds ca. 2-4 x 1-3 mm, flattened, reticulate.

  • Provided by: [F]
    • Distribution

      Primary or secondary forest, often in Araucaria groves, coastal rain forest region of southeastern Brazil in the states of Bahia, Espírito Santo, Minas Gerais, Paraiba, Paraná, Rio de Janeiro, Santa Catarina, and São Paulo at elevations of 50-800 m.

    • Provided by: [F]
      • Genetics

        nuclear ITS sequence: GenBank AY523926 (voucher: Bohs 2476, UT)

      • Provided by: [F]
        • Distribution Map

          • Native distribution
          Found in
          • Southern America Brazil Alagoas
          • Bahia
          • Paraába
          • Pernambuco
          • Sergipe
          • Paraní
          • Santa Catarina
          • Espirito Santo
          • Minas Gerais
          • Rio de Janeiro
          • São Paulo


          • 1 (S. ) Bohs et al., Taxon 44: 584. 1995., 1995.

           Information From

          Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020

          Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
          • A Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
          Global Tree Search

          BGCI. 2018. GlobalTreeSearch online database. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, U.K. Available at Accessed on 30/11/2018.
          • B Botanic Gardens Conservation International
          International Union for Conservation of Nature

          IUCN 2016. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-2
          • C All Rights Reserved
          International Union for Conservation of Nature v.3

          IUCN 2019. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2019-1.
          • D See IUCN Terms and conditions of use

          PBI Solanum Project. 2017. Solanaceae Source. Jan.31st, 2015.
          • E All Rights Reserved
          • F
          • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
          World Flora Online consortium

          World Flora Online Data. 2018.
          • H CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).