Pelargonium denticulatum Jacq.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Pelargonium denticulatum Jacq. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0001064216. Accessed on: 27 Oct 2021'

Diagnostic Description

Erect, much-branched, balm-scented, viscid shrub. Lamina pinnatisect to palmatisect with pinnatisect segments, segments narrow and adaxially grooved, apices acute, apices of teeth acute, sparsely strigose. Peduncles distinctly articulated, pseudo-umbels with 3-9 flowers each. Flowers relatively small, pinkish-purple, pedicel shorter than hypanthium. Inflorescence and floral characters indicate a very close relationship between P. denticulatum and P. glutinosum (Jacq.) L'Herit. The leaves of these two species are both viscid and they have the same balm scent. However, the leaves of P. glutinosum are less divided (pinnatisect) and the leaf segments consequently much wider than those of P. denticulatum. The leaves of P. denticulatum could also be confused with those of P. radens H.E. Moore. The differences between the leaves of these two species are tabulated under P. radens.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Erect, much-branched, balm-scented, viscid shrub, up to 2 m high and 1 m in diameter. Stems herbaceous when young but soon becoming woody, villous to hirsute and with numerous glandular hairs interspersed, dark green and sometimes flushed with purple, becoming brown with age. Leaves sparsely strigose but densely beset with glandular hairs, green; lamina pinnatisect to palmatisect with pinnatisect segments, base cordate, (40-)60-80(-100) x (45-)70-90(-110) mm, segments narrow and adaxially grooved, apices acute, margins irregularly denticulate, apices of teeth acute; petiole (25-)50-60(-90) mm long; stipules asymmetric-triangular, ±6 x 2-5 mm. Inflorescence: flowering branches with normal and smaller foliar leaves; peduncles 20-60 mm long, distinctly articulated at distal and proximal ends in infructescences, sparsely villous to villous and with numerous glandular hairs interspersed; involucral bracts lanceolate to ovate, acuminate, indumentum as on peduncles, 4-7 x 2-3 mm; pseudo-umbels with 3-7(-9) flowers each. Pedicel 1-2 mm long. Hypanthium 4-9 mm long, indumentum as on peduncles. Sepals lanceolate, acuminate, indumentum abaxially as on peduncles, green with a reddish-brown tint, 8-10 x 2-4 mm. Petals pinkish-purple; posterior two spathulate to obovate, apices obtuse to emarginate, with dark red to purple markings, reflexed at ±90°, ±20 x 6 mm; anterior three spathulate with narrow claws, reflexed at less than 90°, ±14 x 4 mm. P. denticulatum flowers between April and November with a peak in September, and occasionally as late as the following January.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Aromatic shrub to 1 m. Leaves finely 2- or 3-pinnatisect, sticky, hard, ± 8 cm diam. Flowers to 9 on short, axillary peduncles, ± 20 mm diam., pinkish purple, subsessile; hypanthium 4-9 mm long.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    As in the case of so many other representatives of the section Pelargonium, this species is confined to mountains or their immediate vicinity, where the microclimate is considerably moister than in the neighbouring lower-lying areas. It is usually found in ravines and near streams. Its distribution area receives most of the rainfall during the winter months. Exact rainfall and temperature records for these mountainous areas are not yet available.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Ravines near streams.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    P. denticulatum occurs in the south-western and southern Cape and it is known from Algeria near Clanwilliam south-eastwards to Baviaanskloof near Willowmore.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Langeberg: Herbertsdale.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

      Bibliography

    • 1 Van der Walt, JJA. 1985. A taxonomic revision of the type section of Pelargonium L'Hérit. (Geraniaceae). Bothalia 15(3 & 4): 345 - 385.
    • 2 Vorster, PJ. 2012. Geraniaceae: Pelargonium L'Hér. 587 - 598. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

     Information From

    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • A All Rights Reserved
    Geraniaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • B CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • C CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).