Lindera benzoin (L.) Blume
  • Mus. Bot.
  • Spicebush, Benjamin bush

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Lindera benzoin (L.) Blume. Published on the Internet; Accessed on: 22 Oct 2021'

General Information

Shrubs or small trees , to 5 m. Young twigs glabrous or sparsely pubescent. Leaves horizontal to ascending, strongly aromatic (spicy) throughout growing season; petiole ca. 10 mm, glabrous or pubescent. Leaf blade obovate, smaller blades generally elliptic, (4-)6-15 × 2-6 cm, membranous, base cuneate, margins ciliate, apex rounded to acuminate on larger leaves; surfaces abaxially glabrous to densely pubescent, adaxially glabrous except for a few hairs along midrib. Drupe oblong, ca. 10 mm; fruiting pedicels of previous season not persistent on stem, slender, 3-5 mm, apex not conspicuously enlarged. 2 n = 24.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora of North America @
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    "Much-branched shrub to 5 m; lvs obovate to oblong or elliptic, 6–12 cm, pointed at both ends, pinnately veined, the uppermost lvs on each twig commonly the largest;petioles 5–12 mm; fls yellow, 6–7 mm wide, appearing before the lvs in dense clusters ca 2 cm thick from the nodes of last year’s stems; fr short-stalked, red, ellipsoid, 6–10 mm; 2n=24. Abundant in rich, moist woods; s. Me. to Mich., s. to Fla. and Tex. Mar.–May. (Benzoin aestivale) The northern var. benzoin, with the lvs and twigs glabrous, extends s. to Va. and Mo., and in the mts. to Ga. The more southern var. pubescens (E. J. Palmer & Steyerm.) Rehder, with the lower lf surfaces and young twigs hairy, extends n. to se. Va., s. O., sw. Mich., and Mo."

  • Provided by: [F].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Other Local Names

    Spicebush, Benjamin bush


     Information From

    Flora of North America @
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • A Flora of North America Association
    International Union for Conservation of Nature v.3
    IUCN 2019. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2019-1.
    • B See IUCN Terms and conditions of use
    Global Tree Search
    BGCI. 2018. GlobalTreeSearch online database. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, U.K. Available at Accessed on 30/11/2018.
    • C Botanic Gardens Conservation International
    International Union for Conservation of Nature
    IUCN 2016. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-2
    • D All Rights Reserved
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • F Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    World Flora Online consortium
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).