Equisetum ramosissimum Desf.
  • Fl. Atlant.
  • Polikubu


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Equisetum ramosissimum Desf. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0001107314. Accessed on: 22 Oct 2021'

General Information

Plants small to medium-sized. Rhizome erect, creeping, or ascending, blackish brown, nodes and roots with few to numerous long yellowish brown trichomes or glabrous. Aerial stem perennial, monomorphic, green, 20-60 cm tall, 1-7 mm in diam. at middle, lower portion of main stem often branched, tufted; internodes 2-10 cm; young whorled branches conspicuous or inconspicuous; main stem 5-20-ridged, ridges arc-shaped abaxially, with a row of tubercles or small light brown cross grains; sheath tubes narrow, up to 1 cm, lower portion grayish green, upper portion usually grayish brown; sheath teeth 5-22, grayish white to light or blackish brown, deltoid, base flat or arc-shaped, margin (sometimes upper part) membranous, caducous or persistent, with conspicuous or inconspicuous stomatal bands. Lateral branches hard, terete, 5-12-ridged; ridge glabrous or with 1 row of tubercles or small pale cross grains; sheath teeth 5-10, upper portion brown, lanceolate, leathery but membranous at margin, usually persistent. Strobilus shortly clavate or ellipsoid, 0.5-2.5 cm, 0.4-0.7 cm in diam. at middle, apex with small acute tip, sessile. 2n = 216.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Subspecies 2 (1 in the flora): North America, Europe, Asia, Africa, Pacific Islands.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Cones up to 1.8 x 0.5 cm., with a blunt conical apex; sporangiophores 1–1.5 mm. in diam.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Branches produced at the nodes up to 14 in each whorl, up to 13 cm. long, c. 1–1.5 mm. in diam.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Subterranean stems black, up to 3 mm. in diam., horizontal to erect, bearing roots and aerial stems up to 2 m. high with primary axis erect up to 5 mm. in diam., conspicuously longitudinally ribbed, with whorls of up to 14 scale leaves up to 1.1 cm. long, fused for most of their length, ending in free acuminate teeth up to 2 mm. long, often turning black with age, the apical portions frequently broken off.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Fertile und sterile Stängel gleich gestaltet, 30–90 cm hoch und 2–8 mm dick, mit langen Seitentrieben. Scheiden einfarbig oder oben bräunlich, mit 8–20 Zähnen, diese mit pfriemenförmiger, weisser, zuletzt abfallender Spitze. Sporan

  • Provided by: [D].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Subterranean stems horizontal to erect, black, bearing roots. Aerial stems up to 2 m high, conspicuously ribbed. Leaves reduced to a many-toothed, short sheath. Sporangiophores in compact strobili, terminal on stems, sporangia numerous.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Plants terrestrial. Rhizome subterranean, jointed, 3-6 mm in diameter, roots borne in whorls at the nodes. Stems erect, to 1.5 m tall, to 5 mm in diameter, branches borne in whorls at the nodes, up to 14 in each whorl, to 130 mm long, to 1.5 mm in diameter, main stem and branches ridged, bearing silicaceous tubercules or bands, with regular rows of paracytic sunken stomata in the sulci, in cross section with a prominent central canal and small vallecular (under sinuses) and carinal (under ridges) canals. Leaves membranous to thinly chartaceous, each with a single central vein, whorled, fused into a nodal sheath, to 11 mm long, ending in acuminate teeth, to 2 mm long, turning black with age, margins hyaline, estomate. Sporangia elongate, thin-walled, dehiscing longitudinally, borne on stalked, peltate sporangiophores forming a strobilus terminally on a main stem or branch, to 18 mm long, to 5 mm in diameter, each sporangiophore bears 6-9 sporangia. Spores spheroidal, chlorophyllose, with 4 spathulate hygroscopic elaters.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Perennial with underground rhizome. Aerial stems erect and hollow forming distinct internodes, ribbed, leaves reduced to a short, papery sheath of fused teeth at each node. Strobili terminal on branches.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Perennial with branched underground rhizome. Aerial stems erect, hollow, ribbed, branches borne in whorls at nodes, leaves fused, forming a reduced papery whorl at each node. Strobili terminal on branches.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Subterranean stems horizontal to erect, black, up to 8 mm in diameter, bearing roots. Aerial stems up to 2 m high with primary axis erect, conspicuously longitudinally ribbed, up to 5 mm in diameter with whorls of up to 14 scale leaves up to 11 mm long, fused for most of their length, ending in free acuminate teeth up to 2 mm long, often turning black with age, apical portions frequently broken off. Branches produced at nodes, up to 14 in each whorl, up to 130 x 1-1.5 mm. Strobili up to 23 x 8 mm, with a blunt conical apex; sporangiophores 1-1.5 mm in diameter.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    10-70 cm boyunda çokyıllık otsu bitkiler. Rizomlar sürünücü, dik veya yükselici, siyah veya koyu kahverengi, tüysüz veya tüylü, tüyler sarımsı kahverengi. Ana gövde çokyıllık, tek biçimli, 0,3- 0,7 cm çapında, yeşil, 8-20 oluklu; kın yeşil, 0,4-1 cm uzunluğunda, uçta belirgin siyah bantlı; dişler gövdedeki oluk sayısı kadar, üç-köşeli, sivri, siyah, 1 omurgalı, kenarları ince zarımsı, kalıcı. Yan gövdeler dallanmamış, yeşil, 3-15 cm uzunluğunda, 4-8 oluklu. Ana gövdedeki öz boşluğu gövdenin 2/3’ü kadar. Kozalak kahverengi, yeşil gövdenin ucunda tek, tersyumurtamsı veya eliptik, 0,5-2,5 × 0,4-0,7 cm.

  • Provided by: [G].Resimli Türkiye Florası (the Illustrated Flora of Turkey)
    • Ecology

      5–6. Sandige, trockene Böden an Flussufern, kollin-montan. AS, seltener M, J und AN.

    • Provided by: [D].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
      • Source: [
      • 5
      • ]. 

      Habitat

      Open woodland, rock crevices, sandy soil along rivers and on gravel in shallowly waterlogged places.

    • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
      • Source: [
      • 6
      • ]. 

      Terrestrial, generally in humid sand, gravel, mud or silt on floodplains and in stream and riverbeds. Often also invasive in cultivated fields. Exposed or in partial shade.

    • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
      • Source: [
      • 7
      • ]. 

      Wet sites in fynbos, 100-1200 m.

    • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
      • Source: [
      • 8
      • ]. 

      Along streams and riverbanks, 50-150 m.

    • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
      • Source: [
      • 9
      • ]. 

      Open woodland, rock crevices, on sandy soil along rivers and on gravel in shallowly waterlogged places, 100-2000 m altitude.

    • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
      • Source: [
      • 10
      • ]. 

      Distribution

      The species is widespread in the eastern parts of west central tropical Africa, east and south tropical Africa, south tropical and southern Africa, Macaronesia, the western Indian Ocean region, Egypt, southern and central Europe and Asia, except Malaysia.

    • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
      • Source: [
      • 7
      • ]. 

      Cape Infanta and George to W Africa, Madagascar.

    • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
      • Source: [
      • 8
      • ]. 

      Mostly along the lower Gariep Valley, Cape Infanta to W Africa and Madagascar.

    • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
      • Source: [
      • 9
      • ]. 

      Southern South West Africa/Namibia, Botswana, Cape Province, Transkei, Natal, Lesotho, Orange Free State, Swaziland, Transvaal, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Angola, Malawi, Zambia, Tanzania, Uganda, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan, Morocco, as well as Cape Verde Islands, Canary Islands, Madagascar, Mauritius and Reunion.

    • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
      • Source: [
      • 10
      • ]. 

      Nationally Preferred Names

      NameLanguageCountry
      PolikubuTurkishTR

      Other Local Names

      NameLanguageCountry
      Equiseto ramosissimoItalianCH
      Ästiger SchachtelhalmGermanCH
      Spurella romusaRaeto-RomanceCH
      Prêle rameuseFrenchCH

        Bibliography

       Information From

      e-Flora of South Africa
      e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
      • A All Rights Reserved
      Equisetaceae
      World Flora Online Data. 2017.
      • B CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
      Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
      http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
      'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
      • C Missouri Botanical Garden
      Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
      http://www.flora-helvetica.ch
      Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz, Konrad Lauber, Gerhart Wagner, Andreas Gygax. Haupt Verlag 2018.
      • D All Rights Reserved
      Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
      https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
      http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
      • E
      Flora of North America @ efloras.org
      http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
      'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
      • F Flora of North America Association
      Resimli Türkiye Florası (the Illustrated Flora of Turkey)
      http://www.turkiyeflorasi.org.tr
      Güner, A., Kandemir, A., Menemen, Y., Yıldırım, H., Aslan, S., Ekşi, G., Güner, I. ve Çimen, A.Ö. (edlr.) (2018). Resimli Türkiye Florası, Cilt 2. ANG Vakfı Nezahat Gökyiğit Botanik Bahçesi Yayınları. İstanbul.
      • G All Rights Reserved
      • H Resimli Türkiye Florası (the Illustrated Flora of Turkey).
      World Flora Online consortium
      http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
      World Flora Online Data. 2018.
      • I CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).