Asplenium scolopendrium L.
  • Sp. Pl. 2: 1079. 1753 [1 May 1753]
  • Hart’s-tongue


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2022): Asplenium scolopendrium L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0001110391. Accessed on: 01 Dec 2022'

General Information

Varieties 2 or 3 (1 in the flora): North America, Mexico, West Indies in Hispaniola, Europe.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Roots coarse, fibrous, not proliferous; rhizomes erect; rhizome scales blackish to dark brown, clathrate, 1.5–6 x 1–1.5 mm, entire or weakly short-ciliate; fronds clumped, 9–65 cm long; stipes brownish to stramineous, dull, 1.5–20 cm x 1.5–5 mm, ca. 1/5– 1/3 of frond length, with dense, linear to lanceolate, tan, ultimately clathrate scales, not alate; blades thick-herbaceous to subcoriaceous, simple, 7–22(–35) x 1.8–5 cm, oblong, entire to slightly undulate, bases cordate to subcordate or with two downward-directed lobes, apices acute, proliferous buds absent; rachises brownish at bases, light green to stramineous distally (lighter than the blades), dull, with sparse to dense scales 1–2.5 x 0.1–0.2 mm, not winged; pinnae absent; veins simple or 1- or 2-forked, obscure, parallel for most of their length, tips evident adaxially; indument abaxially of scattered, linear scales to 0.5–1 x 0.1 mm, also with sparse catenate hairs to 0.5 mm long; sori paired, facing each other on adjacent veins, usually confined to distal 1/2–2/3 of blades; indusia (2–)6–15 x 0.3–0.7 mm, margins entire or repand; spores reniform; 2n=144 (Can, USA, Chis, see Viane & Reichstein, 1991: 163).

  • Provided by: [C].Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Çokyıllık, 15-60 cm boyunda demet görünümlü bitkiler. Rizom dik veya yatık, kısa, pullu; pullar mızraksı, 6 × 0,8-8 mm, açık kahverengi, ızgaramsı. Fırontlar demet şeklinde, herdemyeşil; sap ve eksen sarımsı yeşil, saman sarısı ilâ koyu kestanerengi, mızraksı pullu, sırtı silindirik, karın kısmı oluklu, ayanın yarısından daha uzun, 5-25 cm uzunluğunda; fıront ayası şeritsi, 20-40 × 2,5-8 cm, koyu yeşil, kâğıtsı, basit, tabanı kamamsı ilâ yüreksi, kenarları düz ilâ az fırfırlı, damarlar dar açılı, basit veya iki çatalsı. Soruslar 6-40 çift, şeritsi, en çok 3 cm uzunluğunda, orta damarından çıkan komşu damar çifti üzerinde, damar boyunca, kenarlara kadar uzanmaz; indizyum beyaz, şeritsi, zarsı, serbest kenarı hafif dalgalı ilâ düz, yanlara doğru açılır, kalıcı, olgunlukta sorusu örtmez. Sporlar kahverengi.

  • Provided by: [D].The Illustrated Flora of Turkey
    • Distribution

      Epipetric on moist calcareous rocks (dolomitic limestone) in sinkholes, at cave entrances, and on cool, moist talus, and on limestone cliffs, occasionally epiphytic on old oaks, in deep shade; 2100–2200 m. Can (Ont), USA (spotty in Ala, Mich, NY, Tenn); Mexico; Hisp (Haiti).

    • Provided by: [C].Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden
      • Source: [
      • 2
      • ]. 

      Distribution Map

       
      • Native distribution
      Found in
      • Europe Northern Europe Ireland

      Nationally Preferred Names

      NameLanguageCountry
      Hart’s-tongueEnglishIE
      GeyikdiliTurkishTR
      Creamh na muice fiaIrishIE

      Other Local Names

      NameLanguageCountry
      Cow tongueEnglishIE
      Fox’s tongueEnglishIE
      Creamh muice fiadhaIrishIE
      Fox tongue fernEnglishIE
      Teanga chapaillIrishIE
      Teanga fiaidhIrishIE
      Leadhb gadhairIrishIE
      Teanga fiaIrishIE
      Craoibh-muicefiadhIrishIE

       Information From

      Aspleniaceae
      http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/Aspleniaceae
      World Flora Online Data. 2021.
      • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
      Flora of North America @ efloras.org
      http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
      'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
      • B Flora of North America Association
      Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden
      https://www.nybg.org/
      Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
      • C Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
      The Illustrated Flora of Turkey
      Güner, A., Kandemir, A., Menemen, Y., Yıldırım, H., Aslan, S., Ekşi, G., Güner, I. ve Çimen, A.Ö. (edlr.) (2018). Resimli Türkiye Florası, Cilt 2. ANG Vakfı Nezahat Gökyiğit Botanik Bahçesi Yayınları. İstanbul.
      • D Resimli Türkiye Florası (the Illustrated Flora of Turkey).
      Irish Vernacular Names
      https://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/plant-science/plant-science/research-staff/article/380/wyse-jackson-peter-s.aspx
      • E All Rights Reserved
      World Flora Online Consortium
      http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
      World Flora Online Data. 2017.
      • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).