Zanthoxylum capense (Thunb.) Harv.
  • Fl. Cap.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Zanthoxylum capense (Thunb.) Harv. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0001132959. Accessed on: 24 Nov 2020'

Morphology

Tree or shrub, up to 13 m high. Leaflets usually obtuse or rounded at apex, ovate to elliptic or obovate with 4-8 pairs of primary lateral nerves. Inflorescence bearing flowers of one sex only. Flowers greenish yellow.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
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    Small, dioecious, prickly tree to 7 m. Leaves imparipinnate, leaflets obovate, lower smaller, toothed, with 4-8 pairs of veins. Flowers unisexual, in terminal or axillary panicles, whitish.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 3
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    Tree up to 10 m. tall; trunk usually armed with aculeate corky bosses; young branches and inflorescences minutely pubescent or glabrous; stems and the rhachis of the leaves sometimes aculeate; aculei straight, greyish, up to 8 mm long. Leaves 4-12 cm long; rhachis together with the petiole 4-8 cm long, deeply grooved above; leaflets sessile, opposite or alternate, (2)3-8-jugate, becoming progressively larger from the basal pair upwards to the apical one; lamina 1-4 x 1-2.3 cm, elliptic to broadly elliptic or obovate, obtuse or rounded or rarelyacute at the apex, margin slightly crenulate or serrulate with pellucid glands in the sinuses only, obtuse and usually with small callose auricles at the base, ± asymmetric, the terminal leaflet frequently atrophied or aborted; nerves 4-8 pairs. Inflorescences of terminal panicles, 2-6 cm long; bracts 0.6 mm long, ovate, ciliolate. Flowers 4-merous, subsessile or with pedicels up to 1.5 mm long. Sepals 4, free, 0.5 mm long, ovate, persistent on the fruit. Petals 4, imbricate, 2.7-3.1 x 1-1.3 mm, narrowly elliptic. Male flowers: stamens 4; vestigial ovary very small. Female flowers: staminodes 4, reduced to the aborted anthers, inserted at the base of a stout gynophore 0.3 mm long; ovary glabrous, ovoid, conspicuously dotted with glands, 1-locular, 2-ovulate; style c. 0.8 mm long; stigma discoid, black. Fruit 4-4.5 mm in diam., subsessile or with a short stipe up to 2mm long, subglobose, gland-dotted. Seed black, shiny.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Tree or shrub, up to 13 m high; trunk and stems usually with spine-tipped corky knobs. Leaves pinnately compound, paripinnate, alternate; leaflets opposite, blade ovate to elliptic or obovate, 10-40 x 10-20 mm, apex usually obtuse or rounded, main vein may bear small sharp spines, 4-8 pairs of primary lateral nerves present, strongly lemon-scented when crushed. Flowers: in panicles; unisexual; calyx of 4 small, ciliate sepals; petals greenish yellow; Sep.-Mar. Fruit a globose, brownish red, prominently gland-dotted capsule. Seed shiny and black.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    Bushveld, woodland, sandy soil, rocky places.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Evergreen forests.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Dry woodland or bush on sandy soils and in rocky places.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Vredefort Dome Savanna; Dry Grassland. Bush clumps, grassland, woodland, sandy soil, rocky places.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    George to tropical Africa.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    In S. Africa from the Cape to the east and north, S. Rhodesia and southern Mozambique.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

      Bibliography

    • 1 Fl. Cap.
    • 2 Herman, PPJ; Retief, E. 1997. Plants of thenorthern provinces of South Africa: keys and diagnostic characters. Strelitzia 6: 1 - 681. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • 3 Manning, JC; Goldblatt, P. 2012. Rutaceae: Zanthoxylum L. 722 - 722. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.
    • 4 Mendonça, FdeA. 1963. 40. Rutaceae. Fl. Zambes. 2(1): 180 - 210. Crown Agents for Oversea Governments & Administrations, London.
    • 5 Retief, E; Meyer, NL. 2017. Rutaceae. In: E Retief & NL Meyer (eds), Plants of the Free State: Inventory and identification guide. Strelitzia 38: 743 - 744. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

     Information From

    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • A All Rights Reserved
    Global Tree Search
    https://tools.bgci.org/global_tree_search.php
    BGCI. 2018. GlobalTreeSearch online database. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, U.K. Available at www.bgci.org. Accessed on 30/11/2018.
    • B Botanic Gardens Conservation International
    Rutaceae
    • C CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).