Citrus limon (L.) Osbeck
  • Reise Ostindien


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Citrus limon (L.) Osbeck. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0001133139. Accessed on: 22 Oct 2021'

General Information

Small trees to ca. 6 m high, heavily armed with numerous axillary spines 5-27 mm long. Leaflets elliptic to oval, obtuse to retuse and abruptly acuminate apically, broadly cuneate basally, the margins crenulate and somewhat revolute, 43-115 mm long, 17-60 mm wide; petioles narrowly margined, but not winged, 5-7 mm long, ca. 1 mm wide, articulated with the leaflet. Flowers not seen in the Panamanian specimen. Fruits at maturity ovoid, mammillate apically, light yellow, 5-10 cm long, acid, the peel not easily separating from the segments.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Spinous shrub or tree, 3-6 m tall. Leaves 6.5-100 mm, elliptic to ovate, serrulate, acute to acuminate. Leaf perfectly jointed to the petiole. Petiole narrowly winged. Flowers bisexual or male. Petals white, tinged purple. Stamens 20-30; Fruit oblong or rounded mamillate, yellow when ripe; pulp abundant and strongly acid.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora of Pakistan
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Leaflet ovate, 5–10 cm. long, 3–6 cm. broad, serrate; petiole margined but not winged, with a distinct articulation with the lamina.

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Flowers solitary or clustered, axillary, 3.8–5 cm. in diameter; petals pink in bud, on opening white above and purplish below; stamens 20–40; ovary 8–10-locular.

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Fruit oval with terminal nipple, 5–10 cm. long; peel rather thick and pale yellow, adherent; pulp sour.

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Small tree 3–6 m. high, with stout stiff thorns.

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Habit

    trees

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    The lemon apparently is native to northeastern India, northern Burma, and southern China. Citrus limon was introduced into the New World by Columbus in 1498. It is grown commercially in Chiriqui.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

     Information From

    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • A
    Flora of Pakistan
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Pakistan
    Flora of Pakistan. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2020.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Rutaceae
    • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).