Ulmus parvifolia Jacq.
  • Pl. Rar. Hort. Schoenbr.
  • Chinese elm, lacebark elm


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Ulmus parvifolia Jacq. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0001143143. Accessed on: 23 Oct 2021'

General Information

Trees, to 25 m tall, d.b.h. to 100 cm, deciduous. Crown broadly orbicular. Bark gray to grayish brown, ± smooth, exfoliating into irregular scale-like flakes. Branchlets dark brown, densely pubescent when young, never winged. Winter buds reddish brown, ovoid-orbicular, glabrous. Petiole 2-6 mm, pubescent; leaf blade lanceolate-ovate to narrowly elliptic, lamina on two sides of midvein unequal in length and width, 2.5-5 × 1-2 cm, thick, abaxially pea green and pubescent when young, adaxially dark green, lustrous, and pubescent only on midvein, base oblique, margin obtusely and irregularly simply serrate, apex acute to obtuse; midvein depressed; secondary veins 10-15 on each side of midvein. Inflorescences fascicled cymes, 3-6-flowered. Pedicel very short, pubescent. Perianth funnelform; tepals 4. Samaras tan to brown, occasionally dark red-brown, elliptic to ovate-elliptic, 10-13 × 6-8 mm, glabrous except for pubescence on stigmatic surface in notch; stalk 1-3 mm, shorter than perianth, sparsely pubescent; perianth persistent or tardily deciduous. Seed at center or toward apex of samara. Fl. and fr. Aug-Oct. 2n = 28.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Trees , 25 m; crowns rounded, open. Bark olive green to gray, shedding in irregular, tan to orange plates. Branches long-pendulous, not winged; twigs tan to dark brown, glabrous to pubescent. Buds acute to obtuse; scales brown, pubescent. Leaves: petiole 2-6(-8) mm, glabrous or sparsely pubescent with short hairs. Leaf blade elliptic to ovate-obovate, (3.5-)4-5(-6) × 1.5-2.5 cm, base oblique, margins mostly singly serrate (some doubly serrate), apex acute; surfaces abaxially pale, glabrate, adaxially dark green, lustrous, glabrous; lateral veins forking 5 or more times per side. Inflorescences fascicles, (2-)3-4(-8)-flowered; pedicel 8-10 mm. Flowers: calyx reddish brown, deeply lobed, lobes (3-)4-5, glabrous; stamens 3-4; anthers reddish; stigma lobes white-pubescent, exserted, recurved and spreading with maturity. Samaras green to light brown, elliptic to ovate, ca. 1 cm, not winged, seeds nearly filling samara, notched at apex, glabrous. Seeds thickened, not inflated. 2 n = 28.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Medium-sized tree. Branchlets thinly pubescent. Leaves small, 25-80 mm long, elliptic to ovate, leathery and glossy green.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Medium-sized tree, up to 6 m high. Stems with branchlets thinly pubescent, branches without spines. Leaves petiolate; blade elliptic to ovate, small, 25-45 x 10-20 mm long, base asymmetric, apex acute, margins serrate, leathery, glossy green on upper surface, prominently veined on lower surface, glabrous; stipules present, falling early. Flowers: inconspicuous; Mar. Fruit a flattened samara with membranous wings.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    Streambanks.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Dry Grassland. Streambanks, garden escape.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Native to China and Japan.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Native to China and Japan.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Chinese elm, lacebark elm

      Bibliography

     Information From

    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • A All Rights Reserved
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • B Flora of North America Association
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Global Tree Search
    https://tools.bgci.org/global_tree_search.php
    BGCI. 2018. GlobalTreeSearch online database. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, U.K. Available at www.bgci.org. Accessed on 30/11/2018.
    • D Botanic Gardens Conservation International
    Ulmaceae
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).