Viola renifolia A. Gray
  • Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts
  • Kidney-leaved or kidney-shaped or white violet, violette réniforme

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Viola renifolia A. Gray. Published on the Internet; Accessed on: 28 Oct 2020'

General Information

Plants perennial, acaulescent, not stoloniferous, 5–30 cm; rhizome thick, fleshy. Leaves basal, 1–5, prostrate to ascending; stipules linear-lanceolate, margins entire to sparsely laciniate, apex acute; petiole 3–10 cm, strigose, sericeous, or villous, occasionally glabrous; blade unlobed, reniform or ovate to broadly ovate or orbiculate, 1.5–3.5 × 2–5 cm, base cordate to broadly cordate, margins serrate-crenate, ciliate or eciliate, apex acute, obtuse, or rounded, occasionally acuminate, surfaces usually sparsely to densely strigose, sericeous, or villous throughout or along veins, sometimes glabrous. Peduncles 3–8 cm, puberulent. Flowers: sepals lanceolate to ovate, margins usually eciliate, auricles 1–2 mm; petals white on both surfaces, lower 3 purple-veined, all beardless or lower 3 sparsely bearded, lowest 8–10 mm, spur white, gibbous, 2–3 mm; style head beardless; cleistogamous flowers on prostrate to ascending peduncles. Capsules ovoid to ellipsoid, 5–8 mm, glabrous. Seeds mottled beige to bronze, 1.5–2.2 mm. 2n = 24.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora of North America @
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    "Rhizome elongate, becoming stout and scaly; stolons wanting; lvs reniform to reniform-cordate, distantly crenate-serrate, rounded above or shortly blunt-tipped, variously hairy on both sides, or on the lower surface only, or wholly glabrous; fls 7–10 mm wide; sep narrowly lanceolate; pet white, all beardless or bearded, the 3 lower with brown-purple veins near the base, the spur short and rounded; frs ellipsoid, 4–5 mm, the cleistogamous ones on horizontal to erect peduncles; seeds brown with darker marks; 2n=24. Arbor-vitae swamps and cold woods; Nf. to B.C., s. to Mass., Conn., N.Y., Mich., Minn., and Colo. May–July."

  • Provided by: [A].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Other Local Names

    Kidney-leaved or kidney-shaped or white violet, violette réniforme


     Information From

    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • A Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Flora of North America @
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • B Flora of North America Association
    International Union for Conservation of Nature v.3
    IUCN 2019. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2019-1.
    • C See IUCN Terms and conditions of use
    International Union for Conservation of Nature
    IUCN 2016. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-2
    • D All Rights Reserved
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).