Viola rafinesquei Greene
  • Pittonia


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Viola rafinesquei Greene. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0001144868. Accessed on: 24 Oct 2021'

General Information

"Slender, glabrous or subglabrous annual 5–40 cm, often branched from the base, the internodes usually exceeding the lvs; lvs almost entire, variable in shape, the lower ± orbicular, the upper spatulate to broadly oblanceolate; stipules conspicuous, foliaceous, often ciliate, pectinately cut, the middle lobe elongate-spatulate and entire or nearly so; fls long-peduncled, the early ones generally chasmogamous; sep ciliate, half as long as the deep blue or bluish-white to cream- colored (“ivory”) pet, these ca 1 cm or nearly 1 cm; style much enlarged above, with a globose, hollow tip and a wide orifice on the lower side; mid- and late-season (rarely all) fls cleistogamous, with small or no pet; frs oblong-ellipsoid, 4–6 mm; seeds pale brown; 2n=34. Fields, open woods, roadsides, and grassy places; Mass. and N.Y. to Nebr. and Colo., s. to S.C., Ga., and Tex. (V. kitaibeliana var. rafinesquii)"

  • Provided by: [A].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

      Bibliography

    • 1 "Gleason, Henry A. & Cronquist, Arthur J. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. lxxv + 910 pp."
    • 2 Pittonia

     Information From

    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • A Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Violaceae
    • B CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).