Plants medium-sized, brownish green, dark green, pale green to golden green, occasionally bronze brown, dull to extremely glossy. Stems with stipe short, secondary stems 2-9 cm, julaceous, often acutely pinnate, sometimes irregularly branched, branches curving downward, , flagelliform branches sometimes present, to 5 cm, with smaller, more distant leaves with alar cells weakly differentiated; pseudoparaphyllia foliose, blunt or deltoid, blunt or toothed. Primary stem leaves broadly triangular; margins nearly entire; apex attenuate; ecostate or costa present; alar cells differentiated, region small, to 1/10 leaf length. Branchlet leaves lanceolate, ovate-lanceolate, or ovate; margins coarsely toothed throughout; ; costa single, often ending in spine; alar cells isodiametric, except at insertion where rectangular, region often excavate, confined to base near margin just distal to insertion. Seta 1-1.5 cm. Capsule 1.5-2 mm.