Orthotrichum cupulatum Hoffm. ex Brid.
  • Muscol. Recent. 2(2): 25 1801


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2023): Orthotrichum cupulatum Hoffm. ex Brid. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0001195023. Accessed on: 03 Feb 2023'

General Information

Plants to 1.2 cm. Stem leaves erect-appressed when dry, ovate-lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate, 2.5-4 mm; margins recurved or revolute to near apex, entire; apex acute or rarely narrowly obtuse; basal laminal cells long- to short-rectangular, walls thin, not nodose; distal cells 8-12 µm, 1-stratose, rarely 2-stratose in streaks, papillae 2 or 3 per cell, 2-fid and large, or sometimes conic and small. Specialized asexual reproduction absent. Sexual condition gonioautoicous. Seta 0.5-1 mm. Capsule immersed to 1/2 emergent when dry, ovate, 1.2-1.6 mm, 16-ribbed, constricted below mouth when dry; stomata immersed; peristome single, rarely double; prostome usually present; exostome teeth 16, usually absent when capsule is old, erect, spreading-reflexed with age, papillose-striate or papillose-reticulate; endostome segments absent or rarely 8, not well developed, of 1 row of cells, , smooth. Calyptra oblong to oblong-conic, smooth, hairy, hairs papillose. Spores 9-16 µm.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Plants up to 1.2 cm high, light-, olive-green, or brown above, brown or black below, in cushions. Stems sparsely branched. Leaves erect-appressed when dry, erect-spreading to spreading or sometimes recurved to wide-spreading when moist, 2.5-4 mm long, ovate- to oblong-lanceolate, acute or narrowly obtuse, unistratose or sometimes bistratose in streaks in the upper 1/3; margins entire, recurved or revolute to near the apex; costa ending near the apex; upper cells 8-12 µm wide, irregularly rounded-hexagonal to elliptic, with 2-3 large, forked papillae or papillae sometimes small and inconspicuous and walls irregularly and moderately thickened; basal cells long- to short-rectangular, becoming quadrate toward the margins. Gonioautoicous. Setae 0.5-1 mm long; capsules immersed to 1/2 emergent when dry, 1.2-1.6 mm long, ± 0.8 mm wide, ovoid-pyriform or sometimes short-oblong when mature, oblong-ovoid and usually constricted below a flaring mouth when old and dry, 16-ribbed, sometimes with 8 long and 8 short ribs, abruptly contracted to the seta, dark-brown; exothecial cells differentiated in 16 or sometimes 8 orange bands ± 4 cells wide for half to 2/3 the length ofthe capsule; stomata immersed, in 1-2 rows in the middle ofthe urn, half- to entirely covered by greatly differentiated subsidiary cells; exostome teeth 16, erect, becoming spreading-reflexed with age (usually not present when the capsule is old), finely vertically-striate, papillose-striate, or papillose-reticulate; endostome segments rarely present, 8, short, smooth, of 1 row of cells; preperistome often present. Spores 9-16 µm, coarsely papillose. Calyptrae smooth, oblong to oblong-conic, with papiUose hairs, mitrate with a long beak, scarcely plicate.

  • Provided by: [B].Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    On dry boulders in high montane habitats; Nuevo Leon (Cerro Potosi).— Northeastern Mexico; western North America from Vancouver Island southward; Europe, Asia, Turkey, and North Africa.

  • Provided by: [B].Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

      Bibliography

     Information From

    Bryophytes
    http://worldfloraonline.org/organisation/Bryophytes
    Bryophytes. Mosses, Liverworts and Hornworts. World Flora Online Data. 2022.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden
    https://www.nybg.org/
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • B Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • C Flora of North America Association
    World Flora Online Consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).