Salicornia meyeriana Moss


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Salicornia meyeriana Moss. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0001294690. Accessed on: 18 Oct 2021'

Diagnostic Description

It is a pioneer plant and does not necessarily occur in a definite zone of its own. Plants of this annual species die before enough rain water has accumulated to submerge them in inland salt marshes, but they also occur in maritime salt marshes.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Jointed, red, fleshy annual to 40 cm, with opposed branching. Leaves reduced to a small membranous collar. Flowers minute, 3 in axillary cymes, hidden by the leaves.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Scarcely woody shrublet, erect rarely decumbent, up to 40 cm high; erect main branches up to 10 mm in diameter at the base, often twisted; secondary branches spreading and longer than the central stem. Barren segments cylindrical, faintly keeled or not keeled at the leaf apex, with lateral ridge, 5-15 mm long 2-3 mm in diameter, glaucous or green fading to deep bluish-red, then often shiny; leaf apex of young leaves slightly spreading when dried. Sclereids in the palisade tissue spirally thickened. Spikes terminal and lateral, (5-)10-30(-120) mm long, tapering when flowering, cylindrical when fruiting. Cymules 3-flowered; central flower acute or nearly so at its posterior apex; flowers protandrous. Perianth tube with three crenate segments, truncate with lateral shield. Anthers 2, 0-5-1 mm long. Stigmas tufted. Seeds compressed, oblong, 1-2 mm long, brown, with membranous testa covered with long seed hairs coiled at the apex; endosperm absent; embryo conduplicate.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    Sheltered saline marshes, estuaries.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    It is a pioneer plant mainly in maritime salt marshes, rarely in inland salt marshes, and rarely occurs in the lowest zone.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    S Namaqualand to Cape Peninsula to KwaZulu-Natal, Madagascar.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    This species is recorded from all along the South African coast from Vanrhynsdorp to Durban.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

      Bibliography

    • 1 Manning, JC; Goldblatt, P. 2012. Amaranthaceae. 309 - 313. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.
    • 2 Toelken, HR. 1967. The species of Arthrocnemum and Salicornia (Chenopodiaceae) in southern Africa. Bothalia 9(2): 255 - 307.

     Information From

    Amaranthaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • B All Rights Reserved
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • C CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).