Ipomoea purpurea (L.) Roth
  • Bot. Abh. Beobacht.
  • corriola


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Ipomoea purpurea (L.) Roth. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0001296676. Accessed on: 30 May 2020'

General Information

Herbs annual, twining; axial parts short pubescent and long retrorse hirsute. Stems 2-3 m. Petiole 2-12 cm; leaf blade circular-ovate or broadly ovate, 4-18 X 3.5-16.5 cm, ± strigose, base cordate, margin entire or ± 3-lobed, apex acute or ± abruptly acuminate. Inflorescences 1-5-flowered; pedun-cle 4-12 cm; bracts linear, 6-7 mm, spreading hirsute. Pedicel recurved before and after anthesis, 1.2-1.5 cm. Sepals subequal, 1.1-1.6 cm, spreading hirsute abaxially in basal 1/2; outer 3 oblong, apex acuminate; inner 2 linear-lanceolate. Corolla red, reddish purple, or blue-purple, with a fading to white center, funnelform, 4-6 cm, glabrous. Stamens included, unequal; filaments pubescent basally. Pistil included; ovary glabrous, 3-loculed. Stigma 3-lobed. Capsule subglobose, 9-10 mm in diam., 3-valved. Seeds black or straw colored, ovoid-trigonous, glabrous or hilum sparsely pilose. 2n = 30, 32.

  • Provided by: [J].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
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    • ]. 

    56. Ipomoeapurpurea (L.) Roth, Bot. Abh. Beobacht. 27(1787). Convolvuluspurpureus L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2, 219(1762). Lectotipo (designado porAustin, (1975): Dillenius, Hort. Eltham. 1: 100, t. 84, f. 97 (1732). Ilustr.: Matuda, Anales Inst. Biol. Univ. Nac. México35: 61, t. 19 (1964). N.v.: Campanilla, quiebra-cajete, quilamul, xelwamal, G.

    Por D.F. Austin, J.A. McDonald y G. Murguía-Sánchez.

    Ipomoeapurpurea (L.)Roth var. diversifolia (Lindl.) O’Donell.

    Trepadorasanuales; tallos hasta 4-5 m, herbáceos, volubles, delgados, pilosos a hirsutoscon tricomas patentes. Hojas 1-11 × 1-12 cm, enteras a 3-lobadas, ampliamenteovadas a cordatas, hirsutas en ambas superficies, la base cordata, el ápiceagudo a acuminado. Inflorescencias cimosas. Flores (1-)2-5; sépalos 8-16 mm,oblongo-lanceolados, abruptamente agudos en el ápice, hirsutos al menos en labase; corola 3-5 cm, infundibuliforme, azul, morada, rosada o con rayas deestos colores sobre blanco, la garganta blanca, glabra. Cápsulas 8-10 mm,deprimido-globosas, glabras; semillas 1-4, 4-9 mm, piriformes, negras,puberulentas. Floracióny fructificación jun.-ago. Sitios alterados, frecuentemente en campos cultivados demaíz. Ch (Breedlove20366, DUKE); G (Iizuka yYokoi 10, MEXU); H(Medina 15, MO); ES (Standley y Williams, (1970): 48); N (Stevens y Grijalva 15610, MO); CR(Fallas 12, MO); P (Tyson5662, MO). 1000-2100 m.(Estados Unidos, México [todoslos estados excepto Yucatán], Mesoamérica, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Perú,Bolivia, Brasil, Paraguay, Argentina, Antillas.)

    Ipomoea purpurea es de uso medicinal.

  • Provided by: [G].Flora Mesoamericana
    • Source: [
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    • 1
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    Ipomoea purpurea (L.) Roth, Bot. Abh. Beobacht. 27. 1787; Convolvulus purpureus L.; Pharbitis diversifolius Lindl.; I. purpurea var. diversifolia (Lindl.) O'Donell.

    Trepadoras anuales; tallos herbáceos, volubles, delgados, pilosos a hirsutos con tricomas patentes. Hojas enteras a trilobadas, ampliamente ovadas a cordadas, 2–10 cm de largo y de ancho, hirsutas en ambas superficies. Inflorescencias cimosas con 1–5 flores; sépalos oblongo-lanceolados, 8–16 mm de largo, abruptamente agudos en el ápice, hirsutos en la base; corola infundibuliforme, 3–5 cm de largo, glabra, azul, purpúrea, rosada o con rayas de estos colores sobre blanco, garganta blanca. Frutos deprimido-globosos, 8–10 mm de largo y 10 mm de ancho, glabros; semillas piriformes, 7–9 mm de largo, glabras, negras.

    Poco común en sitios alterados, frecuentemente en campos cultivados de maíz en la zona norcentral; 1000–2100 m; fl y fr jun–ago; Moreno 6689, Stevens 15610; México a Sudamérica.

  • Provided by: [L].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 11
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    Vines; stems slender and herbaceous, annual, pilose or hirsute with spreading trichomes. Leaves broadly ovate to cordate, 2-10 cm long, entire or trilobate, pubescent on both surfaces. Flowers in 1-5-flowered cymose clusters on pedun- cles usually longer than the petioles; sepals oblong-lanceolate, 8-16 mm long, apically abruptly acute, hirsute on the basal portion; corolla blue, purple, pink, or with stripes of these colors on a white background, throat white, 3-5 cm long. Fruits capsular, depressed-globose, 10 mm in diameter; seeds black, pyriform, glabrous.

  • Provided by: [H].Flora de Panama
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    Bejuco; tallos pilosos, sin raíces en los nudos. Hojas 2–10 X 2–8 cm, ovadas, cordadas en la base, agudas a acuminadas o (raramente) obtusas en el ápice, no lobuladas o (a veces) trilobuladas, hirsutas en ambas caras a glabrescentes. Infls. de 1–3(–5+) fls.; pedúnculo 1–12 cm, cilíndrico, piloso; brácteas 3–7 mm, caedizas. Fls. con los sépalos subiguales, 8–16 mm, oblongo-lanceolados, agudos a acuminados y no mucronatos en el ápice, hirsutos con tricomas amarillos y basalmente bulbosos, el margen membranáceo; corola blanca a rosada o azul a morada, o rayada con estos colores (con la garganta blanca por dentro), 30–50 mm, en forma de embudo, glabra por fuera; estigmas trilobulados. Frs. 0.8–1 cm, subglobosos, glabros; semillas negras, glabras o indistintamente puberulentas.

  • Provided by: [E].Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    • Source: [
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    "Annual; stems pubescent, to 5 m; lvs round-cordate to ovate-cordate, entire (very rarely 3-lobed), abruptly short-acuminate or merely apiculate, glabrous to sparsely hairy; peduncles nearly or quite equaling the subtending petioles, 1–5-fld; sep lance-ovate to oblong, acute or acuminate, hirsute toward the base, commonly 10–15 mm; cor blue, purple, white, or variegated, 4–6 cm; ovary 3-locular; stigma 3-lobed; 2n=30. Native of trop. Amer., escaped from cult. and now a weed in fields, roadsides, and waste places in much of our range. July–Sept. (Pharbitis p.)"

  • Provided by: [K].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
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    Morphology

    Flowers solitary or in few-flowered cymes; peduncle up to 12 cm. long; pedicels 1.3–2.5 cm. long.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Stems glabrous or bristly-pubescent, trailing or twining.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
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    Leaf-blade ovate, entire or 3-lobed, 7.5 cm. long and wide, acuminate at the apex, cordate at the base, glabrous or pubescent; petiole 7.5–9 cm. long.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
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    Annual herb.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 7
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    Sepals lanceolate, 1.3–1.6 cm. long, 1.5–4.5 mm. wide, usually not conspicuously attenuated at the apex, bristly below, finely pubescent all over.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 7
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    Corolla white, pink or magenta; tube white below, 4.5 cm. long.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 7
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    Capsule 1.1 cm. in diameter, glabrous, 3-locular.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 7
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    Capsule globose, glabrous.

  • Provided by: [I].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 8
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    Seeds black, glabrous or very shortly pubescent.

  • Provided by: [I].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 8
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    Stems trailing or twining, glabrous or with short hairs mixed with longer retrorse bristles.

  • Provided by: [I].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
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    Leaf lamina ovate to subcircular in outline, entire or 3-lobed, 4–16 × 3–15 cm., the base cordate with broadly rounded auricles, the apex acuminate, glabrous or pubescent; petiole 6·5–15 cm. long, retrorsely hirsute.

  • Provided by: [I].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 8
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    Flowers solitary or in few-flowered cymes; peduncle up to 15 cm. long; pedicels shortly hairy or with a few bristles, 8–15 mm. long; Sepals unequal, 10–15 mm. long, accrescent up to 20 mm. long in fruit; outer ones oblong, acute with bristly patent hairs in basal portion; inner ones with narrow scarious margins, linear-oblong to linear, acute with a few bristles near the base.

  • Provided by: [I].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 8
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    Corolla funnel-shaped, white, pink or magenta 4·5–6 cm. long; tube white below.

  • Provided by: [I].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
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    Ornamental herbaceous annual.

  • Provided by: [I].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 8
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    Trailing or twining annual herb. Leaves ovate to sub-circular in outline, entire or 3-lobed, base cordate with broadly rounded auricles, apex acuminate. Outer sepals oblong, acute with bristly patent hairs in basal portion; inner ones linear-oblong to linear, acute, 10-15 mm long. Corolla 45-60 mm long. Flowers white, pink or magenta, tube white below.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Thinly hairy, vigorous, annual climber to 5 m. Leaves cordate. Flowers purple, sepals thickly hairy beneath, acute.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
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    Herbaceous annual. Stems trailing or twining, glabrous to retrorsely hairy. Leaves broadly ovate to suborbicular, 40-150 x 25-120 mm, entire or very rarely 3-lobed, apex acuminate, base cordate with rounded auricles, hairy to glabrous on both surfaces; petiole retrorsely hairy, 20-150 mm long. Inflorescence axillary, cymosely 1- to few-flowered; peduncle hairy, 30-180 mm long; bracteoles linear, up to 7 mm long; pedicels hairy, up to 20 mm long in fruit. Sepals unequal, 10-15 mm long, up to 20 mm in fruit, acute, with bristly patent hairs in basal portion, outer ones oblong, inner ones ± linear. Corolla funnel-shaped, glabrous, 50-60 mm long, ±60 mm wide, white, pink, magenta, reddish purple or purplish blue with paler tube and distinct midpetaline areas. Capsule globose, ±10 mm wide, glabrous. Seeds subglabrous, black.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 18
    • ]. 

    Annual herb; glabrous or retrorsely hairy. Stems trailing or twining. Leaves broadly ovate to suborbicular, 40-150 x 25-120 mm, base of blade cordate with rounded auricles, apex acuminate, margin entire, hairy to glabrous on both surfaces; petioles 20-150 mm long. Flowers: peduncle 1-few-flowered; calyx lobes unequal, outer ones oblong, inner ones ± linear, 10-15 mm long, apices acute, with bristly patent hairs on basal portion; corolla 50-60 mm long, ± 60 mm in diameter, white, pink, magenta, reddish purple or purplish blue with paler tube, distinct midpetaline bands; Nov.-May. Fruit a globose, glabrous capsule; seeds glabrescent.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Habit

    Liana/volúvel/trepadeira

  • Provided by: [F].Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    • Vines

    • Provided by: [H].Flora de Panama
      • Source: [
      • 12
      • ]. 

      Habitat

      Woodland, bushland, grassland and waste ground.

    • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
      • Source: [
      • 16
      • ]. 

      Weed of forest margins.

    • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
      • Source: [
      • 17
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      A fast-growing weed on waste or cultivated ground, also in bushveld, savannah and grassland.

    • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
      • Source: [
      • 18
      • ]. 

      Vredefort Dome Savanna. Savanna, grassland, fast-growing weed on waste or cultivated ground.

    • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
      • Source: [
      • 19
      • ]. 

      Distribution

      pantropical but native to the Americas.

    • Provided by: [H].Flora de Panama
      • Source: [
      • 12
      • ]. 

      Native to South America.

    • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
      • Source: [
      • 16
      • ]. 

      Tropical American weed on the Cape Peninsula.

    • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
      • Source: [
      • 17
      • ]. 

      Native to the warmer parts of the Americas, but now cultivated as an ornamental in many parts of the world and probably widely naturalised in the tropics, also tropical Africa and South Africa.

    • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
      • Source: [
      • 18
      • ]. 

      Native to Central America.

    • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
      • Source: [
      • 19
      • ]. 

      Distribution Map

       
      • Native distribution
      Found in
      • Southern America Brazil Acre
      • Amazonas
      • Parí
      • Bahia
      • Maranh
      • Pernambuco
      • Sergipe
      • Paraní
      • Rio Grande do Sul
      • Santa Catarina
      • Espirito Santo
      • Minas Gerais
      • Rio de Janeiro
      • São Paulo
      • Brazilia Distrito Federal
      • Mato Grosso
      • Mato Grosso do Sul

        Bibliography

       Information From

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      • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
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      • B Missouri Botanical Garden
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      e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
      • C All Rights Reserved
      Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
      https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
      http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
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      Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
      http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Costa%20Rica
      Hammel, B. E.; Grayum, M. H.; Herrera, C.; Zamora, N. Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2003-2014
      • E Missouri Botanical Garden
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      http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
      Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
      • F Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
      Flora Mesoamericana
      http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
      Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
      • G Missouri Botanical Garden
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      • H Missouri Botanical Garden
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      http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
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      'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
      • J Missouri Botanical Garden
      New York Botanical Garden
      Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
      • K Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
      Flora de Nicaragua
      http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
      WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
      • L Missouri Botanical Garden
      World Flora Online consortium
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      • M CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).