Cuscuta americana L.
  • Sp. Pl.
  • Dodder


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Cuscuta americana L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0001297192. Accessed on: 26 Oct 2021'

Habit

Cuscuta americana grows as a yellowish orange parasitic vine to 7 meters in height covering other vegetation and attached via haustoria to branches and leaves. There are highly reduced scale like leaves. The complete, perfect, actinomorphic, flowers are arranged in tight clusters. The calyx has 5 greenish white, fused, sepals. The corolla has 5 whitish yellow, fused petals. On the interior of the corolla between the stamens are fringed scales. The calyx and the corolla are about the same length. There are 5 stamens subsessile on the corolla. The ovary is superior with 2 locules and multiple ovules. The fruit is a capsule at maturity.

  • Provided by: [D].Leon Levy Native Plant Preserve
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    Cuscuta americana grows on plants in Dry Broadleaf Evergreen Formations – Forest/Woodland/Shrubland (coppice and scrublands).

  • Provided by: [D].Leon Levy Native Plant Preserve
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Cuscuta americana occurs on all island groupings within the Lucayan Archipelago as well as the Caribbean, Mexico, Central and northern South America, Florida.

  • Provided by: [D].Leon Levy Native Plant Preserve
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Uses

    Cuscuta americana is not known to be used medicinally in the Lucayan Archipelago.

  • Provided by: [D].Leon Levy Native Plant Preserve
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

     
    • Native distribution
    Found in
    • Southern America Brazil Bahia
    • Ceará
    • Paraába
    • Pernambuco
    • Sergipe
    • Minas Gerais
    • Goiás
    • Mato Grosso

    Nationally Preferred Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    DodderEnglishBS

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    cipó-chumboPortuguese

     Information From

    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • A Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    Convolvulaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • B CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Leon Levy Native Plant Preserve
    http://www.levypreserve.org
    Leon Levy Native Plant Preserve. 2020. Flora by Common Name and by Scientific Name. Bahamas National Trust. Available at www.levypreserve.org Accessed on (2020/07/09).
    • C Ethan Freid All rights Preserved
    • D Leon Levy Native Plant Preserve. All rights Preserved
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).