Ipomoea alba L.
  • Sp. Pl.
  • bona-nox


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Ipomoea alba L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0001297242. Accessed on: 31 Oct 2020'

General Information

Herbs annual or perennial, twining, usually glabrous, rarely puberulent. Stems to 10 m, terete, smooth or with soft prickles, sap milky. Petiole 5-20 cm; leaf blade ovate to ± circular in outline, 10-20 X 5-16 cm, base cordate, margin entire, angular to 3-lobed, apex acuminate, mucronulate. Inflorescences helicoid cymes, rarely dichasial, 1- to several flowered; peduncle stout, terete, 1-24 cm; bracts early deciduous, small. Pedicel 7-15 cm, clavate distally, enlarged in fruit. Flowers nocturnal, fragrant. Sepals elliptic to ovate, ± leathery, glabrous; outer 3 sepals 5-12 mm, apex with a stout spreading awn 4-9 mm; inner 2 sepals 7-15 mm, mucronate. Corolla white, with greenish bands, salverform; tube 7-12 cm, ca. 5 mm in diam.; limb 7-12 cm in diam., shallowly 5-undulate. Stamens exserted; filaments inserted in apical 1/2 of corolla tube, glabrous; anthers sagittate basally. Pistil exserted; ovary narrowly conical, glabrous. Stigma 2-lobed. Capsule ovoid, 2.5-3 cm, apiculate. Seeds white, brown, or black, ca. 10 7-8 mm, glabrous. 2n = 28*, 30*, 38*.

  • Provided by: [H].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    1. Ipomoea alba L., Sp. Pl. 161 (1753). Lectotipo (designado por Verdcourt, (1963): India. Rheede, Hort. Ind.Malabar. 11: 103, t. 50(1692). Ilustr.: Austin, Fl. Venez.Guayana 4: 400, t. 305(1998). N.v.: Haapolin, luna blanca, zutub, G;panal de niño, H; camotillo, haapolin, nicua, oración, Y; campanilla blanca,pitoreta, bejuco de tabaco, flor de luna, galán de noche, garza, ES;moonflower, moon vine.

    Por D.F. Austin, J.A. McDonald y G. Murguía-Sánchez.

    Calonyction aculeatum (L.) House, Convolvulus aculeatus L.

    Hierbastrepadoras volubles, perennes; tallos c. 10 m o más largos, con la baseligeramente leñosa, muchas veces los tallos aculeados, a veces con raíces enlos nudos, glabros. Hojas 5-15 cm, anchamente ovadasa casi triangulares, enteras o 3-5-lobadas, la base cordata, auriculada,el ápice agudo, acuminado, atenuado, mucronado, glabras. Inflorescenciasmonocasiales o dicasiales, los pedúnculos glabros. Flores 1-3; sépalos 10-15mm, ovados, puntiagudos o caudados en el ápice; corola en forma de trompeta, eltubo 9-15 cm, blanco con líneas verdes por dentro, el limbo blanco con unaestrella de 5 líneas verdes, glabra. Cápsulas2-3 cm, piriformes, de color pardo a negro, glabras, 4-valvares;semillas 1-4, 10-12 mm, pajizas, pardo oscuro a negras, glabras. Floraciónsep.-may. Acahual de selva, áreas secundarias, húmedas a muy húmedas. T (Cantu 126, MEXU); Ch (Croat 47471, MO); Y (Enríquez 527, MEXU); C (Cabrera yCabrera 10952, MEXU); QR (Cabrera yIbarra 1227, MEXU); B (Dwyer yLiesner 12258, MO); H (Molina R. yMolina 24712, DUKE); N (Araquistainy Moreno 1224, MO); CR (Herrera etal. 2451, MO); P (Pittier 2244, US). 0-1300 m. (SE. Estados Unidos, México,Mesoamérica, Colombia, Venezuela, Guayanas, Ecuador, Galápagos, Perú, Bolivia,Brasil, Paraguay, Argentina, Antillas; introducida en el Viejo Mundo.)

  • Provided by: [I].Flora Mesoamericana
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    • 1
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    Ipomoea alba L., Sp. Pl. 161. 1753; I. bona-nox L.; Calonyction aculeatum (L.) House; Convolvulus aculeatus L.

    Trepadoras; tallos herbáceos en el ápice, tornándose leñosos cerca de la base, lisos o aculeados, ocasionalmente con raíces cerca de los nudos, glabros. Hojas enteras o 3–5-lobadas, redondeado-ovadas, 5–15 cm de largo, acuminadas en el ápice, cordadas en la base, mayormente glabras. Flores solitarias o inflorescencias cimosas; sépalos ovados a elípticos, 10–20 mm de largo, al menos los exteriores caudados en el ápice; corola blanca con las señales del néctar de color verde, tubo 9–15 cm de largo, limbo rotáceo. Frutos ovoides a subglobosos, 2–3 cm de largo y 1–2 cm de ancho, con un apículo de 7–10 mm, glabros; semillas ovoides, 8–10 mm de largo, glabras, café obscuras a negras.

    Ocasional en sitios alterados húmedos y muy húmedos en todas las zonas del país; 0–800 m; fl y fr durante todo el año; Araquistain 1224, Castro 2368; Estados Unidos (Florida) hasta Sudamérica, también en las Antillas y en el Viejo Mundo.

  • Provided by: [K].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 13
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    Vines; stems herbaceous at the tips, becoming woody at the base, smooth or often with short fleshy prickles, occasionally rooting near the nodes, glabrous. Leaves rounded ovate, entire or 3-5-lobed, 5-15 cm long, basally cordate, apically acuminate, glabrous. Flowers in 1- to several-flowered cymes, inflorescences and peduncles glabrous; sepals fleshy, ovate to elliptic, 10-20 mm long, apically a A recently observed fruiting collection from Venezuela shows that I. squiamosa is indeed a member of the Eriospermum group.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Panama
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    caudate at least on the outer sepals; corolla white with greenish nectar-guides, the tube 9-15 cm long, the rotate limb 8-10 cm broad. Fruits capsular, ovoid to subglobose, 2-3 cm long, 1-2 cm in diameter, with a 7-10 mm apiculus, mostly dark brown, glabrous; seeds dark brown to black, 8-10 mm long, glabrous.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 14
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    Bejuco o liana (hasta al menos 7 m); tallos a menudo muricados, de otra forma glabros, a veces con raíces en los nudos. Hojas 8–21 X 7–17 cm, ampliamente ovadas a subdeltadas, sagitadas en la base, acuminadas en el ápice, no lobuladas ó 3–5-lobuladas, glabras en ambas caras. Infls. de 1–6(–8) fls.; pedúnculo 1–24 cm, liso o muricado; brácteas 5–8 mm, caedizas. Fls. con los sépalos ± iguales (excepto los 3 externos con la arista mucho más larga que la de los internos), 10–25 mm (incluida la arista), elípticos, obtusos a agudos y aristados en el ápice (la arista ca. 5–12 mm), glabros, el margen hialino; corola blanca con líneas verdes por dentro, 90–150 mm, en forma de trompeta, glabra o esparcidamente puberulenta por fuera; estigmas bilobulados. Frs. 2–3 cm, ovoides a obturbinados, glabros; semillas café oscuro a negras, glabras.

  • Provided by: [L].Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
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    • 15
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    Morphology

    A strong twiner with stems smooth or sparingly tuberculed

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    Large white flowers 4-6 in. across the limb, exping fragrant at night

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    Capsule ovoid, 2.5–3 cm. tall, glabrous.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 9
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    Corolla opening at night, scented, white or greenish-cream below; tube cylindrical, 7–12 cm. long, 5 mm. wide; limb salver-shaped, 11–16 cm. wide.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 9
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    Sepals elliptic, unequal; outer 2–3 sepals 5–12 mm. long, 6–7 mm. wide, with a long awn-like appendage 4–10 mm. long at the apex (Fig. 22/4, p. 102); inner sepals longer, 8–15 mm. long, 9 mm. wide, shortly mucronulate.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 9
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    Inflorescences axillary, 1–several-flowered; peduncle stout, 1–24 cm. long; pedicels 0.7–1.5 cm. long, lengthening to 2.5–3 cm. long and becoming very thick in fruit.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 9
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    Seeds 4, ovoid, white to black, glabrous, 10–12 mm. long, 7–9 mm. wide.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 9
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    Leaf-blade ovate or orbicular in outline, entire or 3-lobed, 6–20 cm. long, 5–16 cm. wide, acute, acuminate or obtuse at the mucronulate apex, cordate at the base; petiole 5–20 cm. long.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 9
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    A glabrous or very rarely pubescent, annual or perennial; stems prostrate or twining, up to 2.4 m. long, smooth or rarely muriculate.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 9
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    Seeds 4, ovoid, brown or black, glabrous and smooth.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 10
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    Capsule mucronulate 2·5–3 cm. long, glabrous.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 10
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    Corolla opening at night, scented, white or greenish-cream below; tube cylindrical 7–12 × 0·5 cm.; limb salver-shaped, 11–16 cm. wide.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 10
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    Sepals unequal, elliptic, coriaceous, often reflexed in fruit and glabrous; outer 2–3 sepals 5–12 mm. long with long awn-like appendage 4–10 mm. long at the apex; inner ones longer, 8–15 mm. long, shortly mucronulate.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    • 10
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    Stems twining or prostrate, thick, smooth or rarely muriculate.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 10
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    Ornamental species, annual or perennial, glabrous or rarely pubescent.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 10
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    Inflorescence axillary, 1-several-flowered; peduncle stout, 1–24 cm. long; pedicels 0·7–1·5 cm. long, lengthening to 2·5–3 cm. long and becoming very thick and clavate in fruit.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 10
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    Leaf-lamina ovate or circular, in outline, entire or 3-lobed, 6–20 × 5–16 cm., acute, acuminate or obtuse at the mucronulate apex, cordate at the base; petiole 5–20 cm. long, slender.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 10
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    Twining or prostrate annual or perennial herb. Leaves ovate or circular in outline, entire or 3-lobed. Inflorescence 1-several-flowered. Sepals distinctly awned. Corolla tube 70-120 mm long. Seeds glabrous. Flowers white or greenish cream below, opening at night.

  • Provided by: [E].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Herbaceous annual or perennial, usually glabrous. Stems prostrate or twining, laticiferous, smooth or sometimes muriculate, up to 5 m long. Leaves oblong to orbicular in outline, 60-120 x 50-160 mm, entire or 3-lobed, apex acuminate, mucronulate, base cordate, basal auricles rounded to angular, margin entire; petiole 50-200 mm long. Inflorescence axillary, 1-several-flowered; peduncle stout, 10-240 mm long; bracteoles small; pedicels up to 30 mm long and very thick in fruit. Sepals unequal, elliptic; outer ones 5-10 mm long with a long awn-like appendage; inner ones 8-15 mm long, shortly mucronulate. Corolla salver-shaped, opening at night, fragrant, white, greenish cream-coloured below; tube 70-150 mm long, cylindrical; limb 110-160 mm wide. Capsule ovoid, mucronate, glabrous, 25-30 mm long. Seeds 4, ovoid, 10-12 mm long, white, brown or black, glabrous, smooth. Flowering time throughout the year, mostly January and February.

  • Provided by: [E].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Habit

    Liana/volúvel/trepadeira

  • Provided by: [G].Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    • Vines

    • Provided by: [D].Flora de Panama
      • Source: [
      • 14
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      Ecology

      Wild in secondary vegetation, but often cultivated for ornament.

    • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
      • Source: [
      • 2
      • ]. 

      Habitat

      Found in grassland, on river banks, along roadsides and in waste places.

    • Provided by: [E].e-Flora of South Africa
      • Source: [
      • 17
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      Grassland, riverbanks, waste places and roadsides.

    • Provided by: [E].e-Flora of South Africa
      • Source: [
      • 16
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      Distribution

      pantropical in distribution.

    • Provided by: [D].Flora de Panama
      • Source: [
      • 14
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      Native to America.

    • Provided by: [E].e-Flora of South Africa
      • Source: [
      • 16
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      Probably originally tropical American. In southern Africa it has spread in Mpumalanga and the coastal areas of Kwazulu-Natal and the Eastern Cape.

    • Provided by: [E].e-Flora of South Africa
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      • 17
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      Distribution Map

       
      • Native distribution
      Found in
      • Southern America Brazil Acre
      • Amapí
      • Amazonas
      • Parí
      • Rondônia
      • Roraima
      • Tocantins
      • Alagoas
      • Bahia
      • Ceará
      • Maranh
      • Paraába
      • Pernambuco
      • Piauá
      • Rio Grande do Norte
      • Sergipe
      • Paraní
      • Rio Grande do Sul
      • Santa Catarina
      • Espirito Santo
      • Minas Gerais
      • Rio de Janeiro
      • São Paulo
      • Brazilia Distrito Federal
      • Goiás
      • Mato Grosso
      • Mato Grosso do Sul

        Bibliography

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      • M CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).