Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam.
  • Tabl. Encycl.
  • Sweet-potato


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0001297246. Accessed on: 04 Jun 2020'

General Information

8. Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam., Tabl. Encycl. 1: 465 (1793). Convolvulusbatatas L., Sp. Pl.154 (1753). Lectotipo (designado por Biju,(2002): India (LINN-77.5). Ilustr.: Austin, Fl. Venez. Guayana 4: 403, t. 314 (1998). N.v.: Camote, camote de bejuco, chinin ak, iz,yashal chinzak, México; iis, isaki, om, on, G; sweet potato, B.

Por D.F. Austin, J.A. McDonald y G. Murguía-Sánchez.

Batatas edulis (Thunb.) Choisy, Convolvulus edulis Thunb., Ipomoea trilobasensu Standl. non L.

Hierbasrastreras o bejucos volubles, perennes; tallos hasta 5 m o más largos,pubescencia de pelos plateados, adpresos o erectos. Hojas 5-10 cm, enteras o dentadas hasta 5-7-lobadas,glabras o pubescentes, el ápice acuminado. Inflorescencias en monocasios odicasios. Flores 3-numerosas; sépalos 8-15 mm, oblongos, desiguales, los 2 de afuera más cortos yabruptamente acuminados, glabros o pubescentes; corola 4-7 cm, infundibuliforme, lila con eltubo más oscuro por dentro o a veces blanca, pubescente en la base por dentro.Cápsulas 4-5 mm, infrecuentes, redondeadas,pubescentes o glabras; semillas 1-4, 3-4 mm, pardo, glabras.Matorrales y campos de cultivo en áreas húmedas a muy húmedas. T (Ortega et al. 901, XAL); Ch (Breedlove y Smith22563, DUKE); Y (Chan 1043, XAL); C (Cabrera y Cabrera14469, MEXU); QR (Gutiérrez85-68, MEXU); B (Bartlett11379, F); G (Molina R.15492, F); H (Molina R.5322, F); ES (Standley22488, NY); N (Stevens 5582, MO); CR (Austin 7833, FAU); P (Dwyer 6559, MO). 0-1800 m. (Estados Unidos, México,Mesoamérica, Colombia, Venezuela, Guayanas, Ecuador, Perú, Bolivia, Brasil,Paraguay, Uruguay, Chile, Argentina, Antillas; pantropical como cultivo.)

Ipomoea batatas es comestible y tiene uso medicinal.

  • Provided by: [H].Flora Mesoamericana
    • Source: [
    • 1
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    • ]. 

    Herbs annual, with ellipsoid, fusiform, or elongated subterranean tubers; sap milky; axial parts glabrous or pilose. Stems prostrate or ascending, rarely twining, green or purplish, much branched, rooting at nodes. Petiole 2.5-20 cm; leaf blade broadly ovate to circular, 4-13 X 3-13 cm, margin entire or palmately 3-5(-7)-lobed, herbaceous; lobes broadly ovate to linear-lanceolate, sparsely pilose or glabrous. Inflorescences 1- or 3-7-flowered; peduncle 2-10.5 cm, stout, angular; bracts early deciduous, lanceolate, 2-4 mm. Pedicel 2-10 mm. Sepals oblong or elliptic, ± unequal, glabrous or pilose abaxially, margin ciliate, apex acute, mucronulate, outer 2 sepals 7-10 mm, inner 3 sepals 8-11 mm. Corolla pink, white, pale purple to purple, with a darker center, campanulate to funnelform, 3-4 cm, glabrous. Stamens included. Pistil included; ovary pubescent or glabrous. Capsule rarely produced, ovoid or depressed globose. Seeds glabrous. 2n = 84, 90*.

  • Provided by: [L].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
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    • 16
    • ]. 

    Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam., Tabl. Encycl. 1: 465. 1793; Convolvulus batatas L.; Batatas edulis (Thunb. in Murray) Choisy; B. edulis var. porphyrorhiza (Griseb.) Ram. Goyena.

    Trepadoras perennes; tallos postrados o volubles, algo suculentos pero también delgados y herbáceos, generalmente con raíces en los nudos, glabros o pubescentes. Hojas variables, enteras o dentadas hasta 5–7-lobadas, cordadas a ovadas, 5–10 cm de largo y de ancho, glabras o pubescentes. Inflorescencias cimosas a cimoso-umbeladas con pocas flores, o las flores ausentes en algunas variedades; sépalos oblongos a obovados, los 2 exteriores más cortos y abruptamente acuminados o mucronado-caudados, 8–10 mm de largo, los interiores 10–15 mm de largo, generalmente pubescentes o ciliados; corola infundibuliforme, 4–7 cm de largo, glabra por fuera, pubescente en la base por dentro, limbo lila, garganta más obscura o blanca en algunas variedades. Frutos poco comunes, ovoides, 4–5 cm de largo y ancho, glabros; semillas redondeadas, 3–4 mm de largo, glabras, café obscuras a cafés.

    Común cultivada y naturalizada en todas las zonas del país; 0–1300 m; fl y fr oct–jul; Stevens 5582, 8678; se encuentra en los trópicos y zonas templadas del mundo. Esta especie ha sido erróneamente identificada como I. triloba L. e I. trifida. "Batata".

    J.R. Bohac, D.F. Austin y A. Jones. Discovery of wild tetraploid sweetpotatoes. Econ. Bot. 47: 193–201. 1993; D.F. Austin, R.L. Jarret, C. Tapia y F. de la Puente. Collecting tetraploid I. batatas (Linnaeus) Lamarck in Ecuador. Pl. Genet. Resources Newslett. 91/92: 33–35. 1993.

  • Provided by: [J].Flora de Nicaragua
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    Vines; stems usually somewhat succulent but sometimes slender and herba- ceous; perennial, glabrous or pubescent. Leaves variable, from cordate to ovate, entire, dentate or often deeply lobed, 5-10 cm long, glabrous or rarely pubescent. Flowers absent in some varieties, frequent in others, in few-flowered cymose inflorescences; sepals oblong, the outer sepals acuminate and cuspidate, (8-)10- 15 mm long, mostly pubescent or ciliate; corolla with a lavender to purple- lavender limb and darker throat, white in some varieties, 4-7 cm long. Fruits uncommonly formed, ovoid, glabrous; seeds rotund, glabrous.

  • Provided by: [G].Flora de Panama
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    Hierba rastrera o bejuco, de raíces tuberosas; tallos glabros a pubescentes, a veces con raíces en los nudos. Hojas 4–18 X 3–15 cm, ampliamente ovadas a orbiculares, truncadas a cordadas en la base, obtusas a agudas o acuminadas en el ápice, no lobuladas o trilobuladas, a veces dentadas, glabras a densamente pubescentes en ambas caras. Infls. de (1–)3–15+ fls.; pedúnculo (2–)5–17 cm, angulado, glabro a pubescente; brácteas ca. 2 mm, caedizas. Fls. con los sépalos desiguales (los 2 externos más cortos), 8–15 mm, oblongos a obovados, los 2 externos abruptamente acuminados y mucronatos en el ápice, glabros o pubescentes, el margen indistintamente hialino a cartáceo, a menudo 3–5-nervados; corola blanca o (más frecuente) lila (con el tubo más oscuro por dentro), (20–)40–70 mm, en forma de embudo, glabra por fuera, pubescente por dentro en la base; estigmas bilobulados. Frs. 0.4–0.5 cm, ovoides o depreso-globosos, glabros o pubescentes; semillas café, glabras.

  • Provided by: [F].Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
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    Morphology

    Trailing and climbing, nearly glabrous from tuberous root

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    • 2
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    Flowers campanulate-funnel-shaped with whitish or pink-tinged limb and red-purple centre 11/2-2 in. long.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    • 2
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    Corolla violet or lilac, white above, campanulate, 3–4.7 cm. long.

  • Provided by: [K].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Capsule ovoid.

  • Provided by: [K].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    • 14
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    Herb with underground, fusiform edible tubers.

  • Provided by: [K].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 14
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    Stems prostrate, ascending or rarely twining, often rooting at the nodes, glabrous or very slightly pubescent.

  • Provided by: [K].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 14
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    Leaf-blade triangular, 4–14 cm. long, 4–16 cm. wide, truncate or cordate at the base, entire or palmately shallowly to very deeply 3–5-lobed; lobes triangular to lanceolate, glabrous or slightly pubescent; petiole4–20 cm. long.

  • Provided by: [K].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    • 14
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    Inflorescences axillary; peduncle 3–18 cm. long, 1–several-flowered; pedicels 3–12 mm. long.

  • Provided by: [K].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 14
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    Sepals subequal, the inner somewhat longer, oblong to elliptic-oblong, 7–12 mm. long, 3–5 mm. wide, acute and distinctly mucronate, subcoriaceous.

  • Provided by: [K].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 14
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    Seeds glabrous.

  • Provided by: [K].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 14
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    Inflorescence axillary, cymosely 1 to several-flowered; peduncle stout, 3–15 cm. long, glabrous or hairy, bracteoles minute, narrow, acute, 2–3 mm. long, early deciduous; pedicels 3–12 mm. long.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Stems prostrate, ascending or rarely twining, often rooting at the nodes, containing a milky juice, glabrous or very slightly pubescent.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
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    Leaf lamina triangular to broadly ovate in outline, 4–10×4–13 cm., entire or palmately shallowly to very deeply 3–7-lobed, truncate or cordate at the base; lobes triangular, lanceolate to linear-oblong, glabrous or slightly pubescent; petiole 3·5–15 cm. long, glabrous or hairy.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 15
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    Perennial plant herbaceous, with underground, fusiform to ellipsoid, yellow or reddish, edible tubers.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 15
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    Sepals subequal, subcoriaceous, 7–10 mm. long; outer ones oblong or elliptic-oblong; inner ones elliptic-oblong or ovate oblong, somewhat longer, all glabrous or pilose on the back and fimbriate, acute or subacute, distinctly mucronate.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 15
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    Corolla bell-shaped, pale-mauve, white above, 3–4·5 cm. long.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 15
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    Capsule ovoid.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 15
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    Seeds glabrous.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 15
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    Habit

    Liana/volúvel/trepadeira

  • Provided by: [I].Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    • Vines

    • Provided by: [G].Flora de Panama
      • Source: [
      • 19
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      Common Names

      The sweet potato.

    • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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      • 2
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      Distribution Map

       
      • Introduced distribution
      Introduced into
      • Southern America Brazil Acre
      • Amapí
      • Amazonas
      • Parí
      • Rondônia
      • Roraima
      • Tocantins
      • Alagoas
      • Bahia
      • Ceará
      • Maranh
      • Paraába
      • Pernambuco
      • Piauá
      • Rio Grande do Norte
      • Sergipe
      • Paraní
      • Rio Grande do Sul
      • Santa Catarina
      • Espirito Santo
      • Minas Gerais
      • Rio de Janeiro
      • São Paulo
      • Brazilia Distrito Federal
      • Goiás
      • Mato Grosso
      • Mato Grosso do Sul

      Other Local Names

      NameLanguageCountry
      Sweet-potatoEnglish
      batata-docePortuguese
      batataPortuguese
      Camote
      batata-da-terraPortuguese

        Bibliography

       Information From

      Convolvulaceae
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      http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
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      Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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      Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
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      http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
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      • L Missouri Botanical Garden
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      • M CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).