Agave L.
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 323. 1753. (1 May 1753)
  • Century plant [Greek agave, noble or admirable]

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Agave L. Published on the Internet; Accessed on: 26 Sep 2021'

General Information

Tallos obsoletos a gruesos y subarborescentes, perennes, que frecuentemente producen retoños. Hojas su-culentas, arrosetadas, los márgenes usualmente espinoso-dentados (rara vez sin espinas) y el ápice una espina.Infl. una panícula grande a inmensa (CR spp.), las fls. en grupos umbelados en ramas laterales condensadas,ocasionalmente bulbilíferas. Fls. con tépalos connatos basalmente en un tubo cilíndrico a infundibuliforme, carnosos, amarillos o amarillo verdoso (CR spp.); estambres insertos en el tubo o en la garganta, largo-exertos;ovario ínfero, más estrecho apicalmente; óvulos muchos, en 2 filas por lóculo; estigma capitado. Fr. una cáp-sula; semillas numerosas, delgadas, aplanadas, negras.

  • Provided by: [D].Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • 4
    • ]. 

    "Tep united below, withering persistent on the capsular, trilocular fr; filaments slender, exsert, with versatile linear anthers; ovary inferior; style subulate, with a 3-lobed stigma; seeds numerous, flat, black; monocarpic acaulescent perennials, ultimately producing an erect scape with an elongate, terminal infl of ochroleucous or chloroleucous to yellow or orange fls; 2n=60, 10 large, 50 small. (Manfreda) 300, warm New World."

  • Provided by: [E].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Plants perennial or monocarpic. Stems very short or indistinct. Leaves in a basal rosette, large, stout, leathery-fleshy or somewhat woody, containing many fibers, margin usually spiny, rarely entire, apex tipped with a spine. Flowering stems branched or simple, tall, stout. Inflorescence terminal, a spike or panicle, mostly very large. Perianth tube short; lobes narrow, subequal. Stamens inserted at throat or in tube of perianth; filament filiform, usually longer than perianth; anther versatile. Ovary with many ovules. Style slender; stigma 3-lobed. Fruit a capsule, oblong, 3-valved, loculicidal. Seeds numerous, black, thin, flattened.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora Of CHina @
    • AGAVE L.

      Plantas gruesas, mayormente grandes, con roseta basal, usualmente acaulescente u ocasionalmente con cáudice corto; la mayoría de las especies monocárpicas, frecuentemente con súrculos en la base. Hojas usualmente suculentas, engrosadas, fibrosas, rígidas, ensiformes, ápice terminado por una espina aguda, márgenes usualmente armados con espinas. Inflorescencia grande, terminal, escapífera, espigada, racemosa o paniculada, flores frecuentemente en fascículos umbelados ocasionalmente reemplazados por bulbilos vivíparos; perianto infundibuliforme, 6-partido, lobos lineares u oblongos, erectos o patentes, usualmente blanco-amarillentos; filamentos insertados en la base de los lobos en el tubo del perianto, anteras versátiles; ovario ínfero, 3-locular, óvulos numerosos en 2 hileras, estigma 3-lobado. Fruto capsular, dehiscencia loculicida; semillas grandes, aplanadas, testa negra.

      El género Agave contiene ca 200 especies, distribuidas desde el sur de los Estados Unidos a través de México hasta el norte de Sudamérica y en las Antillas; 2 especies se encuentran en Nicaragua. Este género está estrechamente emparentado con Furcraea y otros 2 géneros en la tribu Agaveae. Varias especies de Agave son ampliamente cultivadas en toda Centroamérica, no solo con fines ornamentales, pero también para la obtención de fibra, la preparación de bebidas alcohólicas y como cercos. A. sisalana Perrine, cultivada para la obtención de fibra, podría encontrarse en Nicaragua, al igual que A. americana L. que se planta como cercos vivos y como ornamental.

      H.S. Gentry. Agaves of Continental North America. 1982.

    • Provided by: [G].Flora de Nicaragua
      • Source: [
      • 2
      • ]. 

      Plants massive, acaulescent or with a short stout trunk; leaves closely crowded, ensiform, heavily coriaceous, usually armed with spines upon the margin, the tip ending in a stout spine; inflorescence a panicle or paniculate spike, usually massive and many-flowered, but the flowers frequently replaced by viviparous bulbils; perianth funnel-shaped, 6-parted, the tube rather elongate, the lobes subequal, usually greenish white; stamens 6, widely exserted from the perianth, the fila- ments attached to the perianth tube; anthers versatile; pistil 3-celled, containing numerous ovules; style rather short and thick; stigma capitate; fruit a loculicidal capsule containing many seeds.

    • Provided by: [I].Flora de Panama
      • Source: [
      • 3
      • ]. 

      Plants short-stemmed pachycauls, perennial, often flowering after 8–20+ years, monocarpic or polycarpic, acaulescent or caulescent, scapose, forming succulent rosettes on thick, fibrous-rooted crowns, often rhizomatous. Stems aboveground, unbranched or, less often, branched. Leaves evergreen in rosette; blade light green to green and occasionally with lighter patterns of white (“cross-zoned”) or imprinted with white (“bud-prints”), linear-lanceolate to ovate, firm to rigid, often thick and fleshy, margins entire, filiferous, or armed with marginal teeth and short to long, sharp-pointed apical spine. Scapes, with inflorescences, much exceeding foliage. Inflorescences terminal atop a semiwoody stalk, spicate, racemose, or paniculate, open to dense, bracteate, occasionally bulbiferous, with flowers borne singly, in pairs, or in umbellike clusters of 2–40+ on peduncles or the lateral branches borne by the peduncle. Flowers protandrous, erect or recurved, showy; perianth mostly yellow, infrequently whitish or reddish, funnelform to tubular; tepals 6, connate basally into tube atop a typically constricted neck; limb lobes erect or curved, equal to unequal in length and/or width, linear to oblong or deltate, often papillate at recurved or hooded apex; stamens 6, exserted, attached atop or within perianth tube; filaments mostly filiform; anthers versatile, linear; ovary inferior, greenish at anthesis, 3-locular, succulent, thick-walled, ovules numerous; style subulate; stigma 3-lobed, glandular, capitate, papillate. Fruits capsular, oblong to ovoid, mostly thick walled and fleshy, dehiscence loculicidal. Seeds black, flattened, obovoid, becoming globose distally. x = 30 (5 large, 25 small).

    • Provided by: [H].Flora of North America @
      • Source: [
      • 5
      • ]. 



      Berger, A. 1915. Die Agaven. Jena. Breitung, A. J. 1968. The Agaves.... Edited by Charles Glass and Robert A. Foster. Reseda. Gentry, H. S. 1972. The Agave Family in Sonora. Washington. [Agric. Handb. 399]. Gentry, H. S. 1978. The agaves of Baja California. Occas. Pap. Calif. Acad. Sci. 130. Gentry, H. S. 1982. Agaves of Continental North America. Tucson. Hodgson, W. C. 1999. Vascular plants of Arizona: Agavaceae. J. Arizona-Nevada Acad. Sci. 32: 1–21. Hodgson, W. C. 2001. Food Plants of the Sonoran Desert. Tucson.

    • Provided by: [H].Flora of North America @
      • Source: [
      • 5
      • ]. 

      Included Species

      Other Local Names

      Century plant [Greek agave, noble or admirable]

       Information From

      World Flora Online Data. 2017.
      • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
      MBG Floras Images
      Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
      • B Missouri Botanical Garden
      • C Missouri Botanical Garden
      Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
      Hammel, B. E.; Grayum, M. H.; Herrera, C.; Zamora, N. Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2003-2014
      • D Missouri Botanical Garden
      New York Botanical Garden
      Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
      • E Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
      Flora Of CHina @
      'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
      • F Missouri Botanical Garden
      Flora de Nicaragua
      WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
      • G Missouri Botanical Garden
      Flora of North America @
      'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
      • H Flora of North America Association
      Flora de Panama
      Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
      • I Missouri Botanical Garden
      World Flora Online consortium
      World Flora Online Data. 2018.
      • J CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).