Anemone L.
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 538. 1753. (1 May 1753)
  • Windflower, anémone [etymology not clear: probably Greek anemos, wind; possibly from Naaman, Semitic name for Adonis, whose blood, according to myth, produced Anemone coronaria ]


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Anemone L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000002053. Accessed on: 17 Oct 2021'

General Information

Herbs , perennial, from rhizomes, caudices, or tubers. Leaves basal, simple or compound, petiolate. Leaf blade lobed or parted or undivided, reniform to obtriangular or lanceolate, margins entire or variously toothed. Inflorescences terminal, 2-9-flowered cymes or umbels, or flowers solitary, to 60 cm; involucres present, often with primary involucres subtending inflorescences, and secondary and tertiary involucres subtending inflorescence branches or single flowers (primary, secondary, and tertiary involucres appearing to be in tiers), involucral bracts 2-7(-9), leaflike or sepaloid, distant from or close to flowers. Flowers bisexual, radially symmetric; sepals not persistent in fruit, 4-20(-27), white, purple, blue, green, yellow, pink, or red, plane, linear to oblong or ovate to obovate, 3.5-40 mm; petals usually absent (present in A . patens ), distinct, plane, obovate to elliptic, 1.5-2 mm; nectary present; stamens 10-200; filaments filiform or somewhat broadened at base; staminodes absent between stamens and pistils; pistils many, simple; ovule 1 per pistil; style present. Fruits achenes, aggregate, sessile or stalked, ovoid to obovoid, sides not veined; beak (persistent style) present, sometimes rudimentary, terminal, straight or curved, to 40(-50) mm, sometimes plumose. x =7 or 8.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
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    • 3
    • ]. 

    Herbs perennial, rhizomatous. Leaves all basal, simple, palmate, ternate, or pinnate, sometimes reduced and scalelike, rarely absent. Scape erect or ascending; inflorescences cymose, sometimes umbellate. Bracts (2 or)3 or more, forming an involucre. Flowers actinomorphic. Sepals (4 or)5 or more, petaloid, white, yellow, blue, or purple. Petals absent. Stamens usually numerous, filiform or linear. Pistils several to numerous; ovary with 1 pendent ovule; style present or absent; stigma present or absent. Achenes ovoid or subglobose, rarely strongly bilaterally compressed.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    "Sep 4–20, petaloid; pet none; pistils numerous, in a subglobose to cylindric head, pubescent; style short or elongate; stigma minute; achenes flattened, clavate, or fusiform, tipped with the persistent style; perennials from a rhizome or caudex, with palmately deeply divided basal lvs and an erect stem with a whorl of 3 or more involucral lvs subtending one or more elongate peduncles; fls medium-sized to large, white to blue or red or greenish. (Pulsatilla) 100+, N. Hemisphere."

  • Provided by: [D].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Stamens indefinite in number, sometimes the outer ones staminodal

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    Carpels indefinite in number, uniovulate

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    Ovule pendulous

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Achenes with persistent, naked to plumose, styles.

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Often with an involucre of a whorl of 3 leaves (often very much reduced) below the flower

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Perennial herbs with lobed or dissected basal leaves

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Sepals petaloid, variable in number

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Flowers regular

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Petals absent

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Literature

    SELECTED REFERENCES

    Fernald, M. L. 1928b. The North American species of Anemone § Anemonanthea. Rhodora 30: 180-188. Frodin, D.G. 1964. A Preliminary Revision of the Section Anemonanthea of Anemone in Eastern North America, with Special Reference to the Southern Appalachian Mountains. M.S. thesis. University of Tennessee. Hoot, S. B., A. A. Reznicek, and J. D. Palmer. 1994. Phylogenetic relationships in Anemone (Ranunculaceae) based on morphology and chloroplast DNA. Syst. Bot. 19: 169-200. Wang,W.-T. 1980. Anemone In: W.-T. Wang, ed. 1980. Flora Republicae Popularis Sinicae. Vol. 28, pp. 1-56.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Included Species

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Windflower, anémone [etymology not clear: probably Greek anemos, wind; possibly from Naaman, Semitic name for Adonis, whose blood, according to myth, produced Anemone coronaria ]

     Information From

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    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • C Flora of North America Association
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • D Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Ranunculaceae
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    World Flora Online consortium
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    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).