Aquilegia L.
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 533. 1753. (1 May 1753)
  • Columbine, ancolie

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Aquilegia L. Published on the Internet; Accessed on: 24 Oct 2021'

General Information

Herbs , perennial, from slender woody rhizomes. Leaves basal and cauline, proximal leaves petiolate, distal leaves sessile; cauline leaves alternate. Leaf blade 1-3×-ternately compound, leaflets lobed or parted, margins crenate. Inflorescences terminal, 1-10-flowered cymes or solitary flowers, to 30 cm; bracts leaflike, not forming involucre. Flowers bisexual, radially symmetric; sepals not persistent in fruit, 5, white to blue, yellow, or red, plane, narrowly ovate to oblong-lanceolate, short-clawed, 7-51 mm; petals 5, distinct, white to blue, yellow, or red, oblong to rounded or spatulate blade, 0-30 mm, base backward-pointing tubular spur, apex plane; nectary in ± enlarged tip of spur; stamens many; filaments filiform; scalelike staminodes usually present between stamens and pistils; pistils 5-10, simple; ovules many per pistil; beak present. Fruits follicles, aggregate, sessile, cylindric, sides prominently veined; beak terminal, straight, 3-26 mm. Seeds black, obovoid, smooth. x = 7.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora of North America @
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Herbs perennial. Stems numerous, erect. Basal leaves 1--3 × ternately compound, long petiolate; leaflets lobed or parted. Stem leaves similar to basal ones but smaller. Inflorescences cymose, umbelliform, or sometimes 1-flowered; bracts leaflike, not involucral. Flowers radially symmetric, bisexual. Sepals 5, spreading. Petals 5, erect to suberect, usually smaller than sepals, base usually prolonged into a spur. Stamens numerous; filaments linear-filiform, 1-veined. Staminodes ca. 7, membranous. Pistils (4)or 5(--10); style ca. 1/2 as long as ovary; ovules numerous. Follicles narrowly cylindric, prominently veined; styles persistent. Seeds numerous, black, narrowly obovoid, smooth.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Of CHina @
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    "Fls regular, but complex in structure; sep 5, short- clawed; pet 5, the blade prolonged backward from the base below the fl into an elongate, hollow spur; stamens numerous, often ± connivent, the innermost staminodial; follicles mostly 5, erect; perennial herbs from a stout, caudex-like rhizome, with petiolate, 2–3 times ternately compound, alternate lvs and few but showy fls. 70, N. Hemisphere."

  • Provided by: [A].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 



    Munz, P. A. 1946. The cultivated and wild columbines. Gentes Herb. 7: 1-150. Payson, E. B. 1918. The North American species of Aquilegia. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 20: 133-157.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora of North America @
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Included Species

    Other Local Names

    Columbine, ancolie

     Information From

    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • A Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Flora of North America @
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • B Flora of North America Association
    Flora Of CHina @
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).