Barbarea W.T. Aiton
  • Hortus Kew. 4: 109. 1812. (Dec 1812)
  • Wintercress, scurvygrass, rocket, uplandcress, corn-mustard [For Saint Barbara, fourth-century, or perhaps alluding to being the only plants available for food on Saint Barbara’s Day (4 December)]


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Barbarea W.T. Aiton. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000004049. Accessed on: 26 Feb 2020'

General Information

Herbs biennial or perennial, with rhizomes or woody caudex, rarely annuals. Trichomes simple or absent. Stems erect, sometimes prostrate, angular. Basal leaves rosulate or not, lyrate-pinnatifid or pinnatisect, rarely undivided. Cauline leaves petiolate or sessile, auriculate or amplexicaul, entire, dentate, pinnatifid, or pinnatisect. Racemes many flowered, often ebracteate; rachis striate. Fruitng pedicels slender or thickened, erect or divaricate. Sepals oblong or linear, erect or spreading, base of lateral pair saccate. Petals yellow, rarely creamy white; blade spatulate or oblanceolate, apex obtuse or rounded; claw obscurely differentiated. Stamens 6, tetradynamous; filaments not dilated at base; anthers oblong, obtuse at apex. Nectar glands 4, median pair toothlike; lateral pair annular. Ovules 10-40 per ovary. Fruit dehiscent siliques, linear or rarely elliptic-linear, terete, 4-angled, or latiseptate, sessile or shortly stipitate; valves with a prominent midvein and distinct marginal veins, mostly glabrous, smooth or torulose; replum rounded; septum complete; style obsolete or to 5 mm; stigma capitate, entire or slightly 2-lobed. Seeds uniseriate or subbiseriate, wingless, margined, or winged, oblong, ovoid, or orbicular, plump or slightly flattened; seed coat reticulate, rarely tuberculate, not mucilaginous when wetted; cotyledons accumbent.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    11. Barbarea W.T. Aiton, nom. cons.

    Por I.A.Al-Shehbaz y S.Fuentes-Soriano.

    Hierbas bianuales o perennes, rara vez anuales. Tricomassimples o ausentes. Tallos erectos, algunas veces postrados, frecuentementeangulosos, frecuentemente estriados distalmente. Hojas caulinares sésiles,auriculadas o amplexicaules, enteras, dentadas, pinnatífidas o pinnatisectas.Racimos ebracteados (o rara vez bracteados), corimbosos, numerosos conmúltiples flores, alargados (o no alargados) en fruto. Sépalos ovados aoblongos o lineares, erectos a patentes, caducos o persistentes, la base delpar lateral frecuentemente subsacciforme; pétalos espatulados u oblanceolados,no conspicuamente unguiculados, amarillos, rara vez color crema; estambres 6,tetradínamos; nectarios 4, el par medial como un dientecillo, el par lateralanular; óvulos 10-40 por ovario. Silicuas dehiscentes, lineares, teretes, 4-anguladaso latiseptas; valvas con una vena central prominente; replo redondeado; septocompleto; estilo obsoleto hasta 5 mm; estigma capitado, entero o escasamentebilobado; semillas uniseriadas o sub-biseriadas, sin alas, marginadas o aladas,oblongas, ovoides u orbiculares, no mucilaginosas cuando se humedecen;cotiledones acumbentes. 22 spp. Principalmente Eurasia y Australia, pocas spp.en Norteamérica y norte de África.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora Mesoamericana
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Biennials or perennials [annuals]; (rhizomatous or with woody caudex); not scapose; glabrous or sparsely pubescent. Stems erect [prostrate], branched distally, (angular [not angular]). Leaves basal and cauline; petiolate and sessile; basal rosulate or not, (and proximal cauline) petiolate, blade margins usually entire, crenate or lobed, rarely dentate or repand; cauline sessile, blade (base auriculate or amplexicaul) margins entire, dentate, or lobed. Racemes (corymbose, several-flowered), considerably [slightly] elongated in fruit, (rachis striate). Fruiting pedicels (sometimes absent), erect to divaricate, slender or stout. Flowers: sepals (sometimes persistent), erect [spreading], oblong [ovate, linear], lateral pair saccate or not basally, (apex often cucullate); petals yellow or pale yellow [creamy white], spatulate or oblanceolate, (longer than sepals), claw obscurely differentiated from blade, (apex obtuse or rounded); stamens tetradynamous; filaments (yellow), not dilated basally; anthers oblong, (apex obtuse); nectar glands (4): lateral annular, median toothlike. Fruits siliques, sessile or shortly stipitate, usually linear, rarely elliptic-linear, smooth or torulose, terete, 4-angled, or latiseptate; valves each with prominent midvein and distinct marginal veins, usually glabrous, rarely pubescent; replum rounded; septum complete; ovules 16-52 per ovary; style obsolete or distinct; stigma capitate, (sometimes slightly 2-lobed). Seeds uniseriate [sub-biseriate], plump or slightly flattened, not winged [winged or margined], oblong, ovoid, or orbicular; seed coat (reticulate or, rarely, tuberculate), not mucilaginous when wetted; cotyledons accumbent. x = 8.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Literature

    SELECTED REFERENCE Fernald, M. L. 1909. The North American species of Barbarea. Rhodora. 11: 134-141.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Wintercress, scurvygrass, rocket, uplandcress, corn-mustard [For Saint Barbara, fourth-century, or perhaps alluding to being the only plants available for food on Saint Barbara’s Day (4 December)]

     Information From

    Brassicaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • C Flora of North America Association
    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).