Bauhinia 


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Bauhinia . Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000004242. Accessed on: 09 Jul 2020'

General Information

BAUHINIA L.; Casparia Kunth; Schnella Raddi; Caspareopsis Britton & Rose

Por Richard P. Wunderlin

Arboles o arbustos a veces con espinas intrastipulares o bejucos con zarcillos. Hojas 2-lobadas; pecioladas, estípulas pequeñas, lineares a ovadas. Inflorescencias racemosas o paniculadas, terminales o subterminales, flores en pares o solitarias, cada una abrazada por una bráctea y 2 bractéolas; hipanto tubular a levemente cupuliforme; sépalos 5, valvados, unidos en el ápice, limbo espatáceo o separándose en 2–5 lobos; pétalos 5, subiguales, unguiculados; estambres 10, los fértiles 1, 3, 5 ó 10, estaminodios adicionales frecuentemente presentes, tecas con dehiscencia longitudinal; ginóforo adnado a la pared del hipanto o libre, estigma capitado u oblicuo. Fruto con dehiscencia elástica o indehiscente.

Género con ca 300 especies tropicales, principalmente en las Américas y en Asia; 6 especies nativas y 4 cultivadas se encuentran en Nicaragua y una especie adicional se espera encontrar. La variante ortográfica de Casparia, Casparea, aparece con frecuencia en la literatura.

R.P. Wunderlin. The Panamanian species of Bauhinia (Leguminosae). Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 63: 346–354. 1976; R.P. Wunderlin. Revision of the arborescent Bauhinias (Fabaceae: Caesalpinioideae: Cercideae) native to Middle America. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 70: 95–127. 1983.

  • Provided by: [H].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Shrubs or small trees, or more generally vine-like and climbing, supported by other vegetation, unarmed or less frequently armed; trunk or stem often flattened, usually with hard wood and longitudinally striate bark. Branchlets with con- spicuous alternate nodes, often appearing somewhat zigzag-jointed, sometimes tendriled. Leaves diagnostic, inconspicuously caducous-stipulate, petiolate, simple but usually profoundly 2-lobed or sometimes 2-foliolate, rounded to cordate basally, conspicuously callused at insertion of leaf and petiole, bilobed apically, lobes more or less lanceolate. Inflorescence terminal or axillary near end of the branchlets, few- to many-flowered. Flowers usually whitish, conspicuous; calyx 5-parted, with a short or long conspicuous tube, the limb often spathaceous; petals 5, free, small or large, mostly unequal, clawed; fertile stamens 10 or 5 or in introduced species 1 or 3; anthers versatile or subversatile, usually sagittate basally; ovary usually stipitate or substipitate; legume compressed, elastically dehiscent.

  • Provided by: [I].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Arbustos, árboles o lianas, las ramitas sin o (raramente) con espinas (B. pauletia), con zarcillos en las lianas; estípulas a veces foliáceas, a menudo deciduas. Hojas simples; pecíolo sin nectarios glandulares; lámina entera o apenas bífida en el ápice a (más frecuente) partida y parcial o profundamente bilobulada, con nervios prominentes desde la base. Infls. terminales o subterminales, racemosas o paniculadas (con las fls. solitarias o pareadas) o de 1 fl. solitaria ó 2 fls. pareadas. Fls. blancas o amarillas a verdosas o rosadas a púrpura, zigomorfas, con hipanto tubular a levemente cupuliforme, pediceladas; sépalos connatos casi hasta el ápice en un cáliz espatáceo o que se separa en 2–5 lóbulos; pétalos 5, separados; estambres fértiles 1–10, los filamentos connatos basalmente; anteras sin glándulas. Frs. pardo rojizo (cuando secos), oblongos a oblanceolados, aplanados, leñosos, indehiscentes o elásticamente dehiscentes; semillas pocas, generalmente pardo oscuro o castañas, orbiculares a ovadas, comprimidas, ariladas, el arilo breve, lobulado.

  • Provided by: [F].Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Trees, shrubs, or lianas, hermaphroditic, monoecious, andromonoecious, or androdioecious. Leaves simple, bilobed or entire, rarely 2-foliolate with a shared upper pulvinus; primary veins 3-15, midvein ending with a free, small point; stipules caducous. Inflo­rescences solitary flowers, or many flowers in racemes, panicles, or corymbs; bracts and bracteoles usually small and caducous. Hypanthium cupular, campanulate, or tubular. Calyx closed or open with 5 short or linear teeth at apex in bud, at anthesis spatha­ceous, or regularly or irregularly split into 2-5 lobes. Petals 5, subequal to strongly differentiated, subsessile or prominently clawed, white, yellowish orange, pink, or purplish red. Stamens 2, 3, 5, or 10; anthers dorsifixed, longitudinally dehiscent. Staminodes pres­ent or not. Ovary 1- to many ovuled, sessile or with stalk; stigma small or prominent, variously shaped. Fruit flat, elliptic, oblong, obovoid, or linear, woody or thinly valved, dehiscent or indehiscent. Seeds few to many; endosperm present or not.

  • Provided by: [G].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
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    • 10
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Leaves simple, conspicuously bilobed, rarely divided as far as the base

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Flowers usually large and showy, hermaphrodite, arranged in short usually few-flowered racemes or solitary

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Shrubs or small trees or rarely (and not in Flora area) climbers

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Tendrils absent

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Petals 5

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Calyx spathaceous (the sepals ± cohering after the calyx has opened)

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Style elongate; stigma capitate or small, sometimes ± unilateral; funicle of ovule short, at top often with 2 short outgrowths appressed to the seed, one of which may be ± suppressed

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Fertile stamens 1–10, sometimes accompanied by staminodes; filaments ± hairy below in native species, often glabrous in the introduced ones

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Pods oblong to linear, few- to many-seeded, ± woody, dehiscent or rarely (not in East Africa) indehiscent.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Stamens 1–10, sometimes accompanied by staminodes, free; anthers opening by longitudinal slits.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Ovary usually stipitate; style elongate; stigma capitate or small, sometimes unilateral.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Trees or shrubs, seldom scandent or climbing, without tendrils, but branch tips sometimes coiling.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Flowers in racemes or solitary, usually large and showy, bisexual, zygomorphic.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Leaves bilobed or occasionally divided to the base, palmately nerved; stipules deciduous.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Petals 5(6), free.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Seeds ± compressed; hilum circular or crescent-shaped, with a U-shaped to hairpin-shaped scar of 2 aril lobes developed from the funicle.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Calyx spathaceous (the sepals ± cohering after the calyx has opened) above a variably developed hypanthium.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Pods linear-oblong to strap-shaped or broadened upwards, ± woody, dehiscent or elsewhere occasionally indehiscent, few- to many-seeded.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Old and New World tropics.

  • Provided by: [I].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Included Species

     Information From

    Fabaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • D
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • E
    Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Costa%20Rica
    Hammel, B. E.; Grayum, M. H.; Herrera, C.; Zamora, N. Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2003-2014
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • G Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • H Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • I Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • J CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).