Beta L.
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 222. 1753. (1 May 1753)
  • Beet, chard [derivation uncertain, possibly from Celtic name for red root]


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Beta L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000004539. Accessed on: 31 Mar 2020'

General Information

Herbs annual, biennial, or perennial, smooth, glabrous. Stems prostrate or decumbent, ribbed, striate. Leaves alternate, petiolate; leaf blade flattened, margin entire or subentire. Flowers solitary or in 2- or 3-flowered glomerules arranged in terminal spikes on upper part of branches, without bractlets, perfect, fused at base and falling together at utricle maturity. Perianth urceolate, 5-parted, mostly herbaceous, more rarely petaloid, united and hardened at base; segments erect or infolded, longitudinally keeled abaxially. Stamens 5, perigynous; filaments subulate, united proximally into a glandular disk; anthers oblong. Stigmas 2 or 3(-5), stigmatic surface papillate. Utricle proximally adnate to perianth; pericarp succulent or hardened distally. Seed horizontal, depressed globose; testa leathery, lustrous, free from pericarp; embryo annular or subannular; perisperm copious.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Herbs, annual, biennial, or perennial, often with fleshy, thickened roots, glabrous throughout. Stems erect or procumbent, not jointed, not armed, not fleshy. Leaves alternate, petiolate or sessile; blade ovate-cordate to rhombic-cuneate, margins ± entire, apex obtuse . Inflorescences spikelike cymes or glomerules, ebracteate at least in distal 1/2. Flowers bisexual, bracteate; perianth segments 3-5, distinct, sometimes petaloid, rounded or keeled abaxially, wings and spines absent; stamens 5; ovary semi-inferior; stigmas usually 2-3(-5), connate basally. Fruiting structures achenes, connate with receptacle, often enclosed by swollen perianth. Seeds horizontal, orbicular or reniform; seed coat dark brown, smooth; embryo ± annular, perisperm copious. x = 9.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Literature

    SELECTED REFERENCE

    Ford-Lloyd, B. V. and J. T. Williams. 1975. A revision of Beta section Vulgares (Chenopodiaceae), with new light on the origin of cultivated herbs. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 71: 89-102.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Beet, chard [derivation uncertain, possibly from Celtic name for red root]

     Information From

    Amaranthaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • C Flora of North America Association
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).