Bischofia Blume
  • Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 17: 1168–1169. 1826[1827].
  • Bishopwood, javawood, toog [For Gottleib Wilhelm T. G. Bischoff, 1797–1854, German botanist]


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Bischofia Blume. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000004668. Accessed on: 27 Oct 2021'

General Information

Trees, usually dioecious, rarely monoecious, hairy, becoming glabrate, hairs simple; branching not phyllanthoid. Leaves deciduous, alternate, pinnately compound, leaflets 3(or 5), all well developed; stipules fugacious; blade margins crenate-serrate. Inflorescences unisexual, racemose or paniculate thyrses. Pedicels present. Staminate flowers: sepals 5, distinct; petals 0; nectary absent; stamens 5; filaments distinct, adnate to pistillode base; connectives not extending beyond anthers; pistillode short-stipitate, peltate, 5-angled. Pistillate flowers: sepals deciduous, 5, distinct; petals 0; nectary absent; pistil 3(–4)-carpellate; styles 3(–4), connate at base, unbranched. Fruits drupes. Seeds 1–2 per locule, rounded-trigonous; seed coat dry, smooth; caruncle absent. x = 14.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Inflorescences axillary, paniculate, solitary, many-flowered; bracts 1-flowered, those subtending ♀ flowers readily caducous

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
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    Male flowers pedicellate; sepals 5, imbricate, strongly concave, cucullate, later reflexed; petals 0; disc 0; stamens 5, episepalous, free, filaments short, anthers basifixed, bilobate, longitudinally dehiscent; pistillode peltate, infundibuliform, pentagonal, shortly stipitate

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Female flowers pedicellate; sepals 5, imbricate, flat, not cucullate, soon caducous; petals 0; disc 0; staminodes minute or 0; ovary 3(–4)-locular, with 2 ovules per locule; styles 3(–4), slightly connate at the base, undivided, filiform, spreading, the adaxial stigmatic surface running the length of the arms

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Seeds 3–6, oblong, ecarunculate; testa horny; albumen fleshy; cotyledons broad, flat.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
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    Fruit a small depressed-globose indehiscent drupe; mesocarp fleshy; endocarp thin, horny

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Leaves alternate, long-petiolate, stipulate, 3(–5)-foliolate, the leaflets petiolulate, crenate-serrate, penninerved; stipules readily caducous

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Dioecious or rarely monoecious trees with a simple (localized) indumentum

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Literature

    SELECTED REFERENCES Airy Shaw, H. K. 1967b. Notes on the genus Bischofia Bl. (Bischofiaceae). Kew Bull. 21: 327–329. Bhatnagar, A. K. and R. N. Kapil. 1973. Bischofia javanica—its relationship with Euphorbiaceae. Phytomorphology 23: 264–267. Morton, J. F. 1984. Nobody loves the Bischofia anymore. Proc. Florida State Hort. Soc. 97: 241–244.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Bishopwood, javawood, toog [For Gottleib Wilhelm T. G. Bischoff, 1797–1854, German botanist]

      Bibliography

     Information From

    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • A Flora of North America Association
    Phyllanthaceae
    • B CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • C
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).