Bridelia Willd.
  • Sp. Pl. 4(2): 978. 1806.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Bridelia Willd. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000005425. Accessed on: 27 Oct 2021'

General Information

Trees, shrubs, rarely woody lianas. Leaves simple, alternate, entire, pinnately veined, petiolate, stipulate. Flowers small, unisexual, monoecious, few to many flowers grouped into axile glomerules, pedicellate or sessile. Sepals 5, valvate. Petals 5, scale-shaped. Male flowers: stamens 5; filaments connate at base, forming staminal column, apical free and extended filaments surrounding rudimentary ovary; anthers dorsifixed, introrse, 2-loculed, parallel, longitudinally dehiscent; rudimentary ovary terete or obovate, sometimes conical, 2-4-fid at apex; disk cup-shaped or discoid. Female flowers: disk pulvinate or saucer-shaped lining flower with a conical or urceolate part, surrounding ovary, tearing as ovary expands; ovary 2-loculed; ovules 2 in each cell; styles 2, free or connate at base, bifid or entire at apex. Drupes or rarely capsules with fleshy epicarp, 1- or 2-celled (putamens). Seeds 1 or 2, with longitudinal groove; embryo curved; endosperm copious; cotyledons thin, large. x = 13.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
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    • 15
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    Morphology

    Twigs lenticellate

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 13
    • ]. 

    Branches sometimes armed with blunt woody thorns

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 13
    • ]. 

    Monoecious or rarely dioecious shrubs or trees with a simple indumentum

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 13
    • ]. 

    Male flowers in many-flowered glomeruli, sometimes with 1–2 ♀ flowers admixed, sessile or subsessile; sepals 5, valvate; petals 5, small, inflexed over the disc or quincuncially imbricate; disc annular or cupuliform, entire or sinuate; stamens 5, filaments united below into a short column, free and spreading above, anthers horizontal, basifixed, the thecae parallel, longitudinally dehiscent; pistillode at the top of the staminal column, ampulliform, entire or 2–4-lobate

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 13
    • ]. 

    Bracts small, scaly

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 13
    • ]. 

    Flowers small, axillary, solitary, glomerulate or fasciculate, or in spikes or panicles of glomerulate fascicles

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 13
    • ]. 

    Leaves alternate, shortly petiolate, stipulate, simple, usually entire, penninerved, the nerves straight, arched or looped, the tertiary nerves usually parallel

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 13
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    Seeds often by abortion solitary in each pyrene, plano-convex and adaxially longitudinally grooved (2 pyrenes) or else U-shaped in transverse section and adaxially deeply excavate (1 pyrene); albumen copious, fleshy; embryo slightly or strongly curved; cotyledons broad, foliaceous, thin.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 13
    • ]. 

    Fruit a small, smooth, ovoid or globose berry or drupe, indehiscent, or else dehiscent; exocarp fleshy or pulpy; endocarp crustaceous, forming 2 (or by abortion 1) pyrenes

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 13
    • ]. 

    Female flowers in few-flowered clusters or solitary, sometimes pedicellate; sepals and petals perigynous, otherwise ± as in the male; outer disc annular, inner disc lobed or cupular and embracing the ovary; ovary 2(–3)-locular, with 2 ovules per locule; styles 2(–3), free or connate at the base, bifid or subentire

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 13
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    Leaves alternate, shortly petiolate, stipulate, simple, entire or more or less so, penninerved; lateral nerves straight, arched or looped, tertiary nerves usually parallel.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 14
    • ]. 

    Flowers small, axillary, glomerulate or fasciculate, sometimes in spikes or panicles of glomeruliform fascicles.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 14
    • ]. 

    Monoecious, or rarely dioecious shrubs or trees.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 14
    • ]. 

    Bracts small, scale-like.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 14
    • ]. 

    Indumentum simple.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 14
    • ]. 

    Male flowers in many-flowered fascicles, sometimes with 1–2 female flowers admixed, sessile, subsessile or shortly pedicellate; sepals (4)5, valvate; petals 5, small, inflexed and not contiguous or imbricate; disk annular or cupuliform, entire or sinuate; stamens 5, filaments united below into a short column, free and spreading above, anthers horizontal, basifixed, the thecae parallel, longitudinally dehiscent; pistillode at the top of the column ampulliform, entire or 2–4-lobed.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 14
    • ]. 

    Female flowers few per cluster or solitary, sometimes pedicellate; sepals and petals perigynous, otherwise ± as in female; outer disk annular, inner encasing the ovary; ovary 2(3)-locular, ovules 2 per locule; styles 2(3), free or connate at the base, bifid or subentire.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 14
    • ]. 

    Fruit drupaceous and indehiscent or else dehiscent; exocarp thin; mesocarp fleshy; endocarp crustaceous, 1- or 2-locular.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 14
    • ]. 

    Seeds solitary per locule by abortion, plano-convex and longitudinally grooved in 2-locular fruits, C-shaped in transverse section and hollowly cylindrical, split down one side in 1-locular fruits; albumen copious, fleshy; embryo curved; cotyledons broad, foliaceous, thin.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 14
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    Trunk and branches sometimes armed with blunt thorns.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 14
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    Arbres'ou arbustes monoïques, rarement dioïques.'Feuilles'alternes, simples, penninerves, stipulées; nervures tertiaires ± parallèles.'Inflorescences'en glomérules ou en fascicules axillaires, parfois en épis ou en panicules de fascicules gloméruliformes.'Fleurs'(4)5(6)-mères, petites, sessiles ou à court pédicelle; sépales valvaires, persistants; pétales petits, infléchis sur le disque à l'état jeune ou imbriqués.'Fleurs'♂ à disque ± annulaire; filets réunis à la base en un androphore columnaire supportant un rudiment de gynécée puis étalés en étoile.'Fleurs'♀ à disque à partie externe annulaire et à partie interne, peut-être de nature staminodiale, en forme de cône ou de bouteille masquant un ovaire 2(3)-loculaire et glabre; styles 2(3), libres ou connés à la base, bifides ou subentiers; 2 ovules par loge, munis d'un obturateur.'Fruits'indéhiscents drupacés ou déhiscents capsulaires à mésocarpe charnu, à l'état adulte soit 2-loculaires avec par loge une graine planconvexe à face interne longitudinalement sillonnée, soit 1-loculaires à 1 graine profondément sillonnée et, en coupe transversale, en forme de U.'Graines albuminées; cotylédons foliacés.\n\t\t\t\tGenre paléotropical, comprenant environ 60 espèces dont près de 20 africaines et malgaches; 14 espèces et 1 sous-espèce au Congo dont certaines, répandues par les oiseaux, extrêmement communes. Des feuilles de divers'Bridelia'africains se nourrissent les chenilles tisseuses et comestibles du genre'Anaphe (vers à soie) (voir E. Michel, Bull. Agr. Congo Belge, II, p. 310-322, 1911) dont l'exploitation industrielle de la soie fut abandonnée après diverses tentatives.

  • Provided by: [D].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    • Source: [
    • 16
    • ]. 

      Bibliography

     Information From

    Phyllanthaceae
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • B
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • C
    Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    https://www.floredafriquecentrale.be
    • D http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).