Buxus L.
  • Sp. Pl. 2: 983. 1753. (1 May 1753)


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Buxus L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000005846. Accessed on: 28 Mar 2020'

General Information

Shrubs or small trees, 0.15-6 m tall, evergreen, monoecious. Young branches tetragonous. Leaves opposite, shortly petiolate, leathery or thinly leathery, often shining, margin entire, venation pinnate. Inflorescences axillary or terminal, racemose, spicate, or converted into capitate cluster, bracteate; female flower solitary, apical, male flowers several, basal. Flowers small, unisexual. Male flowers: tepals 4; stamens 4; central pistillode present. Female flowers: tepals 5 or 6; carpels 3; ovary 3-locular; styles 3, free; stigma often decurrent; interstylar nectaries or nectariferous tissue present; ovules 2 per locule, pendent, anatropous, bitegmic, crassinucellar; micropyle formed by inner integument, rudimentary aril. Fruit a dry capsule, globose or ovoid, usually glabrous, loculicidal, splitting into 3 valves; styles persistent. Seeds 2 per locule, oblong; testa black, shining; endosperm fleshy; cotyledons oblong.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Monoecious shrubs or small trees. Leaves opposite, entire, coriaceous. In- florescences axillary, racemose, congested, bracteate, usually with a single terminal female flower and several to many lateral male flowers. Flowers apetalous; male flowers with 4 sepals, the stamens 4-6, opposite the sepals, the filaments exserted, the anthers dorsifixed near the base; female flowers with 4-6 sepals, the ovary 3-locular with 3 distinct styles and 2 ovules per locule. Fruit a capsule, 3-parted, apically 3-horned from the persistent styles; seeds oblong, black.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 5
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    Morphology

    Flowers in short compact spikes, often consisting of a terminal female flower subtended by bracts in the axils of which are 2–4 male flowers, or each inflorescence unisexual.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
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    Male flowers with 4 perianth segments, 2 outer and 2 inner ones, equal or unequal; stamens 4–6(10), usually opposite a perianth segment or more stamens at each perianth segment; anthers sessile, subsessile or on clearly distinguishable filaments, dorsifixed near the base, opening by longitudinal slits; rudimentary ovary truncate or 3-lobed at apex or absent.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Small, usually much branched trees and shrubs; glabrous throughout.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Leaves opposite, entire, coriaceous.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Seeds usually 3-ridged or ovoid-oblong, with black, shiny testa.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Fruit capsular, dehiscing loculicidally, valves each with 2 apical, horn-like projections, representing remains of the styles; endocarp hard, separating from exocarp at maturity.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
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    Female flowers with 4–6 perianth segments; staminodes absent; ovary 3-locular; styles 3, thick, grooved and with recurved stigmatic part; ovules 2 per locule.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Habit

    shrubs or small trees

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Buxus includes about 70 species, mostly in the West Indies (sect. Tricera, primarily in Cuba and Jamaica, 33 species) and Eurasia (sect. Buxus); 10 species occur in Africa, (sect. Buxella and Notobuxus). Four species occur in Mexico, adjacent Guatemala, and Belize.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Included Species

    Synonyms

     Information From

    Buxaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • C
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).