Calochortus Pursh
  • Fl. Amer. Sept. 1: 240. 1814[1813].
  • [Greek kalos, beautiful, and chortos, grass]


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Calochortus Pursh. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000006139. Accessed on: 27 Nov 2020'

General Information

13. Calochortus Pursh

Por R.M. MacFarlane.

Hierbas bulbíferas. Bulbo con una túnica gruesa. Tallos escapiformes o foliosos, a menudo ramificados. Hojas lineares, reducidas en la parte superior. Inflorescencia monocásica o subumbelada; pedicelos bracteados. Flores vistosas, erectas a nutantes; perianto campanulado o ciatiforme; tépalos a menudo conspicuamente barbados, especialmente cerca de las prominentes glándulas basales, los 3 externos más pequeños que los 3 internos; anteras basifijas; ovario 3-locular; estigma 3-lobado. Cápsula 3-angulada a 3-alada, con dehiscencia septicida. Aprox. 60 spp. O. Norteamérica a Guatemala.

La única especie en Mesoamérica es Calochortus ghiesbreghtii.

Bibliografía: Ownbey, M. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 27: 371-560 (1940).

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Mesoamericana
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Herbs, perennial, sometimes from bulbs; bulb coat membranous or fibrous-reticulate. Stems scapelike or leafy, simple or branched, glabrous, often glaucous; bulblets sometimes borne in leaf axils. Leaves sessile; basal persistent or withering by flowering, solitary, blade base sometimes attenuate and petiolelike; cauline 0–several, sometimes proximalmost appearing as basal, reduced. Inflorescences monochasiate or ± umbellate, 1–many-flowered, bracteate. Flowers: perianth globose to broadly campanulate; sepals 3, distinct, ovate to lanceolate, usually petaloid and glabrous; petals 3, distinct, usually longer and broader than sepals, sometimes clawed, usually hairy adaxially, bearing adaxial gland near base, often spotted to ± patterned; filaments widened at base; anthers usually basifixed or pseudobasifixed, linear to oblong; ovary superior; style absent; stigmas 3. Fruits capsular, 3-locular, 3-angled or -winged, linear, oblong, or globular, dehiscence septicidal. Seeds many, in 2 rows per locule, irregular or flat, coat usually hexagonally reticulate.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Literature

    SELECTED REFERENCES

    Buxbaum, F. 1958. Der morphologische Typus und die systematische Stellung der Gattung Calochortus. Beitr. Biol. Pflanzen 34: 405–452. Ness, B. D. 1989. Seed morphology and taxonomic relationships in Calochortus (Liliaceae). Syst. Bot. 14: 495–505. Ownbey, M. 1940. A monograph of the genus Calochortus. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 27: 371–560. Ownbey, M. 1969. Calochortus. Univ. Wash. Publ. Bot. 17: 765–779.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Included Species

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    [Greek kalos, beautiful, and chortos, grass]

     Information From

    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • A Flora of North America Association
    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Liliaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • C CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).