Calochortus Pursh
  • Fl. Amer. Sept. 1: 240. 1814[1813].
  • [Greek kalos, beautiful, and chortos, grass]

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Calochortus Pursh. Published on the Internet; Accessed on: 28 Oct 2021'

General Information

13. Calochortus Pursh

Por R.M. MacFarlane.

Hierbas bulbíferas. Bulbo con una túnica gruesa. Tallos escapiformes o foliosos, a menudo ramificados. Hojas lineares, reducidas en la parte superior. Inflorescencia monocásica o subumbelada; pedicelos bracteados. Flores vistosas, erectas a nutantes; perianto campanulado o ciatiforme; tépalos a menudo conspicuamente barbados, especialmente cerca de las prominentes glándulas basales, los 3 externos más pequeños que los 3 internos; anteras basifijas; ovario 3-locular; estigma 3-lobado. Cápsula 3-angulada a 3-alada, con dehiscencia septicida. Aprox. 60 spp. O. Norteamérica a Guatemala.

La única especie en Mesoamérica es Calochortus ghiesbreghtii.

Bibliografía: Ownbey, M. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 27: 371-560 (1940).

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Mesoamericana
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Herbs, perennial, sometimes from bulbs; bulb coat membranous or fibrous-reticulate. Stems scapelike or leafy, simple or branched, glabrous, often glaucous; bulblets sometimes borne in leaf axils. Leaves sessile; basal persistent or withering by flowering, solitary, blade base sometimes attenuate and petiolelike; cauline 0–several, sometimes proximalmost appearing as basal, reduced. Inflorescences monochasiate or ± umbellate, 1–many-flowered, bracteate. Flowers: perianth globose to broadly campanulate; sepals 3, distinct, ovate to lanceolate, usually petaloid and glabrous; petals 3, distinct, usually longer and broader than sepals, sometimes clawed, usually hairy adaxially, bearing adaxial gland near base, often spotted to ± patterned; filaments widened at base; anthers usually basifixed or pseudobasifixed, linear to oblong; ovary superior; style absent; stigmas 3. Fruits capsular, 3-locular, 3-angled or -winged, linear, oblong, or globular, dehiscence septicidal. Seeds many, in 2 rows per locule, irregular or flat, coat usually hexagonally reticulate.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora of North America @
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 



    Buxbaum, F. 1958. Der morphologische Typus und die systematische Stellung der Gattung Calochortus. Beitr. Biol. Pflanzen 34: 405–452. Ness, B. D. 1989. Seed morphology and taxonomic relationships in Calochortus (Liliaceae). Syst. Bot. 14: 495–505. Ownbey, M. 1940. A monograph of the genus Calochortus. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 27: 371–560. Ownbey, M. 1969. Calochortus. Univ. Wash. Publ. Bot. 17: 765–779.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora of North America @
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Included Species

    Other Local Names

    [Greek kalos, beautiful, and chortos, grass]

     Information From

    Flora of North America @
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • A Flora of North America Association
    Flora Mesoamericana
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • C CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).