Caltha L.
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 558. 1753. (1 May 1753)
  • Marsh-marigold, populage [Greek name for some yellow-flowered plants]


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Caltha L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000006218. Accessed on: 22 Oct 2021'

General Information

Herbs , perennial, from thick caudices 0.5-2 cm or slender stolons. Leaves basal and cauline, simple; proximal leaves petiolate, distal leaves sessile or nearly so; cauline leaves alternate. Leaf blade unlobed, oblong-ovate to orbiculate-reniform or cordate, margins entire, dentate, or crenate. Inflorescences terminal or axillary, 1-6-flowered cymes or flowers solitary, to 22 cm; bracts leaflike, not forming involucre. Flowers bisexual, radially symmetric; sepals not persistent in fruit, 5-12, white, pinkish, yellow, or orange, plane, oval-orbiculate to narrowly obovate, 4-23 mm; petals absent; stamens 10-40; filaments filiform; staminodes absent between stamens and pistils; pistils 5-55, simple; ovules 15-35 per pistil; style 0.1-2 mm. Fruits follicles, aggregate, sessile or stipitate, linear-oblong to ellipsoid, sides prominently veined or not; beak terminal, straight or weakly curved, 0.2-2 mm. Seeds brown, elliptic to broadly elliptic, rugulose. x =8.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Herbs perennial, glabrous, with fibrous roots. Stems simple or several branched. Leaves basal, or both basal and cauline, sometimes distal cauline ones palmately lobed, orbicular, reniform, or ovate, base cordate, margin dentate or entire; petioles sheathed at base. Flower solitary, terminal, or 2 or more in a simple or complex monochasium opening nearly flat. Sepals 5 or more, petaloid, yellow, rarely white or red, obovate or elliptic, caducous. Petals absent. Stamens numerous; anthers elliptic to oblong; filaments linear. Follicles 5--40, sessile, sometimes stipitate, with branching transverse veins, styles distinct or nearly absent; ovules several to many. Seeds several in a follicle, ellipsoid-globose, smooth.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    "Sep 5–9, petaloid; pet none; stamens many; staminodes none; pistils 4–many, the style very short; follicles compressed to subterete; low perennial poisonous herbs of wet places, with alternate, petiolate, entire or merely toothed lvs and peduncled, axillary or terminal fls. 15, circumboreal."

  • Provided by: [C].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Literature

    SELECTED REFERENCES

    Smit, P. G. 1973. A revision of Caltha (Ranunculaceae). Blumea 21: 119-150.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Marsh-marigold, populage [Greek name for some yellow-flowered plants]

     Information From

    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • A Flora of North America Association
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • C Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Ranunculaceae
    • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).