Campanula L.
  • Sp. Pl. : 164 (1753)


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2022): Campanula L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000006381. Accessed on: 26 Sep 2022'

General Information

Herbs, perennial, with long horizontal rhizomes or with short caudexes and thickened ± fleshy roots; less often annual. Basal leaves sometimes rosulate; cauline leaves all alternate. Flowers solitary and terminal, or in cymes; cymes paniculate or capitellate, later subtended by an involucre. Calyx adnate to ovary; lobes 5, sometimes with an appendage between lobes. Corolla campanulate, tubular-campanulate, or funnelform, sometimes subrotate, 5-lobed. Filaments dilated; anthers coherent or rarely connate. Disk absent. Ovary inferior, 3-5-locular. Capsules dehiscent by lateral, upper or lower pores, crowned by persistent calyx lobes. Seeds numerous, ellipsoid, smooth.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora of China @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Annual, biennial or perennial herbs, rarely subshrubs, glabrous or hairy

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Capsule dehiscing by lateral pores or valves

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Seeds numerous, ± elliptic in outline.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Stamens 5, free; filaments usually dilated and ciliate at the base

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Ovary ± inferior, 3–5-locular; ovules numerous; style eglandular, with pollen-collecting hairs in the upper part, lower part glabrous or hairy; lobes 3–5

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Inflorescences panicle-, raceme-, spike- or head-like, or flowers solitary

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Leaves alternate, simple

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Corolla campanulate to almost rotate or cylindrical, ± deeply 5-lobed

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Calyx-lobes usually 5, sometimes with reflexed appendages in between them

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Herbes'annuelles, bisannuelles ou vivaces, rarement sous-arbustes.'Feuilles'alternes, simples.'Inflorescences'en cymes paniculiformes, racémiformes, spiciformes ou capituliformes, ou fleurs solitaires.'Fleurs'à calice habituellement à 5 lobes, parfois pourvus entre eux d'appendices réfléchis; corolle campanulée à subrotacée ou cylindrique, ± profondément 5-lobée; étamines 5, libres; filets généralements élargis et ciliés à la base; ovaire ± infère, 3-5-loculaire; ovules nombreux; style dépourvu de glandes, pourvu de poils collecteurs de pollen dans sa partie supérieure, glabre ou poilu dans sa partie inférieure, à 3-5 lobes.'Capsules'déhiscentes par valves ou pores latéraux.'Graines nombreuses, à contour ± elliptique.\n\t\t\t\tGenre comprenant quelque 300 espèces largement distribuées dans l'hémisphère Nord et spécialement abondantes dans la région méditerranéenne et au Moyen-Orient. De nombreuses espèces ont une valeur horticole. Pour la Flore : 1 espèce.

  • Provided by: [D].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Included Species

     Information From

    Campanulaceae
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/Campanulaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2021.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • B
    Flora of China @ efloras.org
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    https://www.floredafriquecentrale.be
    • D http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
    World Flora Online Consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).