Caperonia A. St.-Hil.
  • Hist. Pl. Remarq. Bresil 3/4: 244–247. 1825.
  • False croton [For Natalis (Noël) Caperon or Capperon, d. 1572, apothecary of Orleans]


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Caperonia A. St.-Hil. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000006582. Accessed on: 06 Jul 2020'

General Information

CAPERONIA A. St.-Hil.

Por Grady L. Webster

Hierbas; tallos con tricomas simples y glandulosos, sin látex; plantas monoicas. Hojas alternas, simples, márgenes serrados, pinnatinervias o basalmente triplinervias, nervios laterales rectos y paralelos; estípulas persistentes. Flores en racimos axilares; flores estaminadas con pedicelos articulados, sépalos 5, valvados, pétalos 5, frecuentemente desiguales, disco ausente, estambres 10, connados, anteras en 2 verticilos, pistilodio presente; flores pistiladas sésiles o cortamente pediceladas, sépalos 5, frecuentemente con lobos supernumerarios, pétalos 5, disco obsoleto, ovario 3-locular, muricado, 1 óvulo por lóculo, estilos 3, profundamente 3–7-lobados. Frutos capsulares, verrugosos; semillas esferoides, menudamente foveoladas y con apéndices membranáceos, ecarunculadas.

Género con 35 ó 40 especies de los trópicos y subtrópicos, principalmente en el Nuevo Mundo; 2 especies en Nicaragua.

  • Provided by: [G].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 12
    • ]. 

    Herbs, annual or perennial, sometimes rhizomatous or suffruticose; monoeci- ous (in Panamanian species). Leaves alternate, petiolate, stipulate; blade pin- nately or palmately veined, margin serrate. Inflorescences axillary, usually bisexual, racemiform or spiciform, with 1-5 basal pistillate and several distal staminate flowers; bracts subtending solitary flowers. Staminacte flowers with pedicels articu- late; calyx usually 5-lobed, valvate in the bud; petals 5, often unequal, basally adnate to the staminal column; disc absent; stamens 10, in 2 superposed whorls of 5, the anthers dehiscing longitudinally; pollen grains -+ oblate-spheroidal, reticulate, 6-colporate (in Panamanian species), germ pores large; pistillode present. Pistillate flowers sessile or sometimes short-pedicellate; calyx-lobes typically 5, with 0-5 smaller supernumerary lobes; disc obsolete; ovary of 3 carpels, muricate and sometimes hispidulous as well, the ovules 1 per locule, the styles 3, ? deeply 3-7-lobed. Fruits capsular, verruculose; seeds spheroidal, ecarunculate, minutely foveolate, with narrow raphe, the endosperm copious, the cotyledons broader than radicle.

  • Provided by: [H].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 13
    • ]. 

    Hierbas perennes o anuales de sitios anegados, monoicas (en CR), con indumento de tricomas simples, a veces glandulares, la savia incolora o no evidente; estípulas presentes, persistentes. Hojas alternas, el pecíolo sin glándulas; lámina simple, no lobulada, glandular-aserrada, de otra forma sin glándulas. Infls. axilares, bisexuales, espigadas o racemosas, con las fls. pistiladas (1–5) proximales y las estaminadas distales, con 1 bráctea eglandular por fl. Fls. estaminadas pediceladas, sin disco; sépalos 5, valvados; pétalos 5, imbricados y (usualmente) desiguales, adnatos basalmente a los filamentos estaminales; estambres 10 (en 2 verticilos), separados o connatos solo en la base; pistiloide presente. Fls. pistiladas sésiles o cortamente pediceladas, con disco obsoleto; sépalos 5, iguales o desiguales; pétalos 5, usualmente más angostos que en las fls. estaminadas; ovario muricado o hispídulo, trilocular; óvulos 1 por lóculo; estilos cortos, 3–7-lobulados. Frs. capsulares, híspidos o equinados; semillas finamente reticuladas, sin carúncula.

  • Provided by: [F].Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
  • Herbs [subshrubs], annual [perennial], monoecious [rarely dioecious]; hairs unbranched, sometimes glandular; latex absent. Leaves alternate, simple; stipules present, persistent; petiole present, glands absent; blade unlobed, margins serrate, laminar glands absent; venation pinnate or weakly palmate at base, pinnate distally, secondary veins straight, closely spaced, and parallel [arched, moderately spaced]. Inflorescences bisexual (pistillate flowers proximal, staminate distal) [unisexual], axillary, spikes or racemes; glands subtending each bract 0. Pedicels present or absent. Staminate flowers: sepals 5, valvate, connate basally; petals 5, distinct, adnate to base of staminal column, white; nectary absent; stamens 10, in 2 whorls, connate basally; pistillode present, at top of staminal column. Pistillate flowers: sepals persistent, often enlarging in fruit, 5–8(–10), connate basally, unequal, small outer lobes often present alternating with larger lobes; petals 5(–6) [often rudimentary], distinct, white; nectary absent; pistil 3-carpellate; styles 3, connate basally [distinct], deeply multifid, branches [9–]12–21 per flower. Fruits capsules, densely muricate. Seeds subglobose; caruncle absent. x = 11.

  • Provided by: [I].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 15
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Erect annual or perennial, monoecious or rarely dioecious, generally paludicolous herbs with simple, often hispid or glandular indumentum

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Leaves alternate, shortly petiolate, stipulate, simple, serrate, penninerved or palminerved

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Fruit 3-lobed, hispid or echinate, dehiscing into 3 bivalved cocci; endocarp thinly crustaceous; columella not usually persisent

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Seeds globose, ovoid-subglobose or ovoid-oblong, smooth or weakly rugulose, ecarunculate but with a very thin closely adhering aril which may form a false raphe; albumen fleshy; cotyledons broad, flat.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Inflorescences axillary, spicate or racemose, pedunculate, lax, mostly ♂ but with 1 or more ♀ flowers at the base, each solitary to a bract; bracts small

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Male flowers shortly pedicellate to subsessile; calyx closed in bud, later at least partially splitting into 5 valvate lobes; petals 5, imbricate, free, subequal or markedly unequal, inserted on the staminal column: disc 0; stamens usually 10, rarely fewer, disposed in 2 whorls on the staminal column with the free portion of the filaments spreading, anthers introrse, medifixed, 2-thecous, longitudinally dehiscent; pistillode cylindric, entire or tridenticulate, inserted at the top of the column

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Female flowers shortly pedicellate to subsessile; sepals 5–6(–10), imbricate, equal or unequal, accrescent; petals 5(–6), free, imbricate, often much reduced; disc 0; ovary sessile, 3-locular, with 1 ovule per locule; styles 3, ± free or slightly connate at the base, deeply laciniate

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Indumentum simple, often hispid or glanduliferous.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Monoecious, rarely dioecious, annual or perennial herbs, usually of marshy places.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Leaves alternate, shortly petiolate, stipulate, simple, serrate, penninerved or sometimes palminerved; nerves craspedodromous.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Female flowers shortly pedicellate to subsessile; sepals 5–10, imbricate, equal or unequal, accrescent; petals 5–6, free, imbricate, sometimes much reduced; disk absent; ovary sessile, 3-locular, with 1 ovule per loculus; styles 3, ± free or slightly connate at the base, deeply laciniate.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Fruits 3-lobed, hispid or echinate, dehiscing septicidally into 3 bivalved cocci; endocarp thinly crustaceous.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Inflorescences axillary, spicate or racemose, pedunculate, distally male, proximally female; bracts small, 1-flowered.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Male flowers shortly pedicellate; calyx closed in bud, later splitting, at least partially, into 5 valvate lobes; petals 5, imbricate, free, subequal or unequal, inserted on the staminal column; disk absent; stamens 10, rarely fewer, partially fused into a column, biseriate, anthers introrse, medifixed, 2-celled, longitudinally dehiscent; pistillode cylindric, entire or 3-lobed, situated at the top of the staminal column.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Seeds ovoid or globose, smooth, punctate or lineate, ecarunculate, but with a very thin closely adherent aril which may leave a false raphe; albumen fleshy; cotyledons broad, flat.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Habit

    Herbs

  • Provided by: [H].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 13
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    A predominantly American genus of 35-40 species,

  • Provided by: [H].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 13
    • ]. 

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    False croton [For Natalis (Noël) Caperon or Capperon, d. 1572, apothecary of Orleans]

     Information From

    Euphorbiaceae
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • D
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • E
    Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Costa%20Rica
    Hammel, B. E.; Grayum, M. H.; Herrera, C.; Zamora, N. Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2003-2014
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • G Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • H Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • I Flora of North America Association
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • J CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).