Caryota L.
  • Sp. Pl. 2: 1189. 1753. (1 May 1753)
  • Fishtail palm [Greek caryon, nut]


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Caryota L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000006870. Accessed on: 04 Jul 2020'

General Information

Stems small to very large, solitary or clustered, columnar or swollen, usually ringed with conspicuous leaf scars. Leaves 4-20, spread out along stem, or borne in a compact crown at top of stem; leaf sheaths closed, not forming crownshafts; petioles short or elongate and then rounded in cross section, covered with whitish or brownish hairs, sometimes striped; leaves bipinnate, each primary pinna made up of several secondary pinnae borne on a secondary rachis terminated by a pinna; individual secondary pinnae triangular, with jagged outer margins, often spreading in different planes. Plants monoecious, semelparous, flowering proceeding from top of stem downward (basipetal). Inflorescences usually branched to 1 order, rarely spicate, borne either among or below leaves, covered with many persistent bracts; peduncle bearing a prophyll and several peduncular bracts; rachillae usually many, long and pendulous; flowers unisexual, borne in threes of 1 central female and 2 lateral male; male petals either yellow or purplish; stamens 6-150. Fruits orange, red, or purple, medium sized, usually ± globose, 1- or 2-seeded; mesocarp filled with irritant needle-shaped crystals; endosperm ruminate (homogeneous in one species); germination remote; eophylls bifid [pinnate in one species] with jagged margins.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Stems solitary or clustered, slender to massive, smooth, with conspicuous nodal rings. Leaves: blade 2-pinnate (1-pinnate in juvenile plants); plication induplicate; segments cuneate, in 1 plane; apices jagged and irregular; basal segments not modified into spines. Inflorescences initiated basipetally, first one appearing terminal, successive one borne axillary among leaves, and later ones below leaves, pendulous, paniculate, with 1 order of branching [spicate]; prophyll small; peduncular bracts numerous, tubular. Flowers unisexual, sessile, borne in triads of 1 pistillate flower flanked by 2 staminate flowers. Staminate flowers: sepals 3, imbricate, free; petals 3, connate basally, valvate; stamens numerous [6], free; pistillode absent. Pistillate flowers: sepals 3, imbricate, free; petals 3, connate for nearly 1/2 length, valvate; staminodial lobes present or absent; pistils 1, 3-loculate; ovules 1 per locule; styles indistinct; stigmas 3-lobed. Fruits berries, globular; exocarp purple, smooth; mesocarp fleshy, containing irritating raphides; endocarp absent. Seeds globular; endosperm ruminate [homogeneous]; embryo lateral; eophyll 2-cleft, segments fan-shaped. n = 17.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    CARYOTA L.

    Por Carmen Ulloa Ulloa

    Caryota urens L., Sp. Pl. 1189. 1753.

    Palmas solitarias, 6–12 m de alto y 60 cm de diámetro, inermes; tallos robustos, blanquecinos; plantas monoicas. Hojas 7–15, 3–5 m de largo, bipinnadas; pínnulas numerosas, en forma de cola de pescado, hasta 15 cm de largo y 8 cm de ancho, dispuestas en forma regular a lo largo del raquis secundario, con varios nervios principales que surgen de la base, margen superior premorso, raquis 3–4 m de largo; vaina y pecíolo ca 1.5 m de largo, cubiertos por un denso indumento y escamas de color café, vaina desintegrándose en fibras gruesas y negras. Inflorescencias interfoliares o intrafoliares, 300–400 cm de largo, brácteas pedunculares ca 8, conspicuas, grandes, envolviendo a la inflorescencia cuando en yema, tubulares y partiéndose irregularmente, densamente tomentosas o escamosas, ramas más de 50, colgantes, 200–250 cm de largo, bisexuales; porción distal de las raquillas con tríades protandras, arregladas en espiral; flores estaminadas más o menos alargadas, sépalos más o menos libres, pétalos valvados, connados en la base, estambres 6–100; flores pistiladas globosas, sépalos imbricados, pétalos connados 1/3–1/2 en un tubo basal, estaminodios 0–6. Frutos redondeados, 1.2–1.5 mm de diámetro, residuo estigmático apical, epicarpo liso, mesocarpo carnoso lleno de cristales aguijonosos, endocarpo no diferenciado, rojizo-morados al madurar; semillas 1–2, endosperma ruminado, eofilo bífido con segmentos premorsos.

    Cultivada como ornamental; fr sep; Sandino 3540; nativa de India y Malaya. Género con ca 12 especies distribuidas desde Sri Lanka, India, sur de China, sureste de Asia y Malasia hasta el norte de Australia y las Islas Solomón. "Cola de pescado".

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Fishtail palm [Greek caryon, nut]

     Information From

    Arecaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • C Flora of North America Association
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).