Cassipourea Aubl.
  • Hist. Pl. Guiane 1: 528. 1775. (Jun-Dec 1775)


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Cassipourea Aubl. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000006916. Accessed on: 04 Dec 2020'

General Information

2. Cassipourea Aubl.

Por F.R. Barrie.

Arbustos o árboles. Hojas opuestas, membranáceas, ovadas, elípticas u obovadas, glabrescentes, los márgenes enteros a dentados o serrados. Inflorescencias axilares, las flores solitarias o fasciculadas, sésiles o pediceladas. Flores bisexuales, hipóginas, ebracteadas; cáliz 4-7-lobado, campanulado o patente, glabrescente o seríceo; pétalos 4-7, insertados en la base del disco membranáceo, espatulados, glabros o seríceos, blancos, los márgenes fimbriados o laciniados; estambres 8-40, con filamentos insertados en la base del disco o connatos basalmente; ovario libre o adnato a la base del cáliz, 2-4-locular; estilo simple, persistente en el fruto; estigma capitado o someramente lobado. Fruto en cápsula dehiscente, coriácea, septífraga; semillas 1 por lóculo, ariladas. 60 spp. S. de México, Mesoamérica, Sudamérica tropical, Antillas, S. de India, Sri Lanka, África tropical.

La única especie en Mesoamérica es Cassipourea elliptica.

Bibliografía: Alston, A.H.G. Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew, 1925: 241-276 (1925).

  • Provided by: [E].Flora Mesoamericana
    • Source: [
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    CASSIPOUREA Aubl.

    Cassipourea elliptica (Sw.) Poir., Encycl., Suppl. 2: 131. 1811; Legnotis elliptica Sw.; C. belizensis Lundell; C. podantha Standl.

    Arbustos o árboles hasta 10 m de alto, ramas jóvenes glabras, raíces zancudas ausentes. Hojas elípticas o lanceoladas, 4–12.5 cm de largo y 2–5.5 cm de ancho, ápice obtuso a agudo o acuminado-falcado, base cuneada a redondeada, márgenes enteros a menudamente serrados, glabras o a veces con largos tricomas adpresos en el envés, coriáceas, nervios principales anastomosados cerca de los márgenes; pecíolos 2–5 mm de largo, glabros; estípulas subpersistentes a caducas, 4–5 mm de largo, aplicado-pilosas por fuera. Inflorescencia usualmente de numerosas flores en fascículos en las axilas de las hojas o raramente flores solitarias; pedicelos 2–5 mm de largo, articulados en el ápice, glabros; brácteas basales, diminutas; cáliz campanulado, 4–5 mm de largo, 4–5-lobado, los lobos frecuentemente pequeños e indefinidos, glabros por fuera, densamente seríceos por dentro; pétalos 4–5, unguiculados, ampliamente espatulados, laciniados, elaboradamente fimbriados, densamente blanco-pilosos, blancos; estambres 12–30, insertos en el margen del disco tubular, las bases ligeramente connadas; ovario súpero, 3-locular, aplicado-piloso, estigma capitado, inconspicuamente 3–4-lobado. Cápsula oblonga, escasamente pilosa, coronada por el cáliz persistente.

    Común en manglares de la costa atlántica, ocasional en bosques nublados de la zona norcentral; 0–1200 m; fl ene–sep, fr mar–oct; Stevens 11682, 20067; Honduras a Panamá y costa pacífica de Colombia y Ecuador, abundante en las Antillas. Un género con 70 especies, principalmente africanas y extendiéndose al sur de India, Sri Lanka y las Islas Comores, ca 10 especies en América tropical. Esta especie fue tratada como C. guianensis Aubl. en la Flora of Guatemala.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 9
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    Trees or shrubs, with slim branchlets. Leaves opposite, coriaceous or mem- branaceous, simple, with caducous interpetiolar stipules. Flowers perfect and regular, solitary to fascicled in the axils of the upper leaves, bracteate, with articu- lated pedicels. Calyx coriaceous, 4- to 7-lobed, valvate, hairy or glabrous, cam- panulate to spreading. Petals unguiculate and often elaborately fimbriate or lacerate, inflexed, pubescent or glabrous. Stamens 8-40, inserted on or outside the disc, filaments equal to or longer than the calyx. Ovary 2- to 4-locular, hypogynous or slightly adnate to the base of the calyx, surrounded by a fleshy or membranaceous disc, each locule with 2 pendulous ovules; style filiform or stout. Fruit a fleshy capsule, septifragal; seeds 2-4, arillate.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora de Panama
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    • 10
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    Morphology

    Fruit a fleshy or leathery, septicidally dehiscent capsule.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
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    Stamens 8–45, inserted on the margin of, or inside or outside, the disk; filaments filiform; anthers glabrous or rarely pubescent, dehiscing longitudinally.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
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    Disk deep, 8–45-lobed or low, fairly conspicuously lobed (or ? absent).

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
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    Ovary superior to subinferior, (l)2–4(5)-locular, each locule 2-ovulate, hairy to glabrous; style simple (very rarely divided), filiform to ± thick, minutely lobed to entire at the apex, often persistent.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
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    Flowers bisexual, pedicellate (pedicels articulate, with or without a pair of minute connate bracteoles, inserted usually at their base) to sessile.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
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    Inflorescence 1-many-flowered, fasciculate, lax or congested, axillary.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
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    Seeds 2–4, compressed or angular, arillate; testa leathery; endosperm fleshy; embryo straight; cotyledons flat.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
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    Petals linear or spathulate, divided above (usually laciniate), clawed, glabrous to pilose, inflexed in bud, inserted on the margin of the disk or at the bottom of the calyx-tube (at the base and outside the disk).

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
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    Calyx pilose or glabrous; calyx-tube ± campanulate, sometimes ± adnate to the ovary; calyx-lobes 4–7.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
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    Small shrubs to tall trees, without aerial roots.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
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    Leaves decussate or rarely verticillate, petiolate, stipulate; leaf-lamina ± elliptic to obovate or ovate, rarely circular, serrate (especially from near the middle towards the apex) to entire, leathery to membranous, glabrous to densely tomentose.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
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    Calyx connate, sometimes adnate to the ovary, variously campanulate, 4–7-lobed; lobes valvate

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    • 7
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    Flowers solitary to numerous and fascicled; pedicels articulate

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 7
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    Leaves decussate or rarely verticillate, elliptic to more rarely obovate or ovate, rarely circular, leathery to membranous, very usually petiolate, entire to serrate, especially towards the apex

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 7
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    Small shrubs to large trees, without aerial roots

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Fruit a thinly fleshy septicidally dehiscent capsule; seeds 2–4, arillate, with a leathery testa; endosperm fleshy; embryo straight with flat cotyledons.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Ovary superior, half-inferior or sub-inferior, 2–4-celled; style often persistent

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    • 7
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    Stamens 8–45, variously inserted in relation to the disc (which may be very little developed or ? absent)

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Petals inflexed in bud, margin divided above (usually laciniate), usually glabrous

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Arbres ou arbustes .'Feuilles'opposées à verticillées, stipulées. Cymes contractés, le plus souvent réduites à des fascicules.'Fleurs'4-5(-7)-mères, à pédicelle articulé; pétales découpés en lanières vers le sommet; disque diversement développé; étamines 8-40; anthères à déhiscence longitudinale, glabres à pubescentes; ovaire supère à semi-infère, 2-3(-4)-loculaire, à placentation axile et 2 ovules par loge, pubescent à glabre; style simple.'Capsules'septicides.'Graines généralement 1 par loge, arillées.\n\t\t\t\tGenre comprenant quelques dizaines d'espèces en Afrique, en Asie et en Amérique. Pour la Flore: 10 espèces.

  • Provided by: [G].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    • Source: [
    • 12
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    Habit

    Trees shrubs

  • Provided by: [F].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Included Species

     Information From

    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • A Missouri Botanical Garden
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • D
    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    https://www.floredafriquecentrale.be
    • G http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • H
    Rhizophoraceae
    • I CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • J CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).