Catharanthus G. Don
  • Gen. Hist. 4: 71, 94–95. 1837.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Catharanthus G. Don. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000006992. Accessed on: 21 Sep 2021'

General Information

Herbs erect, perennial and often woody at base, juice watery. Leaves opposite; petiole short, intra- and interpetiolar glands present; leaf blade herbaceous to somewhat leathery, entire. Flowers terminal and axillary, solitary or rarely in 2- or 3-flowered cymes. Sepals small, narrowly oblong, awl-shaped, without glands. Corolla purple, red, pink, or white, salverform; tube glabrous or sparsely puberulent, throat constricted, woolly to velvety; lobes spreading, obliquely obovate, overlapping to left, apex apiculate. Stamens inserted in widened portion of corolla tube; anthers free, oblong, base obtuse; disc of 2 glands. Ovaries 2; ovules numerous. Style filiform; pistil head with a cylindric base and reflexed hyaline frill. Follicles 2, cylindric, apex acute. Seeds black, oblong, testa rugose.

  • Provided by: [G].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
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    9. Catharanthus G. Don

    Por J.F. Morales.

    Hierbas subherbáceas, anuales o perennes; tallos con secreción lechosa, glabros a pubescentes. Hojas opuestas, eglandulares, sin coléteres en el nervio central del haz, las láminas glabras a variadamente pubescentes, sin domacios. Inflorescencias axilares, cimosas, sésiles o subsésiles, con 1-4 flores; brácteas inconspicuas. Flores con un cáliz de 5 sépalos, iguales o subiguales, subfoliáceos, sin coléteres en la base de la cara adaxial; corola hipocraterimorfa, sin estructuras coronales accesorias, el tubo recto, engrosado en la posición de los estambres, el limbo actinomorfo, la estivación sinistrorsa; estambres incluidos, las anteras no conniventes ni aglutinadas a la cabeza estigmática; gineceo 2-carpelar, los óvulos numerosos; nectarios usualmente 2. Frutos en folículos apocárpicos, cilíndricos a subcilíndricos, fusiformes, continuos, membranáceos; semillas secas, desnudas, sin coma apical. 4 spp. Principalmente en Magadascar.

    Bibliografía: van Bergen, M.A. Agric. Univ. Wageningen Pap. 96: 9-46 (1996). Plaizier, A.C. Meded. Landbouwhogesch. Wageningen 81: 1-12 (1986).

    La única especie en Mesoamérica es Catharanthus roseus .

  • Provided by: [E].Flora Mesoamericana
    • Source: [
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    CATHARANTHUS G. Don

    Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 95. 1837; Vinca rosea L.

    Hierbas con látex acuoso. Hojas opuestas, oblongo-elípticas a obovado-elípticas, 2–7 cm de largo y 1–4 cm de ancho, ápice inconspicuamente apiculado, base obtusa a cuneada. Inflorescencia con pocas flores purpúreas o blancas en las axilas de las hojas superiores, sésiles; sépalos sublineares, 2–3 mm de largo; corola hipocrateriforme, tubo hasta 3 cm, los lobos ampliamente obovados, 1–2 cm de largo. Frutos 2 folículos erectos, apocárpicos, cada uno 2–3 cm de largo y 2–3 mm de ancho; semillas glabras, sin alas.

    Cultivada y también naturalizada como maleza en áreas secas; 0–200 m; fl la mayor parte del año; Araquistain 41, Moreno 7216; nativa de Madagascar. El género consta de 4 especies más, mayormente endémicas de Madagascar, pero 1 en la India. "Primorosa".

  • Provided by: [F].Flora de Nicaragua
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    Morphology

    Sepals narrowly to very narrowly oblong, subulate, eglandular.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
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    Flowers actinomorphic.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
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    Corolla purple, red, pink, or white, hypocrateriform; tube laxly puberulous or glabrous, constricted and woolly to velvety at the throat; lobes spreading, obliquely obovate, spiculate.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
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    Herbs, perennial or annual, often woody at the base, branched to a varying degree.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
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    Inflorescences terminal, but apparently lateral due to pseudomonopodial continuation of the stem by alternating development of one of the axillary buds of the apical pair of leaves, 1–2-flowered.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
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    Leaves herbaceous to thinly coriaceous, opposite, mucronate, with a fringe or intra- and interpetiolar colleters.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
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    Fruit composed of two follicles; follicles cylindrical, acute.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
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    Seed black, oblong; testa rugose; hilum lateral; cotyledons flat, shorter than the radicle; endosperm scanty.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
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    Stamens inserted at the widest portion of the corolla-tube (usually above the middle); anthers oblong obtuse at the base.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
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    Ovary of two very narrowly oblong carpels; disk composed of two narrowly triangular to narrowly oblong glands, the bases of which touch each other at the abaxial sides of the carpels; style filiform; clavuncula cylindrical, at the base provided with a reflexed hyaline frill; ovules numerous.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

     Information From

    Apocynaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • D
    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • G Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • H CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).