Ceiba Mill.
  • Gard. Dict. Abr. (ed. 4) [287]. 1754. (28 Jan 1754)


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Ceiba Mill. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000007120. Accessed on: 27 Oct 2021'

General Information

Trees, deciduous; trunk swollen and/or buttressed, trunk and branches usually spiny. Petiole long; leaf blade palmately compound; leaflets 3-5(-9), shortly petiolulate, both surfaces glabrous, abaxially gray-white, base attenuate, margin serrate or entire. Flowers blooming before or simultaneously with leaf flush, solitary or 2-15-fascicled, pendulous, axillary or subterminal, actinomorphic, rarely zygomorphic. Calyx campanulate, truncate or irregularly 3-5(-12)-lobed, thickly fleshy, persistent. Petals 5, pink or yellow-white, connate at base and coherent to staminal tube, falling with stamens and style. Stamens (3-)5-15; filament tube short, sometimes thickened or with sterile appendages, free parts of filament long to absent, each bearing 2(or 3) straight to strongly twisted thecae. Ovary syncarpous, 5-locular; ovules many per cell; style filiform; stigma capitate to lobulate. Capsule oblong or nearly obovate, pendulous, woody or leathery, loculicidally dehiscent into 5(or 6) valves, inner walls densely woolly. Seeds many, enclosed in wool.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    CEIBA Mill.; Chorisia Kunth

    Arboles grandes, frecuentemente con contrafuertes conspicuos, el tronco generalmente espinoso, al menos cuando joven. Hojas palmaticompuestas; peciólulos articulados con el ápice del pecíolo. Cáliz grueso; pseudoestambres 5, los filamentos fusionados en la base, cada pseudoestambre con una antera con 1–3 tecas espiraladas; estigma capitado o ligeramente 5-lobado. Fruto una cápsula elipsoide, leñosa; semillas redondeadas y numerosas, envueltas en un kapok abundante y sedoso.

    Un género con 10–12 especies distribuidas de México a Sudamérica; 2 especies en Nicaragua. Ceiba rosea (Seem.) K. Schum. pertenece al grupo de Spirotheca el cual parece ser genéricamente distinto; esta especie es rara de Panamá al norte de Costa Rica y eventualmente se podría encontrar en Nicaragua.

    P.E. Gibbs, J. Semir y N.D. da Cruz. A proposal to unite the genera Chorisia Kunth and Ceiba Miller (Bombacaceae). Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 45: 125–136. 1988.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Trees, infrequently strangler epiphytes, generally tall, deciduous, armed or unarmed, the trunk buttressed or not. Leaves petiolate, compound-digitate; leaflets 5-9, articulate, the blade often denticulate near the apex. Inflorescences grouped toward the tip of the branchlets, axillary, fasciculate, or flowers solitary or geminate. Flotwers hermaphrodite, actinomorphous, sometimes subzygomorphous, with tufted hairs, pedicellate, bracteolate, the bractlets fugacious; receptacle eglandular; calyx campanulate to more or less tubiform, truncate or irregularly lobed, persistent or accrescent; petals 5, adnate to the base of the staminal column, fleshy; stamens 5, the staminal column conical or the lower part cylindric and thickened and the upper part conical, sometimes provided with one whorl of staminodia, the filaments bearing each 1-3 linear to anfractuose anthers; anthers 1- to 2(-4)-thecate, longi- tudinally dehiscent; pollen colporate, the sexine reticulate; ovary superior to sub- inferior, sessile, 5-celled, the cells many-ovulate; style filiform or dilated upward; stigma capitate or 5-lobulate. Capsules coriaceous to ligneous, loculicidally 5- valvate, the central columella winged and persistent; seeds numerous, obovoid or subglobose, imbedded in copious kapok; cotyledons epigeal and expanded above the ground level, opposite, petiolate, folded and foliaceous.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 8
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    Morphology

    Seeds many, surrounded by the wool of the endocarp; endosperm thin or absent; cotyledons much contorted.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Stamens (10-)15, in 5 bundles, united near the base into a filament-tube; each phalange of 3 connate filaments bearing 2-3 straight or coiled anther-thecae, each bundle alternipetalous

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Capsule a woody or coriaceous 5-valved capsule

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Ovary 5-locular, each locule with many ovules; stigma club-shaped, pentagonal

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Leaves digitately compound, with caducous stipules

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Flowers axillary or subterminal, solitary or fasciculate

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Calyx cupular, truncate or 3-5-lobed

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Petals 5, imbricate, connate at the base to the staminal tube

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Trees, often spiny

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Leaves digitately 3–9 (or very rarely more)-foliolate.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 5
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    Flowers moderately large, axillary or subterminal, solitary in the axils or often fasciculate.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Calyx 5-lobed.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Petals 5.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Stamens (10) 15, united in 5 phalanges, each bearing 2–3 coiled anther-thecae and united below in a tube.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Tall trees, often spiny.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Ovary 5-locular, loculi multiovulate; stigma club-shaped, pentagonal.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Capsule a woody or coriaceous 5-valved capsule.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Seeds many, embedded in a copious wool.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Arbres'généralement grands, parfois épiphytes étrangleurs, caducifoliés, à contreforts aliformes ou sans contreforts, aiguillonnés ou non.'Feuilles'digitées, pétiolées; folioles 5-9, articulées; limbe souvent denticulé vers le sommet.'Inflorescences'axillaires, à fleurs en fascicules, géminées ou solitaires, à l'extrémité des rameaux défeuillés.'Fleurs'actinomorphes, rarement subzygomorphes, à indument de poils en bouquets, pédicellées; calice campanulé, tronqué ou irrégulièrement lobé, persistant ou accrescent; pétales 5, adnés à la base du tube staminal, charnus; étamines 5, en 1 verticille, alternipétales; tube staminal conique ou cylindrique, parfois pourvu d'un verticille de staminodes; filets à 1-3 anthères linéaires ou anfractueuses, 1-2(4)-thèques, à déhiscence longitudinale; grains de pollen 3-colporés, pleurotrèmes, à sexine réticulée; ovaire supère à semi-infère, sessile, à 5 loges multiovulées; style filiforme ou brusquement épaissi obliquement au-dessus du tube staminal; stigmate capité ou 5-lobulé.'Capsules'coriaces à ligneuses, loculicides en 5 valves; columelle à côtes ailées, persistante.'Graines nombreuses, obovoïdes ou subglobuleuses, subexalbuminées; kapok abondant.\n\t\t\t\t\n\t\t\t\t\t Plantules glabres, à racine pivotante; cotylédons épanouis au-dessus du niveau du sol, entiers, opposés, plissés, foliacés.\n\t\t\t\tGenre pantropical, dont la grande majorité des espèces sont américaines; pour la Flore, 1 espèce.

  • Provided by: [B].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Habit

    Trees

  • Provided by: [A].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    A pantropical genus of which most of the species are native to tropical America; two species are reported from Panama.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

     Information From

    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • A Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    https://www.floredafriquecentrale.be
    • B http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Malvaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • F
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • G
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • H CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).