Chionanthus L.
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 8. 1753. (1 May 1753)


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Chionanthus L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000007910. Accessed on: 21 Oct 2021'

General Information

Trees or shrubs, usually evergreen. Leaves opposite, simple, petiolate; leaf blade entire. Inflorescences axillary or rarely terminal panicles, sometimes cymes, umbels, heads, racemes, or fascicles. Flowers bisexual. Calyx small, 4-toothed or 4-lobed. Corolla white or yellow, 4-parted; lobes almost free to base or united into a very short tube or joined in pairs at base, valvate in bud. Stamens 2, inserted at base of corolla lobes; anthers elliptic or long elliptic, subextrorse. Ovules 2 in each locule, pendulous. Style short; stigma entire or 2-cleft. Fruit a drupe; endocarp bony. Seeds usually 1; endosperm fleshy or absent; radicle upward.

  • Provided by: [G].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
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    2. Chionanthus L.

    Por P.S Green.

    Arbustos o árboles, perennifolios, deciduos en especies templadas, bisexuales. Hojas opuestas, enteras o dentadas, más o menos coriáceas, simples. Inflorescencias cimosas, dicasiales, paniculadas o fasciculadas, axilares o terminales (Mesoamérica). Flores bisexuales, blancas o amarillas, a menudo fragantes. Cáliz corto; tubo más o menos campanulado o cupulado; lobos 4, persistentes. Corola con el tubo muy corto u obsoleto; lobos 4, generalmente divididos hasta la base y unidos en pares por las bases de los filamentos, lineares o cortamente oblongos, valvado-induplicados. Estambres 2; filamentos cortos, insertados en la base de los lobos de la corola; anteras globosas, elípticas u oblongas, frecuentemente con el conectivo extendido en un apéndice corto. Ovario globoso-cónico, con 2 óvulos apicales o laterales por lóculo; estilo terminal, corto; estigma casi sésil, 2-lobado a subcapitado. Fruto en drupa azulosa o negro-purpúrea cuando madura; mesocarpo carnoso; endocarpo óseo o crustáceo, con o sin endospermo. Aprox. 100 spp. América tropical, África y Asia, unas pocas especies en regiones templadas de N. América y China.

    Bibliografía: Stearn, W.T. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 63: 355-357 (1976).

  • Provided by: [E].Flora Mesoamericana
    • Source: [
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    CHIONANTHUS L.; Linociera Sw. ex Schreb.

    Arboles o arbustos, erectos, siempreverdes (en Nicaragua) o deciduos; plantas hermafroditas. Hojas opuestas, simples, márgenes enteros (en Nicaragua) o dentados. Inflorescencias terminales o axilares, cimosas, paniculadas (en Nicaragua) o fasciculadas; cáliz pequeño, campanulado o cupuliforme, lobos 4; corola blanquecina (en Nicaragua), amarilla o rosada, tubo obsoleto o muy corto, lobos 4, generalmente divididos hasta la base y unidos en pares por las bases de los filamentos, lineares a angostamente lanceolados, induplicado-valvados; estambres 2, filamentos cortos; estilo corto. Fruto una drupa, azulada o morado-negra cuando madura; semillas 1 ó 2.

    Un género con ca 100 especies de Asia tropical y subtropical, Africa y América, con unas pocas especies en la zona templada del este de Asia y Norteamérica; 1 especie se conoce en Nicaragua y una segunda se espera encontrar.

    W.T. Stearn. Union of Chionanthus and Linociera (Oleaceae). Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 63: 355–357. 1977; P.S. Green. A revision of Chionanthus (Oleaceae) in S. America and the description of Priogymnanthus, gen. nov. Kew Bull. 49: 261–286. 1994.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
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    Trees, deciduous or evergreen; twigs often with prominent lenticels. Leaves opposite, entire, pinnately veined, mostly glandular-punctate or with minute peltate trichomes beneath, sometimes with simple hairs as well; petioles slender; exstipulate. Inflorescences mostly terminal panicles, the branching opposite, dichasial; scalelike bracts and bracteoles present. Flowers mostly white, some- times drying yellowish; calyx cupular or funnelform, mostly with 4 deltoid lobes; corolla with a short tube and ca. 4 elongate, linear, straplike petals; stamens 2, inserted opposite one another near the top of the corolla tube between the petals, the filaments short and glabrous, the anthers oblong to ellipsoidal, latrorse with a broad connective produced into an apicule or umbo; style short, cylindrical, apically 2-lobed, the lobes ventrally stigmatic, sometimes basally connate, the ovary 2-loculed with 2 pendulous ovules in each locule. Fruits ellipsoidal or ob- long, 1-seeded drupes.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 8
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    • ]. 

    "Fls seemingly perfect; cal minute; cor divided nearly to the base, the 4 lobes narrowly linear; stamens 2, inserted on the short cor-tube, the anthers large, oblong, the filaments very short; ovules 2 per locule; style short, slender; fr an ovoid or ellipsoid drupe with very thin exocarp; shrubs or small trees with simple, entire lvs and conspicuous white fls in loose panicles from the axils of the previous year. 2, the other in e. Asia."

  • Provided by: [D].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 11
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    Morphology

    Seed lacking endosperm.

  • Provided by: [I].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
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    Stamens 2, inserted on corolla tube; anthers introrse.

  • Provided by: [I].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
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    Corolla valvate, with very short tube and linear lobes, these strongly concave, with incurved margins and cucullate apex.

  • Provided by: [I].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
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    Fruit a 1–seeded drupe.

  • Provided by: [I].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
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    Ovary subglobose, bilocular, with 2 ventral or pendent ovules per loculus; style short, stigma subcapitate.

  • Provided by: [I].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Leaves simple, opposite, entire, not lepidote; acarodomatia usually present.

  • Provided by: [I].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Trees and shrubs, evergreen (in F.Z. area) or rarely deciduous.

  • Provided by: [I].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
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    Calyx deeply lobed.

  • Provided by: [I].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Flowers in axillary paniculate cymes or fascicles, 4–merous.

  • Provided by: [I].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Habit

    Trees

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Included Species

    Synonyms

     Information From

    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • A Missouri Botanical Garden
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • D Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • G Missouri Botanical Garden
    Oleaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • H CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • I
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • J CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).