Coccinia Wight & Arn.
  • Prodr. Fl. Ind. Orient. 1: 347–348. 1834.
  • Ivy gourd [Latin coccineus, scarlet, alluding to mature fruit of C. grandis]


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Coccinia Wight & Arn. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000008713. Accessed on: 18 Sep 2021'

General Information

Plants perennial, dioecious, climbing or trailing; stems , glabrous or glabrate [flocculent-arachnoid]; roots tuberous; tendrils unbranched [2-branched]. Leaves: blade broadly ovate to rounded-cordate, subreniform, or deltate, unlobed or palmately 5-angular or -lobed, lobes deltate or triangular to broadly angular-elliptic, margins denticulate, adaxial surface with circular, sessile scales [hirsute to hirsutulous], often with glands on both sides of midrib near petiole. Inflorescences: staminate flowers solitary, [clustered, racemose, or in spikes], axillary; pistillate flowers solitary, axillary [racemose]; bracts absent. Flowers: hypanthium campanulate to turbinate; sepals 5, linear to subulate; petals 5, connate 1/2 length, bright white, often slightly green-veined [brownish yellow or orange], ovate to ovate-triangular, [8–]15–20[–62] mm, hirtellous or puberulent-hirtellous to glabrate, corolla campanulate. Staminate flowers: stamens 3; filaments inserted near hypanthium base, connate; thecae connate into central column and forming central oblong body, sigmoid-triplicate, connective broadened; pistillodes absent. Pistillate flowers: ovary 3-locular, ovoid to fusiform; ovules ca. 15–40 per locule; style 1, narrowly columnar; stigma 1, 3-lobed; staminodes 3. Fruits pepos, usually green with white streaks or lines, sometimes red to scarlet at maturity, broadly cylindric to ellipsoid-cylindric, smooth, , indehiscent, . Seeds 30–50[–120], asymmetrically pyriform [ovoid or broadly ellipsoid], compressed, arillate, margins thickened or not bordered, surface fibrillose. x = 12.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
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    COCCINIA Wight & Arn.

    Coccinia grandis (L.) Voigt, Hort. Suburb. Calcutt. 59. 1845; Bryonia grandis L.

    Trepadoras de hasta 20 m; tallos glabros, herbáceos, tornándose suavemente leñosos con la edad; dioicas. Hojas ampliamente ovadas, 3–11.5 cm de largo y 3.5–15.5 cm de ancho, agudas a obtusas, apiculadas en el ápice, cordadas en la base, denticulado-glandulares, glabras, con glándulas discoidales en el envés cerca de la base, 3–5-palmatilobadas, los lobos usualmente triangulares, el lobo central más grande; pecíolos 1–5 cm de largo; zarcillos no ramificados. Flores estaminadas solitarias o en fascículos de 2–4 flores, pedicelos 7–70 mm de largo, hipanto campanulado, 3–7 mm de largo, sépalos 5, distantes, angostos, 2.5–6 mm de largo, corola campanulada, amarillo pálida a blanca, con nervios verdes, pétalos 5, unidos hasta cerca de la mitad, 1.5–2 cm de largo, estambres 3, todos con 2 tecas, anteras unidas y formando un capítulo globoso, tecas convolutas; flores pistiladas usualmente solitarias, pedicelo 4–25 mm de largo, hipanto cortamente cilíndrico, 2–7 mm de largo, perianto similar al de las flores estaminadas, corola más bien más grande, ovario elipsoide-cilíndrico, liso, 5–15 mm de largo, placentas 3, óvulos numerosos, horizontales, estigmas 3. Frutos elipsoides, 3–6 cm de largo, 1.5–3.5 cm de ancho, de cáscara delgada, carnosos, lisos, indehiscentes, con numerosas semillas, rojo brillantes cuando maduros, pedúnculo 8–40 mm de largo; semillas asimétricamente ovadas, ca 6 mm de largo, 3 mm de ancho y 1.5 mm de grueso, comprimidas, fibrosas.

    Cultivada, Managua; Garnier A233; nativa de los Paleotrópicos, esporádicamente cultivada en los países tropicales como planta ornamental. Un género con 30 especies, todas excepto la presente confinadas al sur y parte tropical de Africa.

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    Herbs, climbing. Roots tuberous. Branches glabrous or slightly scabrous. Tendrils simple, rarely 2-fid. Leaf blade angled or divided. Plants dioecious or rarely monoecious. Male flowers solitary or in a cyme or raceme; calyx tube short, campanulate or turbinate; segments 5; corolla campanulate; segments 5; stamens 3, inserted at base of calyx tube; filaments connate; anthers connivent, one 1-celled, two 2-celled; anther cells reflexed; connective not produced. Female flowers solitary; calyx and corolla as in male flowers; staminodes 3, oblong or subulate; ovary ovoid, oblong, or linear; placentas 3; ovules numerous, horizontal; style filiform; stigma 3-lobed. Fruit ovoid or oblong, baccate, indehiscent. Seeds numerous, compressed, marginate.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
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    Morphology

    Male flowers solitary, clustered or shortly racemose.

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    Receptacle-tube usually short and broad, obconic-campanulate; lobes entire, often small, remote and dentiform, sometimes larger.

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    Corolla distinctly gamopetalous, 5-lobed, lobes entire.

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    Stamens usually 3, all 2-thecous, less often two 2-thecous, one 1-thecous; filaments inserted on receptacle-tube, usually ± connate or at least coherent into a central column; anthers connate or coherent into a globose head, rarely free; connectives broad; thecae flexuous.

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    Female flowers solitary or rarely racemose; ovary smooth; ovules many, horizontal; stigma 3-lobed.

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    Fruit globose to ellipsoid-rostrate or cylindrical, usually terete, thin-walled, fleshy, bright red when mature.

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    Seeds ovate in outline, ± compressed; testa fibrillose or minutely rugulose, pale-coloured.

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    Flowers creamy-white to deep orange-yellow, sometimes with a pinkish tinge, dioecious.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Probracts present.

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    Tendrils simple or proximally 2-fid.

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    Leaves simple, petiolate or sessile, usually very variable in shape.

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    Scandent perennial herbs.

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    Fig. 8.

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    Seeds small, ± compressed, ovate in outline; testa fibrillose

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    Medium-sized climbers or trailers

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    Leaves simple, usually very variable in shape

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    Tendrils simple or proximally bifid

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    Probracts present

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    Flowers medium to large, orange-buff, yellow or brownish-yellow, rarely whitish, often green-veined, dioecious

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Male flowers solitary, clustered or more usually shortly racemose; receptacle-tube relatively short and broad; lobes entire, often small and dentiform, less often large and calyx-like; corolla distinctly gamopetalous, 5-lobed; lobes entire and devoid of basal scales inside; stamens usually 3, all 2-thecous, sometimes two 2-thecous, one 1-thecous, more rarely stamens 2 or 4; filaments inserted on the tube, connate or coherent apically or sometimes along their whole length then forming a central column, less often free; anthers connate or more usually coherent at the base into a globose head, rarely free; connectives broad; thecae triplicate and usually also transversely ± convoluted

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
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    Female flowers solitary or rarely racemose; ovary smooth; ovules many, horizontal; stigma 3-lobed

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Fruit small to moderately large, globose to elongate-cylindrical, fleshy, terete or less often longitudinally ribbed, baccate, indehiscent, with thin pericarp, red or red mottled with green

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Plantes'herbacées dioïques, à tiges grimpantes ou rampantes.'Feuilles'pétiolées, simples, de forme très variable; vrilles simples ou bifides; présence de probractées.'Fleurs'♂ solitaires, fasciculées ou plus souvent en courts racèmes; réceptacle large et peu profond; sépales 5, petits, dentiformes; corolle nettement gamopétale, à 5 lobes entiers; étamines 3, toutes biloculaires ou deux d'entre elles biloculaires et la troisième uniloculaire; filets insérés sur le réceptacle puis cohérents entre eux et formant une colonne; anthères cohérentes entre elles et formant une masse globuleuse au centre du périanthe; loges en S renversé et ondulées; connectif non prolongé au-dessus des loges.'Fleurs'♀ solitaires, plus rarement en racèmes; périanthe semblable à celui des fleurs ♂ ovaire lisse, renfermant de nombreux ovules horizontaux; stigmate trilobé; staminodes 3, petits.'Baies'petites ou grandes, indéhiscentes, globuleuses à cylindriques-allongées, lisses ou légèrement côtelées; péricarpe mince, rouge ou rouge tacheté de vert à maturité.'Graines petites, ovales, ± comprimées, parfois marginées; testa fibreux.\n\t\t\t\tGenre comprenant une trentaine d'espèces des régions tropicales de l'Ancien Monde; une seule espèce introduite dans le Nouveau Monde. Pour la Flore : 6 espèces.

  • Provided by: [F].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
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    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Ivy gourd [Latin coccineus, scarlet, alluding to mature fruit of C. grandis]

     Information From

    Cucurbitaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • B
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • D
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • E Flora of North America Association
    Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    https://www.floredafriquecentrale.be
    • F http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • G Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • H CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).