Codiaeum Rumph. ex A. Juss.
  • Euphorb. Gen. 33. 1824.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Codiaeum Rumph. ex A. Juss. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000008768. Accessed on: 08 Jul 2020'

General Information

CODIAEUM A. Juss.

Por Grady L. Webster

Codiaeum variegatum (L.) A. Juss., Euphorb. Gen. 80, 111. 1824; Croton variegatus L.

Arbustos o árboles, 1–5 m de alto, glabros, sin látex; plantas monoicas. Hojas alternas, simples, muy variables, lineares a oblongas u obovadas, a veces lobadas, 10–30 cm de largo y 0.5–8 cm de ancho, ápice acuminado, base cuneada a redondeada, márgenes enteros, pinnatinervias, glabras, verdes o variegadas con blanco, amarillo o rojo; pecíolos 5–40 mm de largo, estípulas ausentes. Racimos unisexuales, terminales o axilares, 10–30 cm de largo; flores estaminadas con pedicelos 5–20 mm de largo, sépalos 5, imbricados, 1.5–2.5 mm de largo, enteros, pétalos 5, ca 1 mm de largo, segmentos del disco 5, estambres 15–30, libres, pistilodio ausente; flores pistiladas con pedicelos 2.5–3 mm de largo, sépalos 5, connados, lobos 0.8–1 mm de largo, pétalos ausentes, disco cupuliforme, ovario 3-locular, glabro, 1 óvulo por lóculo, estilos casi libres, 5 mm de largo, no lobados, delgados y lisos. Fruto capsular, 9 mm de diámetro; semillas 6 mm de largo, lisas, carunculadas.

Cultivada; 0–100 m; fl y fr todo el año; Sandino 4837, Stevens 10538; nativa de Nueva Guinea y de otras islas del Pacífico Sur, cultivada en los trópicos. Un género con 6 especies de las regiones tropicales de Asia y Australasia.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Shrubs or treelets, monoecious, rarely dioecious; indumentum when present simple; latex present, clear and nontoxic. Leaves alternate, petiolate; stipules minute, caducous, sometimes obsolete; leaf blade entire, rarely lobed; venation pinnate. Inflorescence axillary, long, unbranched, usually unisexual. Male flowers several per bract; calyx (3-)5(-6)-lobed, lobes imbricate; petals small, 5 or 6, rarely absent; disk divided into 5-15 free glands; stamens 15-100; rudimentary ovary absent. Female flowers 1 per bract; calyx 5-lobed; petals absent; disk subentire or divided; ovary 3-locular; ovules 1 per locule; styles 3, unlobed, rarely bifid. Fruit a capsule. Seeds carunculate; cotyledons broad and flat.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Monoecious or occasionally dioecious shrubs or small trees with or without a simple indumentum

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Fruit globose or tridymous, dehiscing into 3 bivalved cocci

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Female flowers: pedicels short and stouter than in ♂, not articulate; sepals smaller than in ♂, otherwise ± similar; petals 0; disc shallowly cupular, entire or ± so; ovary 3-locular, with 1 ovule per locule; styles 3, shortly connate at the base, spreading or recurved, simple, rarely bipartite

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Male flowers: pedicels slender, articulate; sepals (3–)5(–6), free, imbricate; petals (3–)5(–6), small, minute or 0; disc-glands 5–15, small, free, alternating with the petals; stamens 15–100, filaments free, anthers erect, extrorse, dorsifixed, connective broad, thecae apically confluent, longitudinally dehiscent; pistillode 0

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Inflorescences axillary or subterminal, often subtended by a small orbicular leaf, laxly racemose, solitary or sometimes binate, usually unisexual, pedunculate; ♂ bracts 1–6-flowered; ♀ bracts 1-flowered

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Seeds smooth, shiny, marbled, carunculate; testa crustaceous; albumen fleshy; cotyledons broad, flat.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Leaves alternate, petiolate, minutely stipulate or not, simple and entire or occasionally trilobate, sometimes with the lamina recurved, twisted or interrupted, penninerved, eglandular or subeglandular at the base

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Monoecious or occasionally dioecious shrubs or small trees with a simple indumentum, or glabrous.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Seeds ovoid to subglobose, carunculate; testa smooth, shiny, marmorate, crustaceous; albumen fleshy; cotyledons broad, flat.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Fruit globose or 3-lobed, dehiscing septicidally into 3 bivalved cocci; pericarp thin; endocarp thinly woody; columella persistent.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Female flowers: pedicels shorter and stouter than in the male, not jointed; sepals smaller than in the male, otherwise ± similar; petals absent; disk shallowly cupular, subentire or shallowly 5-lobed; ovary 3-locular, 1 ovule per locule; styles 3, shortly connate at the base, spreading or recurved, usually simple.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Male flowers: pedicels slender, jointed; sepals (3)5(6), closely imbricate; petals (3)5(6), small, minute or absent; disk glands 5–15, free, alternipetalous; stamens 15–100, filaments free, anthers erect, extrorse, dorsifixed, connective broad, thecae apically confluent, longitudinally dehiscent; pistillode absent.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Inflorescences axillary or subterminal, racemose, solitary or paired, usually unisexual, pedunculate; male bracts 1–6-flowered; female bracts l-flowered.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Leaves alternate, petiolate, minutely stipulate or stipules absent, simple, entire or 3-lobed, occasionally the lamina contorted or interrupted along the midrib, penninerved, eglandular or ± so.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

     Information From

    Euphorbiaceae
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • C
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • E
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).