Conium L.
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 243. 1753. (1 May 1753)


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Conium L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000009137. Accessed on: 21 Sep 2021'

General Information

Herbs, biennial or shortly perennial, slender. Root stout, long-conic. Stem hollow, erect, much-branched above, conspicuously purple-spotted. Leaves petiolate, narrowly sheathing at base; blade 2–3-pinnate, finely dissected. Umbels numerous, terminal and lateral on dichotomous branches; bracts and bracteoles several, often reflexed; rays numerous, ascending; rays numerous, spreading widely. Calyx teeth obsolete. Petals white or yellowish white, obovate or obcordate, apex incurved. Stylopodium low-conic, styles short, reflexed. Fruit ovoid or broad-ovoid, slightly flattened laterally; ribs 5, prominent, all ridged to very narrowly sinuate-winged; vittae small, numerous, completely encircling the seed, usually broken down in mature fruit. Seed face deeply concave or sulcate. Carpophore 2-cleft, at least to middle.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • 14. Conium L.

      Por L. Constance y J. Affolter.

      Hierbas perennes, delgadas a robustas, caulescentes, ramificadas, glabras y algo glaucas, con raíces axonomorfas robustas o raíces carnosas fasciculadas. Hojas alternas, pecioladas, pinnadamente compuestas con folíolos pinnadamente incisos o disecados, membranáceas; pecíolos envainadores, las vainas escariosas. Inflorescencia de umbelas laxas compuestas; pedúnculos terminales y laterales; involucro generalmente de 5 brácteas escarioso-marginadas, finalmente reflexas; radios escasos, patente-ascendentes a reflexos; involucelo de 5 bractéolas como brácteas; pedicelos delgados, patente-ascendentes. Dientes del cáliz ausentes; pétalos de ápice inflexo más angosto, blancos o blanco-verdosos o blanco-amarillentos; estilos cortos, el estilopodio bajo cónico. Frutos anchamente ovoides a subglobosos, comprimidos lateralmente y más o menos constrictos en la comisura, glabros; mericarpos subteretes; carpóforo bipartido; costillas 5, conspicuas, obtusas, frecuentemente unduladas, subiguales; vitas ausentes, un anillo de tejido secretor rodeando la cavidad de la semilla; cara de la semilla sulcada. Al menos 4 spp. Europa al S. de África; el taxon siguiente adventicio en todo el mundo.

      Bibliografía: Hilliard, O.M. y Burt, B.L. S. Afr. J. Bot. 51: 465-474 (1985).

      La única especie en Mesoamérica es Conium maculatum .

    • Provided by: [D].Flora Mesoamericana
      • Source: [
      • 4
      • ]. 

      "Fr broadly ovoid, flattened laterally, barely constricted at the commissure; ribs 5 per mericarp, prominent, often undulate; oil-tubes very small and numerous; carpophore entire; umbels numerous, mostly terminal, often 2–4 together from the uppermost node of the stem; bracts few, ovate to lanceolate; rays numerous; bractlets like the bracts but smaller; sep none; pet white; stylopodium depressed-conic; biennials with large, pinnately decompound lvs. 4, temp. Eurasia, S. Afr."

    • Provided by: [E].New York Botanical Garden
      • Source: [
      • 5
      • ]. 

      Morphology

      Mericarps with prominent ribs, which are often undulate; vittae 0.

    • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
      • Source: [
      • 3
      • ]. 

      Stylopodium depressed; styles short and recurved.

    • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
      • Source: [
      • 3
      • ]. 

      Fruit ovoid to suborbicular, somewhat laterally compressed, with a fairly narrow commissure.

    • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
      • Source: [
      • 3
      • ]. 

      Petals white, usually with a slightly inflexed apex.

    • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
      • Source: [
      • 3
      • ]. 

      Calyx teeth obsolete.

    • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
      • Source: [
      • 3
      • ]. 

      Umbels compound, with well-developed bracts and bracteoles, which are sometimes semi-caducous.

    • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
      • Source: [
      • 3
      • ]. 

      Glabrous, biennial herbs up to 2 m. Leaves compound-pinnately divided, with rather fine ultimate segments.

    • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
      • Source: [
      • 3
      • ]. 

        Bibliography

       Information From

      Apiaceae
      World Flora Online Data. 2017.
      • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
      Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
      http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
      'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
      • B Missouri Botanical Garden
      Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
      https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
      http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
      • C
      Flora Mesoamericana
      http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
      Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
      • D Missouri Botanical Garden
      New York Botanical Garden
      Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
      • E Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
      World Flora Online consortium
      http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
      World Flora Online Data. 2018.
      • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).