Consolida (DC.) Gray
  • Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 711. 1821. (1 Nov 1821)
  • Larkspur [Latin consolidatus, to become solid or firm, from reputed ability to heal wounds]


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Consolida (DC.) Gray. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000009193. Accessed on: 05 Jun 2020'

General Information

Herbs , annual, from slender taproots. Leaves all cauline at anthesis, alternate, proximal leaves petiolate, distal leaves nearly sessile. Leaf blade palmately finely dissected, ±semicircular, lobes less than 2 mm wide (except sometimes on leaves near base of stem), margins entire. Inflorescences terminal, 3-45(-75)-flowered racemes, 5-30 cm; bracts leaflike, not forming involucre. Flowers bisexual, bilaterally symmetric; sepals not persistent in fruit, 5; upper sepal 1, spurred, 5-18 mm; lateral sepals 2, elliptic or lanceolate, sometimes spurred, 5-18 mm; lower sepals 2, similar to lateral sepals; petals 2, connate, blue to purple, pink, or white, spurred, spur enclosed in upper sepal, 1-2-lobed, 3-8 mm; nectary on spur; stamens many; filaments with base expanded; staminodes absent between stamens and pistils; pistil 1, simple; ovules several per pistil; style present. Fruits follicles, solitary, sessile, ±cylindric, sides smooth; beak terminal, straight, 1-2 mm. Seeds dark brown to black, obpyramidal to 3-angled. x =8.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Herbs annual. Leaves basal and cauline; leaf blade palmately divided. Inflorescence racemose or compoundly so. Pedicels usually 2-bracteolate. Flowers bisexual, zygomorphic. Sepals 5, petaloid, purple, blue, or white, upper one spurred. Petals 2, connate, spurred, subentire or 3--5-lobed; spur nectariferous. Staminodes absent. Stamens numerous; filaments lanceolate-linear, 1-veined; anthers ellipsoid. Carpel 1; ovary many ovulate. Style without a distinct stigma. Follicle narrowly oblong, reticulate. Seeds subtetrahedral, densely transversely squamulose winged.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Literature

    SELECTED REFERENCES

    Chater, A. O. 1993. Consolida. In: T. G. Tutin et al., eds. 1993+. Flora Europaea, ed 2. 1+ vols. Cambridge and New York. Vol.1, pp. 260-262. Keener, C. S. 1976. Studies in the Ranunculaceae of the southeastern United States. IV. Genera with zygomorphic flowers. Castanea 41: 12-20. Munz, P. A. 1967. A synopsis of African species of Delphinium and Consolida. J.Arnold Arbor. 48: 30-55. Munz, P. A. 1967b. A synopsis of the Asian species of Consolida (Ranunculaceae). J. Arnold Arbor. 48: 159-202.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Included Species

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Larkspur [Latin consolidatus, to become solid or firm, from reputed ability to heal wounds]

     Information From

    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • A Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • B Flora of North America Association
    Ranunculaceae
    • C CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).