Crotalaria 
  • Chipilín, Quiebraplato


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Crotalaria . Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000009787. Accessed on: 11 Aug 2020'

General Information

CROTALARIA L.

Por Myra Guzmán-Teare

Hierbas anuales o perennes, o arbustos erectos a postrados. Folíolos 1 ó 3, lineares, elípticos, lanceolados, oblanceolados, ovados, enteros, pubescentes o glabros, estipelas ausentes; estípulas filiformes, menos frecuentemente triangulares, pequeñas y libres o decurrentes sobre el tallo, persistentes o caducas, a veces ausentes. Inflorescencias racimos terminales, opuestos a medida que crece la planta, o laterales, con varias o pocas flores, brácteas a veces presentes, filiformes, lineares, persistentes o caducas, bractéolas similares en forma pero comúnmente más pequeñas, localizadas en la mitad del pedicelo o en la base del cáliz; cáliz campanulado, 5-lobado, algunas veces bilabiado, glabro o pubescente, verde; corola comúnmente amarilla (azul en C. verrucosa), teñida de rojo, estandarte orbicular con la base unguiculada, alas oblongas, quilla espiralada en la punta; estambres 10, monadelfos, anteras dimorfas (basifijas largas alternando con dorsifijas cortas); ovario rematado por un estilo geniculado. Legumbres hinchadas, subcilíndricas, glabras o pubescentes, en algunas especies negras cuando maduras; semillas 7–46, reniformes o cordiformes.

Género con ca 600 especies, tropical y subtropical, con la mayor concentración de especies en el hemisferio sur, especialmente en Africa donde se encuentran 500 especies; 89 especies se conocen en América, 15 de ellas en Nicaragua.

H.A. Senn. The North American species of Crotalaria. Rhodora 41: 317–367. 1939; D.R. Windler. A systematic treatment of the native unifoliolate Crotalarias of North America. Rhodora 76: 151–204. 1974; M. Guzmán. The Nicaraguan Species of Crotalaria (Fabaceae). M.S. Thesis, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa. 1989.

  • Provided by: [H].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    ules varying greatly in size and shape. Inflorescences racemes, peduncles ter- minal or opposite leaves, bracts setaceous to foliaceous; bracteoles paired, similar in shape to the bracts and located on the pedicel or the calyx. Flowers sometimes showy, bisexual, 5-merous; calyx green, the bilabiate tube usually campanulate, glabrous or pubescent, the lobes usually longer to much longer than the tube; corolla papilionaceous, usually yellow (blue in C. verrucosa), standards orbicular or obovate, the apex rounded or retuse, the base clawed, the adaxial surface and veins near the base frequently becoming red-tinged, the wing petals oblong, at- tached to a stalk continuous with the lower margin (cleaver-shaped), the blades usually puckered between some of the veins, the keel petals usually twisted at the tip, lanate ciliate; stamens 10, monadelphous, the staminal tube open on the upper side, the anthers dimorphic with basifixed long anthers alternating with medifixed short anthers, the short anthers positioned above the elongate at an- thesis; ovary terminated by a geniculate style. Fruit an inflated, sub-cylindric, sessile or short stipitate legume, glabrous or pubescent, the fruits of some species becoming black at maturity; seeds 7-46 per legume, oblique cordiform, the testa smooth and usually impervious to water.

  • Provided by: [G].Flora de Panama
  • Hierbas o arbustos, las ramitas glabras o pubescentes, sin espinas; estípulas persistentes o deciduas, o (a veces) ausentes. Hojas unifolioladas o palmadamente compuestas; pecíolo sin nectarios glandulares; folíolos 1 ó 3. Infls. terminales u opuestas a las hojas a (raramente) axilares, racemosas, con brácteas y bractéolas. Fls. amarillas a amarillo verdoso o azules, zigomorfas, pediceladas; sépalos connatos en un cáliz campanulado, (4)5-lobulado (o a veces trilobulado, por la unión de los lóbulos superiores y laterales), persistente en el fr.; pétalos 5, separados, el estandarte orbicular u obovado, usualmente con 2 apéndices callosos en la base internamente, la quilla fuertemente curvada y terminando en una punta prolongada; estambres 10, los filamentos connatos; anteras sin glándulas. Frs. a veces negros (cuando maduros), oblongoides, biconvexos o subcilíndricos e inflados, coriáceos, elásticamente dehiscentes; semillas 7–46, mostaza a verde grisáceo o pardo amarillento a pardo oscuro o pardo rojizo, reniformes, sin arilo.

  • Provided by: [I].Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
  • Herbs or shrubs, often short-lived, rarely small trees. Stems terete or angled. Stipules filiform to leaflike or lacking. Leaves simple or 3-foliolate, usually petiolate. Inflorescences terminal, leaf-opposed, or occasionally axillary, racemose, occasionally con­densed and headlike; bracts usually present. Flowers usually pedicellate; bracteoles 2, rarely lacking. Calyx subcampanulate, with 5 subequal lobes or 2-lipped with 3 narrow abaxial lobes and 2 broader adaxial lobes often connate or partly connate. Corolla usually yellow, less often white, purplish red, or dark purplish blue; standard usually orbicular or oblong, outside glabrous or with trichomes, basally almost always with 2 appendages inside; wings oblong or narrowly elliptic; keel rounded to angled, generally extended into a well-developed beak. Stamens monadelphous, dimorphic, 5 usually shorter with oblong and basifixed anthers alternating with 5 longer with ovoid and dorsifixed anthers. Ovary stipitate or sessile, with or without trichomes, with 2 to many ovules; style long, basally curved or geniculate, almost always with 1 or 2 lines of trichomes on apical part; stigma minute, oblique, rarely 2-lobed. Leg­ume subsessile to long stipitate, oblong, cylindric, ovoid-globose, or rarely rhombic, usually conspicuously inflated, rarely com­pressed, 2- to many seeded, with or without a stipe. Seeds obliquely cordate to oblong-reniform, with a definite hilar sinus.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 13
    • ]. 

    Herbs or shrubs, erect to prostrate. Leaves ternately compound or unifoliolate by reduction; leaflets entire, glabrous or pubescent, subtended by stipules; stip-

  • Provided by: [G].Flora de Panama
  • Morphology

    Herbs or shrubs of very varied habit

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Stipules filiform to foliaceous or absent

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Leaves simple, 1-foliolate or digitately 3(–7)-foliolate; leaflets entire

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Calyx (4–)5-lobed or sometimes effectively 3-lobed by union of upper and lateral lobes on either side; tube sometimes protracted on the lower side or 2-lipped

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Flowers usually in terminal, leaf-opposed or less commonly axillary racemes, sometimes modified as heads, subumbelliform or compound, occasionally flowers solitary or in axillary clusters

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Stamens all joined, with the sheath open at least at the base; anthers dimorphic, 5 large alternating with 5 small

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Corolla usually longer than the calyx, usually yellow or yellow-green, variously marked, less commonly white or blue; standard almost always with 2 callus-like appendages at the base inside, glabrous or pubescent outside; wings with rows of crescent-shaped folds between some of the veins; keel rounded or angled, generally produced into a prominent beak

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Ovary usually stipitate; style curved or geniculate, almost always pubescent above; stigma usually small, rarely bilobed

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Pods subsessile to long-stipitate, usually inflated, almost always dehiscent, though sometimes tardily so, 1–many-seeded

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Seeds mostly oblique-cordiform to oblong-reniform, sometimes with a conspicuous aril.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Flowers usually in terminal, leaf-opposed or less commonly axillary racemes, occasionally solitary or clustered; bract and paired bracteoles generally present.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Calyx usually with 5 subequal lobes, sometimes the lower 3 on a short lip, sometimes 2-lipped with long lobes, occasionally with only 4 lobes or with the lateral and upper lobes largely joined on either side.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Herbs or shrubs.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Leaves simple, 1-foliolate or digitately 3(7)-foliolate, usually petiolate; stipules filiform to leaf-like or lacking.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Style curved to geniculate, the basal portion thicker, almost always with 1–2 lines of hairs on the upper part; stigma small.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Stamens all joined into a sheath open at least at the base; anthers alternately long, basifixed, and smaller, dorsifixed.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Standard generally yellow, sometimes blue or white, often lined reddish, almost always with 2 appendages at the base inside, glabrous or hairy outside; keel rounded to angled, generally produced into a well developed beak.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Pod subsessile to long-stipitate, usually inflated, generally dehiscent, sometimes tardily so, 1–many-seeded.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Seeds mostly oblique-cordiform to oblong-reniform, with a definite hilar sinus,sometimes with a conspicuous aril.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Habit

    Herbs or shrubs

  • Provided by: [G].Flora de Panama
  • Included Species

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Chipilín, Quiebraplato

      Bibliography

     Information From

    Fabaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • E
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • F
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • G Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • H Missouri Botanical Garden
    Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Costa%20Rica
    Hammel, B. E.; Grayum, M. H.; Herrera, C.; Zamora, N. Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2003-2014
    • I Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • J CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).