Dipsacus L.
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 97. 1753. (1 May 1753)


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Dipsacus L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000012069. Accessed on: 28 Sep 2021'

General Information

Herbs, biennial or perennial. Stems erect, angulate and sulcate, usually echinulate or hispid along ridges. Basal leaves long petiolate, entire, 3-cleft, or pinnatipartite, usually dentate or lobed. Cauline leaves opposite, sessile or petiolate, usually 3-5-lobed, sometimes pinnatipartite or entire, both surfaces usually hispid, but glabrous or papillate-echinulate in some species. Capitula terminal, oblong, globose, or ovoid-globose; involucral bracts erect or spreading, leaflike, 1- or 2-layered, rostrate; involucels 4-8-ribbed, adnate to ovary; flowers bisexual. Calyx actinomorphic, shallowly disciform, 4-lobed, white pubescent. Corolla tubular, 4-lobed; lobes unequal in size. Stamens 4, inserted at corolla tube, alternate with corolla lobes. Gynoecium of 2 carpels; ovary inferior, enveloped by involucel; ovule solitary, pendulous, anatropous; style filiform; stigma oblique or lateral. Achenes surmounted with persistent calyx, enveloped by leathery involucel. Seed coat membranous; embryo imbedded in endosperm.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    "Cal short, 4-angled or 4-lobed, hairy; cor 4-lobed, the marginal ones not enlarged; involucel 4-angled, truncate or 4-toothed at the top; involucral bracts slender, often elongate; receptacular bracts ovate or lanceolate, acuminate into an awn surpassing the fls; tall biennial or perennial herbs, little branched, with prickly stems, large, sessile or even connate lvs, and small fls in dense, ovoid to cylindric heads. 10+, Europe, w. Asia, n. Afr."

  • Provided by: [E].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Stamens 4, exserted

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Erect perennial herbs with aculeate, or rarely smooth, stems

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Stigma entire, rarely shortly bifid.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Leaves pinnatipartite or entire, sometimes the stem-leaves connate at the base

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Inflorescences terminal or terminal and lateral

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Heads involucrate with 1 or 2 rows of foliaceous often spine-tipped bracts of variable length

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Corolla 4-fid, unequally lobed

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Calyx cupular, small, undulate or minutely toothed, usually pubescent or pilose

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Involucel with or without a narrow cupular limb and developing 8 longitudinal furrows

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Bracts of the receptacle acute, chartaceous and spine-tipped, usually shorter than the involucral bracts

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Herbes'annuelles ou bisannuelles, généralement armées d'aiguillons ou de soies raides.'Feuilles'entières à pennatipartites, les caulinaires parfois connées à la base.'Capitules'sphériques, cylindriques ou ± coniques ; involucre formé de 1-2 rangs de bractées foliacées, souvent terminées par une épine ; bractées florales généralement plus courtes que les bractées involucrales, foliacées et terminées par une épine.'Fleurs à calicule tronqué au sommet et à marge presque entière ou indistinctement denticulée ; calice cupuliforme, à bord tronqué à légèrement denté ; corolle à 4 lobes inégaux, celle des fleurs périphériques non ou à peine plus grande que celle des fleurs centrales ; étamines 4.\n\t\t\t\tGenre comprenant une vingtaine d'espèces des régions tempérées et subtropicales d'Europe et d'Asie, ainsi que des montagnes de l'Afrique intertropicale. Pour la Flore : 2 espèces.

  • Provided by: [B].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

      Bibliography

     Information From

    Caprifoliaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    https://www.floredafriquecentrale.be
    • B http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • C
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • E Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).