Epidendrum L.
  • Sp. Pl. (ed. 2) 2: 1347–1353. 1763. (Jul-Aug 1763)
  • [Greek epi-, on, and dendron, tree, alluding to the epiphytic habit]


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Epidendrum L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000013590. Accessed on: 26 Sep 2021'

General Information

Por E. Hagsater.

  • Provided by: [G].Flora Mesoamericana
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    EPIDENDRUM L.; Neolehmannia Kraenzl.; Epidanthus L.O. Williams; Nanodes Lindl.; Physinga Lindl.

    Generalmente epífitas o litófitas, ocasionalmente terrestres; tallos secundarios comúnmente delgados o a modo de cañas, simples a muy ramificados, foliados o algunas veces engrosados en pseudobulbos cilíndricos que llevan 1–5 hojas apicales. Hojas generalmente dísticas, a menudo coriáceas y rígidas, generalmente articuladas. Inflorescencia generalmente terminal (lateral en E. phragmites y pseudolateral en E. stamfordianum), racimo simple, algunas veces umbeliforme, hasta una panícula difusa, con 1 a muchas flores; sépalos y pétalos a menudo patentes y libres, los pétalos a menudo más angostos que los sépalos hasta filiformes; labelo con la uña adnada a toda la longitud de la columna, con una hendidura en el ápice de la columna, simple o 3-lobado, liso o generalmente con un disco variadamente engrosado, generalmente con 2 callos; columna algunas veces con alas, la antera terminal, operculada, incumbente, 2- ó 4-locular, polinios raramente 2 (E. paranthicum y E. stangeanum) ó 4, con en viscidio semilíquido. Cápsulas elipsoides.

    Género con ca 800 especies, distribuidas desde el sur de los Estados Unidos hasta Argentina; 58 especies se conocen en Nicaragua y 2 más se esperan encontrar.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Small to large, epiphytic or semi-epiphytic herbs orsubshrubs with or without the stems swollen into pseudobulbs. Stems (secondary)swollen into pseudobulbs and the leaves borne at or near the apex of thepseudobulbs (? ENCYCLIUM); or the stems slender and not swollen and with theleaves scattered along the stem (? EUEPIDENDRUM); or slender or fusiform stemswith the leaves scattered along them but with the base of the stems swollen (?BARKERIA). Leaves variable in shape and size, usually coriaceous butoccasionally fleshy. Inflorescence commonly terminal but occasionally lateralor both terminal and lateral, rarely borne from lateral, leafless shoots whichlater develop into pseudobulbs or stems; from simple and often 1-flowered tocompound and many-flowered. Flowers from small to relatively large. Sepalsequal or subequal, spreading, reflexed or subconnivent. Petals similar to thesepals but usually smaller and narrower or even filiform, occasionally broader.Lip unguiculate; the claw free, partially free, or adnate to the column; laminasimple or 3-lobed, the lobes often lobulate; the disc ecallous or usuallybicallous and with or without lamellae or additional calluses. Column stout orslender, alate or exalate, clinandrium variously developed. Anther terminal,operculate, incumbent, 2-celled and with each cell more or less divided by aseptum; pollinia 4, uniseriate, laterally compressed, with appendages, rarelywithout, waxy. Capsule various, winged or wingless.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Herbs, epiphytic, rarely lithophytic, cespitose. Roots fleshy, glabrous. Stems erect, repent, or hanging, canelike, simple or branching. Leaves alternate; petiole tubular, sheathing, articulate; blade ovate to elliptic or lanceolate, fleshy-leathery. Inflorescences terminal [lateral or basal], racemose to nearly corymbose or distichous, producing flowers only once, or during several years from same or new racemes from old axis; flowers pedicellate or not. Flowers resupinate or not, if not then distichous or spirally arranged, simultaneous or successive; sepals nearly equal; lip adnate to column throughout, forming nectary tube, tube penetrating ovary, occasionally producing nectar; column straight or slightly arched; clinandrium hood partly covering anther; anther 4-celled; pollinia 4, obovoid, laterally compressed, nearly equal; rostellum slit, producing semiliquid viscidium attached to caudicles of pollinarium. Fruits capsules, ellipsoid to subglobose, sometimes with pedicel or beak, 3-ribbed, 1-locular.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Epífitas o epilíticas, rara vez terrestres, cespitosas, rastreras, erectas o colgantes; tallos del tipo caña, que rara vez forman pseudobulbos, simples o ramificados. Hojas dísticas, conduplicadas, distribuidas a lo largo del tallo, ocasionalmente una apical o pocas agrupadas cerca del ápice del tallo o pseudobulbo, de textura variable, no pecioladas. Infl. apical o lateral, erecta, arqueada o colgante, 1-floreada, espigada, racemosa o paniculada. Fls. resupinadas o no, pequeñas a grandes, ocasionalmente vistosas; labelo adnado totalmente a la parte ventral de la columna, la porción libre entera a variadamente lobulada; columna recta o arqueada, áptera; rostelo hendido; viscidio semilíquido, blanquecino a translúcido; clinandrio reducido o prominente; polinios (2)4, obovoides a sublaminares, iguales o desiguales, con caudículas granulosas a laminares; ovario pedicelado, no inflado hasta inflado y que forma una vesícula; frs. generalmente elipsoides, con o sin pedicelo o rostro, generalmente ápteros.

  • Provided by: [D].Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Literature

    SELECTED REFERENCES

    Ames, O., F. T. Hubbard, and C. Schweinfurth. 1936. The Genus Epidendrum in the United States and Middle America. Cambridge, Mass. Hágsater, E. 1984. Towards an understanding of the genus Epidendrum. In: K. W. Tan, ed. 1984. Proceedings of the Eleventh World Orchid Conference: March 1984, Miami, Florida, U.S.A. Miami. Pp. 195–201.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Included Species

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    [Greek epi-, on, and dendron, tree, alluding to the epiphytic habit]

     Information From

    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • A Missouri Botanical Garden
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • C Flora of North America Association
    Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Costa%20Rica
    Hammel, B. E.; Grayum, M. H.; Herrera, C.; Zamora, N. Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2003-2014
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • G Missouri Botanical Garden
    Orchidaceae
    • H CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • I CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).